Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 0.3 -4.0 -2.8 6.6 11.5
Algeria 31.5 32.0 27.2 31.6 44.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 48.2 24.9 19.2 22.5 39.6
Antigua and Barbuda 12.4 33.2 39.2 36.4 26.5
Argentina 17.4 17.2 17.4 16.3 15.5
Armenia -12.7 -18.9 -14.7 -10.7 -8.5
Aruba 31.5 30.7 28.0 23.0 29.2
Australia 24.4 25.1 24.7 23.8 24.3
Austria 24.9 25.5 26.0 26.7 27.4
Azerbaijan 3.0 10.2 1.5 12.6 21.3
Bahamas, The 20.7 22.2 21.5 24.7 25.4
Bahrain 26.1 27.0 22.1 23.8 39.1
Bangladesh 14.1 16.5 17.8 17.9 19.2
Barbados 14.4 12.4 15.3 14.4 13.7
Belarus 19.4 21.0 21.9 21.3 22.2
Belgium 24.5 25.7 25.7 26.5 26.4
Belize 20.1 17.2 14.7 12.3 11.0
Benin 14.0 14.2 12.7 9.6 9.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 32.1 22.5 18.5 19.2 23.7
Bolivia 11.5 11.4 10.7 8.4 9.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina -19.1 -3.0 -33.1 -38.5 -26.3
Botswana 40.1 37.2 34.7 37.1 41.3
Brazil 15.1 15.2 15.8 15.5 16.6
Brunei Darussalam 40.6 34.2 26.9 28.8 44.6
Bulgaria 13.9 21.7 25.5 14.7 13.9
Burkina Faso 7.9 11.6 8.9 3.7 4.6
Burundi -1.7 1.5 -4.7 -2.5 -7.1
Cabo Verde
Cambodia -3.7 3.3 -1.3 3.9 5.6
Cameroon 19.2 18.2 18.8 19.2 20.3
Canada 23.0 23.3 23.1 24.4 26.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 3.1 8.0 5.3 8.2 6.2
Chad 8.7 7.3 5.9 -0.2 5.5
Chile 25.7 25.6 23.6 23.2 23.4
China 41.6 42.0 41.1 39.2 36.9
Colombia 16.5 15.0 13.8 13.4 14.1
Comoros -3.6 -9.0 -7.9 -6.2 1.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 27.5 6.3 -1.0 9.2 10.3
Congo, Rep. 41.3 37.7 30.3 41.0 59.3
Costa Rica 12.5 14.2 17.8 22.8 19.8
Cote d'Ivoire 20.8 22.0 19.9 21.6 17.4
Croatia 13.6 12.7 14.8 15.2 17.1
Cuba 13.9 12.0 9.2 9.1 9.7
Curacao
Cyprus 25.2 23.8 22.7 23.6 23.6
Czech Republic 30.8 28.2 30.1 28.8 29.6
Denmark 25.7 26.4 25.7 26.9 29.1
Djibouti -2.8 -1.9 -0.8 -2.4 -6.5
Dominica 17.4 16.5 19.0 18.8 8.3
Dominican Republic 15.0 14.7 15.9 15.7 14.5
Ecuador 18.9 18.4 16.4 23.2 26.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 12.7 11.5 12.0 13.4 12.9
El Salvador 2.3 3.5 5.3 4.1 1.9
Equatorial Guinea -125.7 -18.3 -80.9 -10.4 41.0
Eritrea -30.6 -24.9 -33.0 -31.7 -26.5
Estonia 18.6 24.0 24.2 23.1 25.6
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands 23.5 20.0 21.8
Fiji 20.7 20.9 30.7 22.4 12.2
Finland 27.2 29.1 30.9 31.4 33.1
France 21.2 22.3 23.2 23.5 23.5
French Polynesia
Gabon 54.5 54.8 38.4 47.7 58.3
Gambia, The -0.6 2.7 1.6 1.1 -0.2
Georgia 0.6 -8.7 6.5 7.4 9.9
Germany 23.6 24.0 24.7 24.2 24.2
Ghana 13.2 4.2 10.3 3.5 5.6
Greece 14.4 15.6 15.5 15.3 15.0
Greenland
Grenada 14.3 12.0 8.5 27.2 23.6
Guam
Guatemala 7.9 8.0 9.3 9.0 9.1
Guinea 15.6 17.7 13.6 15.5 16.0
Guinea-Bissau 1.7 5.1 -10.1 -1.2 -6.9
Guyana 25.8 22.1 16.9 17.0 9.2
Haiti 10.6 8.5 9.3 10.2 6.6
Honduras 26.0 26.5 23.3 19.7 15.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 30.3 30.8 29.5 30.1 32.0
Hungary 25.3 27.3 27.3 24.7 24.7
Iceland 21.0 21.7 21.3 18.8 17.6
India 20.9 23.3 21.9 24.9 23.2
Indonesia 30.1 31.5 26.5 19.5 32.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 43.0 37.4 30.0 36.2 36.8
Iraq 55.2
Ireland 31.4 34.2 35.0 37.8 38.4
Isle of Man
Israel 18.4 19.9 20.3 20.9 22.6
Italy 23.7 23.0 22.5 21.8 21.5
Jamaica 17.6 16.4
Japan 29.1 29.2 28.0 26.3 26.6
Jordan 5.2 3.5 2.3 3.7 -4.3
Kazakhstan 19.8 17.1 15.9 16.0 25.6
Kenya 8.1 6.5 8.1 9.0 7.3
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 32.7 32.6 34.7 32.8 35.0
Kuwait 28.2 26.9 11.2 21.1 37.0
Kyrgyz Republic -0.6 13.8 -6.1 3.2 14.3
Lao PDR -0.2
Latvia 10.2 12.3 14.0 12.7 16.8
