Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014
Timor-Leste -49.0 -57.8 -49.1
Liberia -81.4 -49.4 -32.4 -50.5
Lesotho -32.7 -32.0 -27.7
Tajikistan -28.8 -27.9 -30.1
South Sudan 48.4 -24.0 -11.3 -3.5
Comoros -20.5 -23.9 -22.9 -16.9
West Bank and Gaza -19.7 -18.2 -16.2 -24.3
Guinea -0.3 -16.8 -11.2 -11.3
Moldova -16.7 -16.8 -12.6 -10.4
Afghanistan -21.5 -16.8 -26.2 -21.4
Zimbabwe -14.3 -16.7 -16.9 -12.2
Kyrgyz Republic -1.6 -15.9 -15.6 -16.4
Guyana -10.4 -9.1 -10.3 -10.4
Grenada -5.7 -7.3 -4.9 -0.6
Haiti -13.7 -6.7 -4.6 -3.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -4.5 -6.4 -8.1 -9.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina -5.4 -4.8 -2.8 -4.6
El Salvador -4.3 -4.3 -4.2 -4.2
Montenegro -2.6 -3.8 -0.5 0.4
Dominica 1.8 -3.2 0.2 1.4
Guinea-Bissau 1.3 -2.6 0.2 -0.1
Tonga 4.3 -2.6
Jamaica -1.7 -1.8 -0.9 0.2
Jordan -0.8 -1.1 -1.4 2.0
Burundi -0.7 -0.1 1.9 2.0
Malawi 5.0 2.2 3.0 5.0
Barbados 1.4 2.3 0.6 1.2
Madagascar 2.0 2.4 2.6 3.8
Lebanon -1.2 2.4 0.7 0.6
Togo 1.4 3.4 2.9 -29.1
Central African Republic 1.2 3.6 -1.7 -14.6
Guatemala 4.5 3.7 2.9 3.4
Serbia 4.7 4.3 6.9 5.6
Armenia 3.7 4.5 2.4 2.6
Honduras 6.3 5.2 1.3 3.2
Kenya 4.5 5.9 4.6 3.9
Pakistan 9.1 7.1 8.2 8.5
Mozambique 7.1 7.1 4.5 8.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.0 7.5 10.4 13.3
Rwanda 8.3 8.1 11.5 10.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.0 8.2 7.9 5.3
Nicaragua 9.1 8.3 7.6 9.7
Greece 8.3 8.4 8.7 9.7
Antigua and Barbuda 11.7 9.2 9.1 11.5
Georgia 7.6 9.3 11.8 12.3
Albania 8.7 9.7 10.3 5.8
Namibia 10.4 10.0 8.7 8.0
Gambia, The 10.8 10.0 10.2
Nepal 14.0 11.0 10.1 7.2
Senegal 9.0 11.5 7.0 7.1
Cameroon 12.5 11.6 11.3 11.3
Benin 11.3 11.7 14.1 16.0
Mauritius 13.0 12.7 11.8 11.6
Bahamas, The 13.8 13.1 15.3 11.8
Ukraine 15.8 13.1 8.7 10.0
Cambodia 11.7 13.7 14.5 17.6
Cuba 11.7 13.7 12.8
Sudan 23.6 14.0 13.5 11.4
Faroe Islands 12.4 14.0 18.4
Uganda 12.4 14.2 17.9 17.4
United Kingdom 14.5 14.2 14.9 15.6
Dominican Republic 15.0 14.4 16.1 16.7
Cyprus 15.6 14.4 14.6 14.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.9 14.5 13.7 15.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.5 14.6 22.2 21.2
Philippines 16.8 14.9 15.8 17.2
Turkey 14.9 15.0 14.1 15.8
Tunisia 16.4 15.1 13.1 11.2
St. Lucia 9.3 15.2 13.0 13.2
Portugal 14.3 15.2 15.6 15.5
Belize 14.0 15.5 12.7
United States 14.8 15.8 16.4 16.8
Paraguay 19.3 16.3 20.1 20.0
Tanzania 18.0 16.7 16.9 20.6
Uzbekistan 26.8 17.0 18.2 21.3
Costa Rica 16.9 17.3 17.0 17.1
Niger 11.5 18.7 19.9 21.4
Argentina 21.3 18.8 18.5 19.8
South Africa 20.0 18.8 17.8 18.5
Italy 18.9 18.8 19.4 19.4
Japan 19.3 18.9 18.3 18.7
Ethiopia 17.2 19.2 17.6 20.5
Cote d'Ivoire 21.2 19.3 21.8 21.0
Bulgaria 22.6 19.3 20.8 20.6
Ghana 14.0 19.3 14.5 17.7
Uruguay 20.4 19.6 20.0 19.2
Croatia 20.2 19.7 19.6 20.2
Morocco 21.8 19.8 20.3 19.8
Mali 21.2 20.0 16.9 20.0
Brazil 21.0 20.1 19.4 18.1
Lithuania 19.4 20.1 20.4 20.3
Bangladesh 19.8 20.5 21.2 22.0
France 20.6 20.5 20.4 20.3
Poland 20.5 20.5 20.9 21.6
