Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 30.5 30.5 28.3 26.1 28.9
Algeria 31.4 23.2 23.4 20.5 20.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Antigua and Barbuda 10.2 14.0 22.0 28.3 31.5
Argentina 23.1 19.3 19.9 22.0 22.0
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 26.0 25.4 25.8 27.3 27.8
Austria 24.4 23.9 24.2 25.3 26.1
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 24.7 24.3 24.3 28.2
Bahrain 47.6 40.5 40.4 38.0 35.7
Bangladesh 8.4 9.5 8.8 8.9 8.9
Barbados 23.1 18.3 16.5 18.0 19.1
Belarus
Belgium 19.7 20.5 21.2 24.0 25.4
Belize 8.8 17.8 19.8 19.5 20.9
Benin -4.1 -2.5 -2.8 -2.6 0.5
Bermuda
Bhutan 7.4 6.9 22.3 17.4 22.5
Bolivia 15.7 9.2 9.1 9.6 10.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 38.1 40.7 42.2 50.2 49.2
Brazil 24.4 21.6 25.6 27.9 30.4
Brunei Darussalam 45.2
Bulgaria 31.8 32.4 31.1 34.1 31.4
Burkina Faso 1.8 0.2 2.5 2.7 5.5
Burundi 4.1 1.1 6.6 1.7 3.3
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 26.8 26.1 20.8 21.0 20.0
Canada 24.1 22.9 23.6 24.5 23.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 5.8 2.3 1.9 3.2 5.6
Chad -12.1 -13.8 -11.9 -8.0 -9.6
Chile 19.6 21.9 25.1 29.7 30.0
China 33.3 34.2 35.7 35.8 35.6
Colombia 20.3 24.8 23.1 23.1 22.7
Comoros -0.3 -1.5 -2.0 -2.0 -7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.4 13.9 11.3 12.1 15.0
Congo, Rep. 31.1 15.6 22.8 18.8 27.8
Costa Rica 12.2 16.1 15.5 15.7 13.9
Cote d'Ivoire 27.3 21.4 16.1 15.2 11.9
Croatia
Cuba 17.5 13.5 11.8 12.9 12.7
Curacao
Cyprus 20.2 22.5 22.5 22.0 22.5
Czech Republic
Denmark 23.4 24.3 24.3 24.4 25.2
Djibouti
Dominica 5.1 16.4 15.1 16.9 9.9
Dominican Republic 8.6 10.7 12.4 15.8 17.4
Ecuador 22.6 21.7 18.4 21.5 22.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 14.5 13.8 15.9 17.1 17.3
El Salvador 3.3 8.9 5.3 6.3 4.9
Equatorial Guinea -14.5 -42.2 -71.7 -87.4 -57.5
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 9.4 17.0 15.5 25.1 13.9
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 18.7 20.4 19.3 16.0 15.7
Finland 27.6 27.3 27.3 28.7 30.2
France 20.7 21.5 21.1 22.6 23.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 47.3 26.9 23.8 32.4 30.9
Gambia, The 5.0 7.1 7.3 8.3 10.1
Georgia 29.6 26.5 25.0
Germany 20.9 22.6 22.1 22.8 23.5
Ghana 6.6 5.8 3.9 5.4 5.6
Greece 23.7 23.5 17.3 20.0 18.4
Greenland
Grenada 0.9 9.5 12.4 15.8 14.0
Guam
Guatemala 10.5 11.8 7.5 7.9 8.3
Guinea 17.9 17.2 12.9 18.5
Guinea-Bissau -12.9 -2.8 7.6 6.0 1.7
Guyana 22.0 33.2 19.9 16.8 15.0
Haiti
Honduras 12.6 12.1 14.5 18.4 15.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 31.5 32.5 36.5 37.3 38.0
Hungary
Iceland 22.7 23.7 21.4 21.7 22.6
India 21.1 21.7 21.3 22.4 22.8
Indonesia 29.7 28.5 31.7 31.5 35.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.9 11.6 22.8 11.4 14.5
Iraq
Ireland 19.9 19.5 20.9 22.3 23.9
Isle of Man
Israel 5.7 6.2 1.7 5.3 8.4
Italy 22.5 22.7 22.3 22.4 22.0
Jamaica 14.5 19.9 21.0 19.5 17.8
Japan 31.5 31.8 31.4 32.7 33.3
Jordan -15.5 -5.4 -2.1 1.4 4.9
Kazakhstan
Kenya 20.5 17.7 19.2 20.2 17.8
Kiribati -47.3 -52.1 -36.5 -34.7 -45.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 28.5 31.8 34.7 35.7 33.3
Kuwait 29.8 20.3 33.0 20.3 23.3
