Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania -1.0 -6.0 -9.5 -7.3 4.3
Algeria 28.1 31.5 32.0 27.2 31.6
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 48.2 24.9 19.2 22.5
Antigua and Barbuda 23.7 12.4 33.2 39.2 36.4
Argentina 14.5 14.4 14.2 14.4 13.4
Armenia -19.8 -12.7 -18.9 -14.7 -10.7
Aruba 28.1 31.5 30.7 28.0 23.0
Australia 24.0 24.4 25.1 24.7 23.8
Austria 25.7 24.9 25.5 26.0 26.7
Azerbaijan 10.2 3.0 10.2 1.5 12.6
Bahamas, The 22.3 20.7 22.2 21.5 24.7
Bahrain 26.1 26.1 27.0 22.1 23.8
Bangladesh 12.6 12.4 14.7 16.7 16.7
Barbados 11.0 10.9 8.8 12.0 11.5
Belarus 20.4 19.4 21.0 21.9 21.3
Belgium 25.3 24.6 25.8 25.9 26.6
Belize 20.6 20.1 17.2 14.7 12.3
Benin 12.4 14.0 14.2 12.7 12.3
Bermuda
Bhutan 40.5 32.1 22.5 18.5 19.2
Bolivia 10.6 11.5 11.4 10.7 8.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina -31.1 -19.1 -3.0 -33.1 -38.5
Botswana 34.2 40.1 37.2 34.7 37.1
Brazil 16.5 15.2 15.2 15.0 15.0
Brunei Darussalam 40.6 40.6 34.2 26.9 28.8
Bulgaria 17.7 13.9 21.7 25.5 14.5
Burkina Faso 11.5 7.9 11.6 8.9 3.8
Burundi -8.0 -1.7 1.5 -4.7 -2.5
Cabo Verde
Cambodia -0.8 -3.7 3.3 -1.3 3.9
Cameroon 19.1 19.2 18.2 18.8 19.2
Canada 22.6 23.0 23.3 23.1 24.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 8.1 3.1 8.0 5.3 8.2
Chad 1.4 8.7 7.3 5.9 -0.2
Chile 28.4 25.7 25.6 23.6 23.2
China 43.5 42.5 42.4 41.4 39.6
Colombia 19.4 16.5 15.0 13.8 13.4
Comoros -5.3 -3.6 -9.0 -7.9 -6.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.1 27.5 6.3 -1.0 9.2
Congo, Rep. 37.7 41.3 37.7 30.3 41.0
Costa Rica 15.4 12.5 14.2 17.8 22.8
Cote d'Ivoire 22.9 20.8 22.8 19.7 21.3
Croatia 8.6 13.6 12.7 14.8 15.2
Cuba 4.5 13.9 12.0 9.2 9.1
Curacao
Cyprus 21.8 18.7 17.6 18.2 18.8
Czech Republic 30.8 30.8 28.2 30.1 28.8
Denmark 25.4 25.7 26.4 25.7 26.9
Djibouti -3.6 -2.8 -1.9 -0.8 -2.4
Dominica 17.8 17.4 16.5 19.0 18.8
Dominican Republic 14.2 15.0 14.7 15.9 15.7
Ecuador 16.5 18.9 18.4 16.4 23.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.0 12.7 11.5 12.0 13.4
El Salvador 3.9 2.3 3.5 5.3 4.1
Equatorial Guinea -59.4 -125.7 -18.3 -80.9 -10.4
Eritrea -38.0 -30.6 -24.9 -33.0 -31.7
Estonia 22.6 20.1 22.9 23.6 21.6
Ethiopia 17.6 14.9 10.0 11.0 6.5
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 23.1 20.7 20.9 30.7 22.4
Finland 27.8 27.2 29.1 30.9 31.4
France 21.9 21.2 22.3 23.2 23.5
French Polynesia
Gabon 46.9 54.5 54.8 38.4 47.7
Gambia, The -4.8 -0.6 2.7 1.6 1.1
Georgia -12.8 0.6 -8.7 6.5 7.4
Germany 24.3 23.5 23.9 24.6 24.1
Ghana 11.6 13.2 4.2 10.3 3.5
Greece 14.5 14.8 15.9 16.0 16.1
Greenland
Grenada 21.6 14.3 12.0 8.5 27.2
Guam
Guatemala 8.9 7.9 8.0 9.3 9.0
Guinea 18.0 15.6 17.7 13.6 15.5
Guinea-Bissau -1.2 1.7 5.1 -10.1 -1.2
Guyana 22.3 25.8 22.1 16.9 17.0
Haiti 6.5 10.6 8.5 9.3 10.2
Honduras 27.2 26.0 26.5 23.3 19.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 29.8 30.3 30.8 29.5 30.1
Hungary 23.1 25.3 27.3 27.3 24.7
Iceland 21.2 21.1 21.8 21.4 18.9
India 24.9 20.9 23.3 21.9 24.9
Indonesia 30.6 30.1 31.5 26.5 19.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.8 41.8 37.9 30.8 36.3
Iraq
Ireland 29.9 31.5 34.3 35.1 37.8
Isle of Man
Israel 17.1 17.7 19.3 19.7 20.4
Italy 23.5 23.7 23.0 22.5 21.8
Jamaica 18.5 17.6 16.4 15.1 15.1
Japan 29.5 29.1 29.2 28.0 26.3
Jordan 11.8 5.2 3.5 2.3 3.7
Kazakhstan 15.3 19.8 17.1 15.9 16.0
Kenya 15.3 8.1 6.5 8.1 9.0
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 33.8 32.7 32.6 34.7 32.8
Kosovo
Kuwait 25.1 28.2 26.9 11.2 21.1
Kyrgyz Republic 5.4 -0.6 13.8 -6.1 3.2
Lao PDR
Latvia 12.1 9.9 11.7 11.6 14.2