Lebanon -7.6 -3.8 1.2 0.1 -1.3
Lesotho -24.4 -35.3 -70.5 -54.1 -58.5
Liberia -0.1
Libya 20.3 17.3 10.4 15.1 29.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 11.9 14.7 13.2 11.6 12.8
Luxembourg 42.7 42.3 42.8 46.3 47.8
Macao SAR, China 52.5 50.4 46.5 42.9 47.4
Macedonia, FYR 9.8 7.4 7.4 9.7 7.6
Madagascar 6.1 4.7 7.0 7.2 7.7
Malawi 3.3 -0.6 8.1 -0.6 3.8
Malaysia 42.9 43.9 48.7 47.4 46.1
Maldives 49.2 45.9 46.7 44.2 44.2
Mali 4.6 11.3 12.1 9.7 10.2
Malta 13.2 13.8 13.7 12.9 17.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 21.7 14.8 5.8 8.4 5.3
Mauritius 24.0 24.5 24.9 23.3 25.6
Mexico 21.7 20.7 21.4 21.6 21.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 5.6 4.3 0.3 7.6 -1.7
Monaco
Mongolia 19.3 30.4 18.8 19.8 15.1
Montenegro 8.1
Morocco 19.5 20.5 22.3 21.5 20.2
Mozambique -9.3 -4.7 2.0 6.9 6.4
Myanmar 11.5 11.8 11.8 13.0 12.3
Namibia 14.9 10.3 13.1 12.4 13.4
Nepal 14.4 14.0 13.8 13.6 15.2
Netherlands 28.9 29.6 29.4 29.2 29.6
New Caledonia
New Zealand 24.7 24.3 22.1 23.7 25.0
Nicaragua 7.4 7.1 7.5 7.5 5.6
Niger 2.3 3.0 2.7 2.9 3.5
Nigeria 14.1 15.1 1.8 18.9 39.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 31.4 33.0 30.0 31.7 38.6
Oman 27.7 29.1 16.2 26.0 43.2
Pakistan 14.5 13.2 16.7 14.0 16.0
Palau
Panama 28.0 30.1 25.3 24.6 26.9
Papua New Guinea 33.8 20.2 23.1 26.6 38.8
Paraguay 24.6 23.9 27.2 26.0 24.4
Peru 15.6 17.4 16.2 16.8 16.4
Philippines 15.2 14.4 14.3 15.0 16.4
Poland 19.3 19.3 20.0 19.1 18.2
Portugal 17.3 18.5 19.1 18.7 17.7
Puerto Rico 24.3 23.4 27.7 28.2 29.7
Qatar 39.7 47.5 43.1 53.2 65.1
Romania 17.4 13.6 10.7 11.4 14.5
Russian Federation 27.9 24.2 21.6 31.9 38.7
Rwanda -5.8 -4.1 -2.8 -5.2 -5.2
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 31.6 31.5 25.6 32.7 37.5
Senegal 6.0 8.6 8.9 10.9 11.2
Serbia 6.6 3.6 3.7 2.9 6.1
Seychelles -8.4 -8.4 -8.3 -3.1 18.8
Sierra Leone -3.7 -4.3 -1.9 -5.8 -20.2
Singapore 51.2 52.6 52.9 49.5 47.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 25.3 26.6 24.5 24.9 25.0
Slovenia 23.5 24.8 25.2 24.5 24.9
Solomon Islands -19.3 -9.7 -0.2 -7.9
Somalia
South Africa 19.5 18.8 19.1 19.6 19.2
South Sudan
Spain 22.0 22.7 23.3 23.5 23.6
Sri Lanka 15.3 17.3 19.1 19.5 17.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 16.5 18.8 25.4 27.4 28.0
St. Lucia 15.2 16.4 18.3 17.6 17.8
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.6 2.8 5.8 13.2 18.1
Sudan 4.2 8.6 9.5 7.7 27.5
Suriname 8.2 8.0 4.1 11.2 -1.1
Swaziland -4.2 2.4 1.5 0.4 4.4
Sweden 26.6 27.2 27.6 27.7 28.6
Switzerland 29.6 29.7 30.2 30.0 31.1
Syrian Arab Republic 17.6 19.7 21.7 19.1 24.1
Tajikistan 18.9 13.0 6.3 15.9 7.3
Tanzania 4.6 5.4 7.5 7.2 10.1
Thailand 36.3 35.7 35.7 32.3 30.7
Timor-Leste -120.7
Togo 7.9 0.5 2.8 3.2 2.0
Tonga -11.6 -12.6 -18.8 -9.8 -10.7
Trinidad and Tobago 34.9 25.8 27.8 26.5 30.7
Tunisia 23.5 22.2 22.0 22.7 22.7
Turkey 18.3 19.3 23.3 19.3 17.8
Turkmenistan 48.6 12.8 7.3 12.3 49.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 8.7 10.7 5.7 8.0 8.0
Ukraine 20.1 18.4 18.5 23.0 24.7
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 20.5 20.1 19.4 17.9 17.9
United States 20.4 21.2 21.1 20.7 19.9
Uruguay 15.1 14.1 14.5 11.9 11.1
Uzbekistan 25.2 25.2 27.8 24.8 25.2
Vanuatu 12.6 20.6 7.0 2.5 11.1
Venezuela, RB 31.7 34.9 28.9 30.3 35.8
Vietnam 17.1 20.2 21.7 24.8 24.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza -20.8 -20.7 -18.4 -18.3 -15.1
Yemen, Rep. 14.1 15.8 3.0 16.4 26.3
Zambia
Zimbabwe 18.7 11.1 19.0 18.3 15.8

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