Kyrgyz Republic 12.4 14.7 13.1
Lao PDR 1.3 2.8 2.3 -4.8
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho -86.9 -78.4 -79.8 -75.0 -66.1
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 34.1 36.0 34.1 36.5 39.6
Macao SAR, China 43.7 44.3 50.6 49.1 49.6
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 0.3 5.6 4.2 6.5 9.6
Malawi 12.9 10.3 14.9 12.2 8.8
Malaysia 29.9 29.4 34.7 33.7 34.2
Maldives
Mali -11.4 -1.3 4.2 3.1 5.7
Malta 11.1 13.9 16.4 16.9 16.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 7.3 6.6 10.8 15.2 11.7
Mauritius 21.5 28.5 27.5 25.9 23.7
Mexico 26.3 22.4 25.4 24.0 22.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 21.3 12.6 9.4 9.2 16.4
Montenegro
Morocco 19.8 19.4 19.0 22.8 21.4
Mozambique -5.1 -2.5 -7.7 -7.8 -9.4
Myanmar 11.5 10.1 8.0 11.1 9.0
Namibia 21.3 18.4 7.9 16.4 18.1
Nepal 14.1 11.6 12.1 11.4 10.3
Netherlands 26.6 27.0 25.6 27.3 28.5
New Caledonia
New Zealand 24.9 25.6 24.9 25.1 24.1
Nicaragua 16.1 8.8 13.8 -13.5 -5.2
Niger 0.6 10.9 7.3 13.8 7.0
Nigeria 20.2 18.6 24.9 20.2 39.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 34.7 29.5 29.3 29.8 30.9
Oman 40.2 30.4 38.6 24.5
Pakistan 5.9 8.0 11.4 9.9 11.0
Palau
Panama 24.3 26.9 27.2 24.1 14.8
Papua New Guinea 9.5 12.0 14.0 18.5 11.1
Paraguay
Peru 46.4 37.2 33.5 39.5 35.0
Philippines 16.5 19.2 17.9 20.1 19.4
Poland
Portugal 18.4 21.1 22.5 22.5 22.3
Puerto Rico 10.7 13.6 15.3 17.0 18.8
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation 34.7
Rwanda 8.2 8.3 4.0 3.5 2.3
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 14.9 10.4 11.4 15.8 15.1
Senegal 5.8 3.6 7.0 3.6 2.9
Serbia
Seychelles -19.2 -19.1 -16.8 -19.3 -15.3
Sierra Leone 9.1 7.5 19.0 20.2 14.6
Singapore 41.4 39.2 39.5 43.0 45.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands -11.1 -19.6 0.3 -3.5 -18.3
Somalia 16.8 2.8 8.8 6.5 -6.9
South Africa 29.4 27.9 25.7 26.4 26.2
South Sudan
Spain 21.7 22.8 22.3 23.2 22.4
Sri Lanka 11.9 12.0 12.8 12.0 12.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 7.8 11.7 13.0 30.9 30.1
St. Lucia 14.6 16.8 13.1 22.2 12.7
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.3 22.0 16.6 23.3 11.5
Sudan 3.4 10.9 9.5 0.4 1.2
Suriname 11.3 21.8 31.4 21.6 30.7
Swaziland -10.0 9.0 14.6 20.1 21.2
Sweden 28.7 28.2 28.2 29.2 30.8
Switzerland 30.3 30.7 30.8 31.9 32.7
Syrian Arab Republic 12.7 12.7 6.0 5.6 12.2
Taiwan, China
Tajikistan 22.6 18.9 18.1 21.1 16.4
Tanzania
Thailand 25.5 27.9 28.4 31.2 32.5
Timor-Leste
Togo 7.9 7.1 8.3 7.1 7.3
Tonga -15.7 -20.0 -11.5 -20.8 -17.3
Trinidad and Tobago 22.9 17.3 20.7 17.7 24.3
Tunisia 24.1 19.5 22.5 21.1 20.6
Turkey 13.4 16.1 23.5 26.2 21.9
Turkmenistan 28.3 29.9 26.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 7.5 6.0 -0.1 0.6 1.0
Ukraine 28.8
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 21.9 20.0 20.6 20.9 21.1
United States 21.5 20.8 20.6 20.7 20.9
Uruguay 17.0 17.1 16.7 19.0 17.9
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 5.5 -1.5 4.6 2.1 7.5
Venezuela, RB 25.2 20.4 23.3 21.2 25.7
Vietnam 4.5 4.8 6.8 4.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 14.1 22.1 16.5 18.2 3.8
Zimbabwe 18.0 20.6 17.7 22.1 16.7

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