Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Afghanistan
Albania 21.0 -13.0 -71.8 -33.7 -9.7
Algeria 27.1 37.4 32.2 27.7 26.6
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.0 12.5 0.0 9.7 26.1
Antigua and Barbuda 34.4 37.0 37.6 37.2 33.9
Argentina 19.7 16.2 15.2 16.7 16.9
Armenia 35.8 20.4 -19.8 -3.7 -10.3
Aruba 35.8
Australia 27.0 24.1 22.6 23.2 23.7
Austria 26.8 26.2 25.0 25.1 24.6
Azerbaijan 31.2 7.5 30.9 3.2 9.4
Bahamas, The 27.6 25.1 26.9 23.9 23.5
Bahrain 37.4 18.0 17.1 21.4 26.8
Bangladesh 9.3 11.3 12.5 12.9 13.5
Barbados 13.5 11.7 11.1 11.1 16.1
Belarus 28.8 32.5 33.2 25.3 20.1
Belgium 25.8 24.4 24.9 24.9 25.3
Belize 27.8 19.0 23.4 25.0 17.9
Benin 6.7 5.1 3.4 5.6 10.1
Bermuda
Bhutan 26.6 23.0 21.7 30.9 41.4
Bolivia 11.4 10.1 7.7 7.3 8.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 42.6 39.7 37.0 36.8 33.4
Brazil 21.4 20.5 21.4 22.3 23.0
Brunei Darussalam 43.2 47.1 33.2 32.6 31.3
Bulgaria 22.0 26.9 14.1 7.7 8.8
Burkina Faso 5.4 8.3 8.6 7.7 16.3
Burundi -5.4 -4.2 -10.1 -6.2 -11.2
Cabo Verde
Cambodia -4.7 -0.9
Cameroon 20.7 22.0 16.5 14.3 16.8
Canada 21.6 18.9 18.2 18.6 20.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 3.9 4.1 2.9 4.8 10.1
Chad -7.7 -5.9 -6.3 -6.2 -2.1
Chile 28.6 27.0 25.8 24.9 26.5
China 38.1 37.9 38.1 42.3 42.9
Colombia 24.2 23.4 18.7 19.0 19.6
Comoros -3.2 -5.0 -3.3 1.6 -6.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.3 0.0 5.6 4.0 10.6
Congo, Rep. 48.6 34.1 45.8 41.0 38.8
Costa Rica 12.4 14.4 15.6 14.4 14.5
Cote d'Ivoire 11.3 10.4 10.7 13.3 24.9
Croatia
Cuba 14.2 6.9 5.2 3.9 3.9
Curacao
Cyprus 21.4 15.8 17.5 23.7 25.1
Czech Republic 26.7 27.9 26.6 27.6 28.6
Denmark 26.3 25.8 25.7 24.4 24.5
Djibouti -10.4 -10.1 -13.0 -11.1 -8.0
Dominica 14.8 12.8 16.2 14.3 13.2
Dominican Republic 15.3 13.8 11.2 13.1 14.3
Ecuador 25.0 24.2 26.1 18.0 18.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.1 13.2 17.0 15.6 15.1
El Salvador 1.2 2.1 2.2 3.8 4.5
Equatorial Guinea -7.5 -63.8 -20.0 -5.2 50.7
Eritrea -25.7 -24.0 -29.7
Estonia
Ethiopia 13.7 9.5 9.7 13.1 14.6
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 9.5 12.5 9.8 8.9 10.5
Finland 28.6 23.1 21.9 23.2 25.4
France 23.5 23.2 22.5 21.1 21.7
French Polynesia
Gabon 36.9 40.5 34.7 36.7 45.3
Gambia, The 10.7 15.1 18.5 -3.0 -2.8
Georgia 25.3 24.5 -7.2 -18.9 -48.7
Germany 24.5 25.1 24.5 23.7 24.1
Ghana 5.5 7.3 1.3 6.0 12.5
Greece 17.4 18.6 16.7 15.6 15.8
Greenland
Grenada 17.8 16.9 13.9 12.1 21.8
Guam
Guatemala 9.8 10.7 9.1 8.9 8.4
Guinea 22.2 22.1 20.0 20.1 17.9
Guinea-Bissau 2.8 3.2 3.2 7.0 3.9
Guyana 14.0 19.0 27.2 21.7 14.2
Haiti 5.2 4.7 -13.2 -8.1
Honduras 20.2 21.6 21.9 24.5 27.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 35.7 33.7 33.4 34.0 32.5
Hungary 20.1 16.2 13.2 17.0
Iceland 21.8 20.5 19.5 21.4 22.3
India 23.5 22.5 23.5 21.3 22.9
Indonesia 32.3 33.2 33.4 32.5 32.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 28.6 31.1 34.1 40.8 40.1
Iraq
Ireland 26.0 24.4 24.0 25.6 26.0
Isle of Man
Israel 14.4 9.9 11.2 9.1 8.8
Italy 22.5 22.1 21.4 21.9 22.1
Jamaica 22.1 23.2 28.9 20.1 20.6
Japan 33.4 33.8 32.7 31.4 30.0
Jordan 1.0 2.5 2.3 6.8 10.7
Kazakhstan 30.2 11.2 18.7
Kenya 18.5 19.5 16.5 22.6 22.1
Kiribati -42.5 -32.3 -30.8
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 33.8 34.4 33.5 33.4 33.4
Kuwait 4.5 -67.0 8.6 20.7 24.7
Kyrgyz Republic 3.8 14.1 7.9 4.0 2.7
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon -64.1 -51.7 -39.5 -32.0 -17.9
