Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania 30 31 30 28 26
Algeria 33 31 23 23 21
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 28 23 19 23
Antigua and Barbuda 13 10 14 22 28
Argentina 23 23 19 20 22
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 25 26 25 26 27
Austria 22 23 23 23 24
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 22 25 24 24
Bahrain 45 48 41 40 38
Bangladesh 6 9 10 9 9
Barbados 21 23 18 17 18
Belarus
Belgium 19 19 20 20 23
Belize 16 9 18 20 20
Benin 1 -4 -2 -3 -3
Bermuda
Bhutan 5 7 7 22 17
Bolivia 18 16 9 9 10
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 32 38 41 42 50
Brazil 21 24 22 26 28
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 35 32 32 31 34
Burkina Faso -4 2 0 3 3
Burundi 6 4 1 7 2
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 28 27 26 21 21
Canada 25 24 23 24 24
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0 6 2 2 3
Chad -1 -12 -14 -12 -8
Chile 13 20 22 25 30
China 35 34 36 37 37
Colombia 18 20 25 23 23
Comoros -2 -0 -1 -2 -2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10 14 14 11 12
Congo, Rep. 46 31 16 23 19
Costa Rica 15 12 16 15 16
Cote d'Ivoire 25 27 21 16 15
Croatia
Cuba 14 17 13 12 13
Curacao
Cyprus 21 20 23 23 22
Czech Republic
Denmark 21 21 22 22 23
Djibouti
Dominica 4 5 16 15 17
Dominican Republic 17 9 11 12 16
Ecuador 20 23 22 18 21
Egypt, Arab Rep. 14 15 14 16 17
El Salvador 5 3 9 5 6
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 14 7 14 12 20
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 18 19 20 19 16
Finland 28 26 25 25 27
France 19 18 19 18 20
French Polynesia
Gabon 52 47 27 24 32
Gambia, The 5 5 7 7 8
Georgia 35 31 30 30 27
Germany 19 20 21 21 21
Ghana 4 7 6 4 5
Greece 18 18 19 14 16
Greenland
Grenada 1 1 9 12 16
Guam
Guatemala 9 10 12 7 8
Guinea 18 17 13
Guinea-Bissau -0 -13 -3 8 6
Guyana 20 22 33 20 17
Haiti
Honduras 11 13 12 15 18
Hong Kong SAR, China 32 32 33 36 37
Hungary 29 27 25 26 28
Iceland 23 21 22 20 20
India 20 21 22 21 22
Indonesia 30 30 29 32 32
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20 17 12 23 11
Iraq
Ireland 20 19 19 20 22
Isle of Man
Israel 7 6 6 2 5
Italy 23 23 23 23 23
Jamaica 17 14 20 21 19
Japan 30 31 32 31 33
Jordan -11 -16 -5 -2 1
Kazakhstan
Kenya 15 20 18 19 20
Kiribati -18 -47 -52 -36 -35
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 28 28 32 35 36
Kosovo
Kuwait 36 30 20 33 20
Kyrgyz Republic 12 15
Lao PDR 3 1 3 2 -5
Latvia 35 35 36 35 38
Lebanon
Lesotho -103 -87 -78 -80 -75
Liberia -10 -10 -5
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 31 31 34 32 34
Macao SAR, China 47 44 44 51 49
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 4 0 6 4 6
Malawi 15 13 10 15 12
Malaysia 32 30 29 35 34
Maldives
Mali -3 -11 -1 4 3
Malta 12 11 14 16 17
Marshall Islands
Mauritania -3 7 7 11 15
Mauritius 19 21 28 28 26
Mexico 28 26 22 25 24
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 22 21 13 9 9
Montenegro
Morocco 16 17 17 18 21
Mozambique -3 -5 -2 -8 -8
Myanmar 12 12 10 8 11
Namibia 7 21 18 8 16
Nepal 10 14 12 12 11
Netherlands 26 25 25 24 26
New Caledonia
New Zealand 25 24 24 24 24
Nicaragua 9 16 9 14 -14
Niger -1 1 11 7 14
Nigeria 20 20 19 25 20
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 35 33 28 28 28
Oman 43 40 30 39 25
Pakistan 7 6 8 11 10
Palau
Panama 24 24 27 27 24
Papua New Guinea 13 10 12 14 19
Paraguay
Peru 25 25 20 20 30
Philippines 19 16 19 18 20
Poland 29 30 31 35
Portugal 16 18 21 22 22
Puerto Rico 12 11 14 15 17
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 9 8 8 4 4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 22 15 10 11 16
Senegal 4 6 4 7 4
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 11 9 8 19 20
Singapore 47 41 39 40 43
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 31 30 29 29
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia -22 17 3 9 7
South Africa 27 29 28 26 26
South Sudan
Spain 22 22 23 23 23
Sri Lanka 20 12 12 13 12
St. Kitts and Nevis 2 8 12 13 31
St. Lucia 9 15 17 13 22
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14 22 22 17 23
Sudan 1 3 11 9 0
Suriname 6 11 22 31 22
Swaziland -9 -10 9 15 20
Sweden 24 24 24 24 24
Switzerland 28 28 29 29 30
Syrian Arab Republic 14 13 13 6 6
Tajikistan 23 19 18 21
Tanzania
Thailand 25 26 28 28 31
Timor-Leste
Togo 13 8 7 8 7
Tonga -12 -16 -20 -12 -21
Trinidad and Tobago 22 23 17 21 18
Tunisia 25 24 19 22 21
Turkey 12 13 16 23 26
Turkmenistan 28 30
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 7 7 6 -0 1
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 19 20 18 19 19
United States 23 22 21 21 21
Uruguay 17 17 17 17 19
Uzbekistan 20 21
Vanuatu 15 5 -1 5 2
Venezuela, RB 26 25 20 23 21
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 17 14 22 17 18
Zimbabwe 17 18 21 18 22

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