Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania -1 -6 -9 -7 4
Algeria 28 31 32 27 32
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 48 25 19 22
Antigua and Barbuda 24 12 33 39 36
Argentina 14 14 14 14 13
Armenia -20 -13 -19 -15 -11
Aruba 28 32 31 28 23
Australia 24 24 25 25 24
Austria 26 25 26 26 27
Azerbaijan 10 3 10 2 13
Bahamas, The 22 21 22 21 25
Bahrain 26 26 27 22 24
Bangladesh 13 12 15 17 17
Barbados 11 11 9 12 11
Belarus 20 19 21 22 21
Belgium 25 25 26 26 27
Belize 21 20 17 15 12
Benin 12 14 14 13 12
Bermuda
Bhutan 41 32 23 18 19
Bolivia 11 12 11 11 8
Bosnia and Herzegovina -31 -19 -3 -33 -39
Botswana 34 40 37 35 37
Brazil 17 15 15 15 15
Brunei Darussalam 41 41 34 27 29
Bulgaria 18 14 22 26 14
Burkina Faso 11 8 12 9 4
Burundi -8 -2 1 -5 -3
Cabo Verde
Cambodia -1 -4 3 -1 4
Cameroon 19 19 18 19 19
Canada 23 23 23 23 24
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 8 3 8 5 8
Chad 1 9 7 6 -0
Chile 28 26 26 24 23
China 44 42 42 41 40
Colombia 19 17 15 14 13
Comoros -5 -4 -9 -8 -6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14 28 6 -1 9
Congo, Rep. 38 41 38 30 41
Costa Rica 15 12 14 18 23
Cote d'Ivoire 23 21 23 20 21
Croatia 9 14 13 15 15
Cuba 5 14 12 9 9
Curacao
Cyprus 22 19 18 18 19
Czech Republic 31 31 28 30 29
Denmark 25 26 26 26 27
Djibouti -4 -3 -2 -1 -2
Dominica 18 17 17 19 19
Dominican Republic 14 15 15 16 16
Ecuador 16 19 18 16 23
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15 13 12 12 13
El Salvador 4 2 3 5 4
Equatorial Guinea -59 -126 -18 -81 -10
Eritrea -38 -31 -25 -33 -32
Estonia 23 20 23 24 22
Ethiopia 18 15 10 11 6
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 23 21 21 31 22
Finland 28 27 29 31 31
France 22 21 22 23 23
French Polynesia
Gabon 47 55 55 38 48
Gambia, The -5 -1 3 2 1
Georgia -13 1 -9 7 7
Germany 24 24 24 25 24
Ghana 12 13 4 10 3
Greece 15 15 16 16 16
Greenland
Grenada 22 14 12 8 27
Guam
Guatemala 9 8 8 9 9
Guinea 18 16 18 14 15
Guinea-Bissau -1 2 5 -10 -1
Guyana 22 26 22 17 17
Haiti 7 11 9 9 10
Honduras 27 26 27 23 20
Hong Kong SAR, China 30 30 31 30 30
Hungary 23 25 27 27 25
Iceland 21 21 22 21 19
India 25 21 23 22 25
Indonesia 31 30 31 27 19
Iran, Islamic Rep. 38 42 38 31 36
Iraq
Ireland 30 31 34 35 38
Isle of Man
Israel 17 18 19 20 20
Italy 23 24 23 23 22
Jamaica 18 18 16 15 15
Japan 29 29 29 28 26
Jordan 12 5 3 2 4
Kazakhstan 15 20 17 16 16
Kenya 15 8 6 8 9
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 34 33 33 35 33
Kosovo
Kuwait 25 28 27 11 21
Kyrgyz Republic 5 -1 14 -6 3
Lao PDR
Latvia 12 10 12 12 14
Lebanon -15 -8 -4 1 0
Lesotho -26 -24 -35 -70 -54
Liberia
Libya 19 20 17 10 18
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 11 11 14 14 12
Luxembourg 43 43 42 43 47
Macao SAR, China 56 52 50 46 43
Macedonia, FYR 11 10 7 7 10
Madagascar 3 6 5 7 7
Malawi -0 3 -1 8 -1
Malaysia 40 43 44 49 47
Maldives 47 49 46 47 44
Mali 8 7 10 10 9
Malta 16 13 14 14 13
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 26 22 15 18 9
Mauritius 23 24 25 25 23
Mexico 21 22 21 21 22
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 16 6 4 0 8
Monaco
Mongolia 26 19 30 19 20
Montenegro
Morocco 18 19 20 22 21
Mozambique 2 6 9 6 -1
Myanmar 13 11 12 12 13
Namibia 15 15 10 13 12
Nepal 16 14 14 14 14
Netherlands 28 29 29 29 29
New Caledonia
New Zealand 25 24 23 21 22
Nicaragua 7 7 7 7 8
Niger 0 2 3 3 3
Nigeria 19 14 15 2 19
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 28 30 32 28 30
Oman 23 28 29 16 26
Pakistan 16 14 13 17 14
Palau
Panama 33 28 30 25 25
Papua New Guinea 39 34 20 23 27
Paraguay 28 25 24 27 26
Peru 17 16 17 16 17
Philippines 15 15 14 14 15
Poland 21 19 19 20 19
Portugal 18 17 19 19 19
Puerto Rico 25 24 23 28 28
Qatar 36 40 48 43 53
Romania 19 17 14 10 11
Russian Federation 29 28 24 22 32
Rwanda -7 -6 -4 -3 -5
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 29 32 32 26 33
Senegal 7 6 9 9 11
Serbia 7 7 4 4 3
Seychelles -5 -8 -8 -8 -3
Sierra Leone -2 -4 -4 -2 -6
Singapore 51 51 53 53 50
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 29 25 27 24 25
Slovenia 23 23 25 25 25
Solomon Islands -19 -10 -0
Somalia
South Africa 19 19 18 18 19
South Sudan
Spain 21 22 23 23 23
Sri Lanka 15 15 17 19 20
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 17 26 27 16
St. Lucia 17 15 16 18 18
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 16 15 3 7 15
Sudan 9 4 9 9 8
Suriname 11 8 8 4 11
Swaziland 2 -4 2 2 0
Sweden 27 27 27 28 28
Switzerland 30 30 30 30 30
Syrian Arab Republic 20 18 20 22 19
Tajikistan 22 19 13 6 16
Tanzania 2 5 5 7 7
Thailand 35 36 35 36 33
Timor-Leste
Togo 11 8 0 3 3
Tonga -12 -10 -8 -18 -8
Trinidad and Tobago 35 35 27 28 27
Tunisia 21 24 22 22 23
Turkey 21 18 19 23 19
Turkmenistan 49 13 7 12
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 3 9 11 6 8
Ukraine 24 20 18 19 23
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 20 19 20 19 18
United States 20 21 22 22 21
Uruguay 15 15 14 15 12
Uzbekistan 29 25 25 28 25
Vanuatu 14 13 21 7 3
Venezuela, RB 23 32 35 29 30
Vietnam 18 17 20 22 25
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza -19 -21 -21 -18 -18
Yemen, Rep. 2 14 16 3 16
Zambia -3 -7 -4 -7 -10
Zimbabwe 17 19 11 19 18

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