Lesotho -48.7 -55.7 -42.7 -38.5 -32.3
Liberia
Libya 27.2 16.2 17.3 13.0 17.2
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 39.2 39.7 40.4 42.2 43.3
Macao SAR, China 51.0 49.8 56.3 56.8 55.8
Macedonia, FYR 8.6 14.7 16.5 8.0 5.3
Madagascar 5.5 -0.3 2.9 2.1 3.3
Malawi 13.4 14.2 0.7 -0.9 -3.0
Malaysia 34.4 34.1 36.7 39.1 39.6
Maldives
Mali 6.4 6.4 4.4 6.4 7.5
Malta 17.8 18.5 18.3 18.1 18.3
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 4.9 14.7 20.0 16.3 52.4
Mauritius 23.0 24.5 25.8 24.5 23.0
Mexico 22.0 20.4 18.3 17.2 17.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 22.6 27.4 58.1 47.2 23.0
Monaco
Mongolia 7.0 2.5 18.2 10.0 9.2
Montenegro
Morocco 23.2 20.5 19.9 19.4 18.7
Mozambique -5.8 -8.6 -11.1 -13.9 -11.6
Myanmar 11.7 14.0 12.8 11.4 11.7
Namibia 20.3 9.5 12.4 12.5 17.9
Nepal 7.0 8.6 10.9 12.2 10.0
Netherlands 28.8 28.2 27.9 27.4 27.9
New Caledonia 15.2
New Zealand 21.4 21.2 21.8 24.9 25.3
Nicaragua -2.1 -9.9 -15.1 -8.0 4.7
Niger 4.2 2.8 5.8 3.9 0.0
Nigeria 32.1 32.3 26.8 23.2 17.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 30.8 29.9 28.1 28.3 28.9
Oman 32.0 23.3 25.5 22.5 24.0
Pakistan 11.1 17.5 17.1 14.7 16.8
Palau
Panama 25.0 23.1 27.5 29.2 31.6
Papua New Guinea 16.1 17.5 25.5 33.3 35.1
Paraguay 31.7 28.7 25.9 23.0
Peru 15.9 13.7 12.9 13.7 16.7
Philippines 18.4 17.2 16.4 15.5 17.8
Poland 30.7 17.0 15.7 15.6 18.6
Portugal 21.0 18.5 17.5 15.2 16.0
Puerto Rico 20.7 22.3 24.0 24.4 25.0
Qatar 35.6
Romania 20.8 24.1 23.0 24.0 22.7
Russian Federation 30.3 36.6 48.7 34.7 30.1
Rwanda 6.2 3.3 2.9 1.4 -48.5
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 24.1 21.4 25.7 25.5 27.8
Senegal 2.4 2.9 2.4 0.9 3.8
Serbia
Seychelles -10.6 -10.6 -11.9 -11.1 -4.9
Sierra Leone 13.7 13.2 7.1 3.5 12.5
Singapore 45.7 47.2 47.6 47.0 49.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 24.5 28.4 25.3 21.7 27.5
Slovenia
Solomon Islands -14.4
Somalia -12.5
South Africa 23.2 21.7 18.8 19.7 19.9
South Sudan
Spain 22.6 22.0 20.4 19.9 20.6
Sri Lanka 14.3 12.8 15.0 16.0 15.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 24.0 21.4 31.7 32.6 28.2
St. Lucia 14.2 11.9 15.3 18.9 18.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.7 2.4 15.2 7.8 4.2
Sudan 8.2 7.7 9.9 18.7 12.2
Suriname 8.4 1.4 6.0 8.1 10.2
Swaziland 5.3 4.3 1.0 -1.0 8.2
Sweden 30.1 26.6 24.7 22.3 24.3
Switzerland 33.5 31.4 29.7 30.0 30.9
Syrian Arab Republic 16.9 10.3 11.8 12.9 17.6
Taiwan, China
Tajikistan 17.5 23.9 30.6 26.1 25.0
Tanzania 1.3 3.0 0.3 -4.6 1.6
Thailand 33.8 36.3 36.0 35.8 35.4
Timor-Leste
Togo 14.7 9.0 6.5 -0.2 11.3
Tonga -12.7 -20.9 -7.6 -9.6 -6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 29.4 23.7 22.5 19.2 33.6
Tunisia 20.0 21.0 22.3 21.7 21.7
Turkey 20.3 19.9 20.4 20.9 22.3
Turkmenistan 27.6 33.3 60.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.6 0.7 0.4 1.1 4.3
Ukraine 26.4 28.5 36.4 36.0 32.2
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 20.1 18.4 17.3 17.2 18.5
United States 20.2 19.6 19.5 19.4 20.0
Uruguay 17.6 18.0 16.2 15.2 15.3
Uzbekistan 11.7 21.2 7.0 27.9 17.7
Vanuatu 7.4 10.9 11.4 12.0 14.8
Venezuela, RB 29.5 23.8 21.2 18.5 22.7
Vietnam 3.3 10.0 13.6 15.5 16.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza -17.1
Yemen, Rep. 7.5 -5.4 0.4 -7.2 2.5
Zambia 16.6 8.4 0.3 8.2
Zimbabwe 17.5 15.8 11.0 21.0 21.8

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