Seychelles 19.4 20.7 30.5 22.2
Burkina Faso 19.8 20.8 21.8 24.3
Finland 22.7 21.0 20.5 20.2
Vanuatu 21.9 21.3 22.4 25.0
Spain 21.7 21.7 22.4 22.3
Latvia 20.2 21.7 20.9 21.2
Lao PDR 20.5 21.8 20.3 20.9
Mexico 21.0 22.0 20.8 20.5
Romania 22.3 22.0 23.8 23.1
Colombia 22.7 22.1 21.6 20.6
Botswana 31.0 22.1 32.4 37.3
Iceland 23.5 22.1 23.1 23.1
New Zealand 22.3 22.2 24.5 25.4
Israel 20.9 22.3 22.0 21.6
Slovenia 23.6 23.0 25.2 27.6
Canada 22.9 23.0 22.9 23.1
Belgium 24.5 23.8 23.4 23.9
Denmark 25.0 24.3 24.5 24.8
Slovak Republic 24.1 24.6 25.2 24.6
Chile 26.9 25.3 23.6 22.9
Germany 26.0 25.3 25.4 26.0
Hungary 26.7 26.2 27.9 29.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 28.0 26.4 24.6 24.0
Ecuador 25.9 26.4 26.4 27.1
Austria 26.7 26.6 26.3 26.5
Bolivia 25.5 27.1 26.0 22.4
Mauritania 35.2 27.4 25.0 20.9
Chad 25.5 27.5 23.7 25.5
Sweden 28.5 27.5 27.0 27.4
Peru 29.8 28.2 27.2 24.7
Australia 28.2 28.2 27.2 26.7
Venezuela, RB 33.3 28.5 22.5
Netherlands 29.1 28.8 29.0 29.5
Iraq 32.1 28.9 37.8 37.0
Thailand 28.5 28.9 30.1 30.7
Estonia 30.8 29.0 29.8 31.4
Puerto Rico 31.5 29.3 30.6
Bermuda 31.4 29.4 29.8
India 31.7 29.9 29.3 29.3
Vietnam 25.6 30.7 28.8 30.1
Trinidad and Tobago 38.1 30.8 29.1 26.8
Czech Republic 31.0 31.2 30.6 32.0
Russian Federation 33.5 32.1 28.7 27.5
Panama 25.8 32.3
Nigeria 26.1 33.4 20.0 21.7
Mongolia 36.3 33.5 32.2 29.6
Korea, Rep. 34.5 33.8 34.1 34.5
Switzerland 35.3 34.7 34.7 34.8
Indonesia 35.5 34.7 33.3 33.9
Ireland 35.6 36.5 37.4 38.7
Malaysia 38.8 36.5 34.5 34.3
Kazakhstan 42.8 39.4 35.9 37.4
Norway 38.7 39.5 38.5 37.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.2 39.8 39.8 38.7
Belarus 36.5 40.0 36.0 32.7
Bhutan 38.4 43.6 24.1 36.7
Bahrain 47.5 46.6 44.3 43.3
Algeria 48.2 47.5 46.2 44.2
United Arab Emirates 40.7 48.5 47.7 44.4
Congo, Rep. 54.7 49.4 41.4 44.0
Angola 49.7 50.0 38.2
Azerbaijan 52.6 50.0 46.6 42.8
China 49.2 50.1 50.4 49.9
Luxembourg 51.3 50.4 52.0 51.7
Saudi Arabia 53.4 51.4 47.4 41.7
Oman 53.7 51.6 48.2 44.2
Singapore 53.7 52.6 52.2 52.1
Gabon 59.6 56.5 53.3 50.7
Kuwait 60.9 61.3 58.5 52.4
Brunei Darussalam 64.2 63.8 59.0 62.6
Macao SAR, China 72.3 73.0 74.6 73.5
Qatar 74.6 74.4 72.7 71.0
Turkmenistan 83.1 76.1
Equatorial Guinea 79.2 79.6 76.1 76.3
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Andorra
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Somalia
Curacao
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Tuvalu
Sierra Leone
Myanmar
Greenland
Sri Lanka
Guam
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Palau
Djibouti
French Polynesia
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Kiribati
Libya
Fiji
Maldives
Suriname
Turks and Caicos Islands
Swaziland 1.3
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Yemen, Rep.
Aruba 12.3
Cayman Islands
Eritrea 1.2
Cabo Verde 18.7
Papua New Guinea
Monaco
Syrian Arab Republic
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Malta 16.7
Zambia
Marshall Islands

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