Lebanon -15.1 -7.6 -3.8 1.2 0.1
Lesotho -26.4 -24.4 -35.3 -70.5 -54.1
Liberia
Libya 18.9 20.3 17.3 10.4 17.8
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 10.7 10.7 13.9 13.8 12.2
Luxembourg 43.0 42.9 42.5 43.0 46.5
Macao SAR, China 56.0 52.5 50.4 46.5 42.9
Macedonia, FYR 11.0 9.8 7.4 7.4 9.7
Madagascar 3.4 6.1 4.7 7.0 7.2
Malawi -0.3 3.3 -0.6 8.1 -0.6
Malaysia 39.7 42.9 43.9 48.7 47.4
Maldives 46.8 49.2 45.9 46.7 44.2
Mali 7.8 7.2 10.0 10.4 9.5
Malta 16.4 13.2 13.8 13.7 12.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 26.5 21.7 14.8 17.6 9.4
Mauritius 23.2 24.0 24.5 24.9 23.3
Mexico 21.2 21.7 20.7 21.4 21.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 16.3 5.6 4.3 0.3 7.6
Monaco
Mongolia 25.8 19.3 30.4 18.8 19.8
Montenegro
Morocco 17.7 19.5 20.5 22.3 21.5
Mozambique 1.5 5.6 9.3 6.0 -0.6
Myanmar 13.4 11.5 11.8 11.8 13.0
Namibia 15.3 14.9 10.3 13.1 12.4
Nepal 15.7 14.4 14.0 13.8 13.6
Netherlands 28.2 28.6 29.3 29.2 28.9
New Caledonia
New Zealand 24.7 23.9 22.8 21.3 22.3
Nicaragua 7.1 7.4 7.1 7.5 7.5
Niger 0.2 2.3 3.0 2.7 2.9
Nigeria 18.8 14.1 15.1 1.8 18.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 28.5 30.0 31.6 28.5 30.3
Oman 23.5 27.7 29.1 16.2 26.0
Pakistan 15.8 14.5 13.2 16.7 14.0
Palau
Panama 32.9 28.0 30.1 25.3 24.6
Papua New Guinea 39.3 33.8 20.2 23.1 26.6
Paraguay 27.5 24.6 23.9 27.2 26.0
Peru 17.0 15.6 17.4 16.2 16.8
Philippines 14.6 15.2 14.4 14.3 15.0
Poland 20.7 19.3 19.3 20.0 19.1
Portugal 17.8 17.3 18.5 19.1 18.7
Puerto Rico 25.3 24.3 23.4 27.7 28.2
Qatar 36.1 39.7 47.5 43.1 53.2
Romania 18.7 17.4 13.6 9.7 11.2
Russian Federation 28.8 27.9 24.2 21.6 31.9
Rwanda -7.3 -5.8 -4.1 -2.8 -5.2
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 29.5 31.6 31.5 25.6 32.7
Senegal 7.2 6.0 8.6 8.9 10.9
Serbia 7.4 6.6 3.6 3.7 2.9
Seychelles -5.0 -8.4 -8.4 -8.3 -3.1
Sierra Leone -2.3 -3.7 -4.3 -1.9 -5.8
Singapore 50.5 51.2 52.6 52.9 49.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 28.5 25.3 26.6 24.5 24.9
Slovenia 22.8 23.5 24.8 25.2 24.5
Solomon Islands -19.3 -9.7 -0.2
Somalia
South Africa 18.9 18.8 17.8 18.1 19.0
South Sudan
Spain 21.4 22.0 22.7 23.3 23.5
Sri Lanka 15.3 15.3 17.3 19.1 19.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 22.9 16.9 26.3 26.8 15.7
St. Lucia 16.9 15.2 16.4 18.3 17.6
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15.6 14.7 3.3 6.9 15.5
Sudan 9.3 4.2 8.6 9.5 7.7
Suriname 10.9 8.2 8.0 4.1 11.2
Swaziland 2.3 -4.2 2.4 1.5 0.4
Sweden 27.0 26.6 27.2 27.6 27.7
Switzerland 30.4 29.6 29.7 30.2 30.0
Syrian Arab Republic 20.3 17.6 19.7 21.7 19.1
Tajikistan 22.3 18.9 13.0 6.3 15.9
Tanzania 2.4 4.6 5.4 7.5 7.2
Thailand 35.4 35.5 35.1 36.3 33.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 11.2 7.9 0.5 2.8 3.2
Tonga -12.1 -9.8 -8.3 -18.0 -8.3
Trinidad and Tobago 35.3 34.5 26.6 28.0 26.8
Tunisia 20.8 23.5 22.2 22.0 22.7
Turkey 21.0 18.3 19.3 23.3 19.3
Turkmenistan 48.6 12.8 7.3 12.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 3.4 8.7 10.7 5.7 7.6
Ukraine 23.6 20.1 18.4 18.5 23.0
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 19.6 19.2 20.1 19.3 17.9
United States 20.4 20.8 22.0 21.8 21.3
Uruguay 15.3 15.1 14.1 14.5 11.9
Uzbekistan 29.4 25.2 25.2 27.8 24.8
Vanuatu 13.9 12.6 20.6 7.0 2.5
Venezuela, RB 23.4 31.7 34.9 28.9 30.3
Vietnam 18.0 17.1 20.2 21.7 24.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza -19.2 -20.8 -20.7 -18.4 -18.3
Yemen, Rep. 2.2 14.1 15.8 3.0 16.4
Zambia -3.4 -6.9 -3.5 -7.0 -9.7
Zimbabwe 17.0 18.7 11.1 19.0 18.3

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