Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Equatorial Guinea -146
Seychelles -9 -9 -10 -5 15
Mozambique -6 1 6 8 7
Congo, Rep. -0 9 6 11 31
Sudan 1 7 9 7 24
Gambia, The 1 4
Armenia 2 0 -2 2 4
Kyrgyz Republic 2 14 -8 3 15
Sierra Leone 2 -3 2 1 -9
Vanuatu 2 11 4 4 9
Azerbaijan 3 11 3 13 17
Nicaragua 3 6 11 13 10
Burundi 4 6 1 2 1
Niger 4 4 4 4 5
Cambodia 5 8 6 12 14
Guinea-Bissau 7 14
West Bank and Gaza 7 6 9 9 11
Malawi 7 1 13 4 10
Madagascar 7 7 7 9 9
Senegal 8 11 11 12 14
Suriname 9 7 3 4 -2
Guatemala 10 10 12 12 12
Mali 10 14 14 12 14
Tanzania 10 9 12 10 13
Antigua and Barbuda 10 31 36 36 22
Nigeria 10 14 -2 29
Cote d'Ivoire 10 13 12 13 5
Bulgaria 11 21 25 16 14
St. Lucia 11 13 15 14 15
Djibouti 12 10 11 11 5
Togo 12 5 7 5 5
Costa Rica 12 13 15 12 12
Brazil 13 12 11 11 12
Bolivia 13 13 13 11 11
Lithuania 13 15 13 11 13
Barbados 13 12 15 14 13
Moldova 13 10 6 17 16
El Salvador 13 14 17 15 14
Macedonia, FYR 13 14 16 20 22
Peru 14 16 16 16 16
Dominica 14 14 18 14 2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14 3 6 12 17
Swaziland 14 17 14 13 13
Uruguay 14 14 14 12 11
Cameroon 14 12 16 16 15
Rwanda 14 11 8 5 6
Malta 15 16 13 15 16
Colombia 15 13 13 13 14
Benin 15 16 16 13 14
Oman 16 16 1 12 32
Argentina 16 15 15 14 13
Kenya 16 15 18 22 14
Guinea 16 18 14 15 16
Israel 16 17 17 16 19
Grenada 16 14 10 25 21
St. Kitts and Nevis 17 18 26 25 36
Ecuador 17 17 15 22 26
South Africa 17 16 16 17 16
Dominican Republic 17 18 21 20 18
Croatia 18 16 17 16 19
United Kingdom 18 18 19 17 18
New Zealand 18 19 20
Ghana 18 10 18 9 15
Romania 18 14 11 12 16
Pakistan 18 19 20 19 20
Iceland 18 19 19 17 15
Bahrain 19 17 9 7 26
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19 18 19 19 18
Turkey 19 20 24 20 18
Eritrea 19 36 6 17 16
Kazakhstan 19 16 15 14 20
Mexico 19 19 20 20 21
Albania 19 9 19 18 29
Sri Lanka 19 22 23 24 22
United States 20 21 21 21 21
Canada 20 20 20 21 24
Uganda 20 21 19 17 14
Fiji 20 20 29 21 19
Belarus 20 21 22 22 23
Philippines 20 21 29 36 41
Ukraine 20 19 18 22 24
Nepal 20 19 20 20 22
Vietnam 20 22 24 28 28
Cyprus 21 19 26 19 17
Bangladesh 21 24 25 26 27
Australia 21 22 21 21 21
Poland 21 21 22 21 20
Belize 21 19 16 12 12
Portugal 21 21 22 21 19
Spain 21 22 23 23 23
Greece 21 22 17 18
Paraguay 22 17 21 20 13
France 22 23 24 25 24
Syrian Arab Republic 22 18 22 18 22
Hungary 22 23 23 20 21
Germany 22 22 23 22 22
Italy 22 22 21 21 21
Tunisia 23 22 22 23 22
Morocco 23 23 26 24 24
India 23 26 23 27 25
Chile 23 23 22 21 21
Saudi Arabia 23 24 17 26 29
Mongolia 23 34 24 27 23
Denmark 24 24 24 25 25
Guyana 24 17 13 14 8
Austria 24 24 25 25 25
Finland 24 27 28 30 32
Sweden 24 25 26 26 28
Slovenia 25 26 26 25 26
Yemen, Rep. 25 25 18 26 33
Jamaica 25 23
Honduras 25 28 28 30 20
Luxembourg 26 28 25 26 26
Mauritius 26 27 27 25 26
Trinidad and Tobago 26 19 22 21 23
Panama 26 27 22 20 23
Ireland 26 27 27 26 26
Papua New Guinea 26 15 18 19 32
Russian Federation 27 22 17 28 36
Slovak Republic 27 27 26 25 25
Jordan 27 26 22 25 23
Namibia 27 23 26 22 25
Indonesia 28 29 22 13 25
Netherlands 29 29 28 29 30
Norway 29 31 28 30 36
Venezuela, RB 29 32 26 29 34
Japan 30 30 29 27 28
Czech Republic 30 28 30 28 28
Switzerland 31 33 34 34 36
Korea, Rep. 32 32 34 32 34
Thailand 34 33 32 30 29
Malaysia 37 37 40 38 36
Mauritania 37 26 21
Lesotho 38 26 -19 -0 4
Botswana 39 38 42 37 39
Kuwait 40 43 27 31 50
China 40 41 40 38 36
Gabon 40 41 26 35 42
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42 37 31 36 37
Maldives 44 39 40 36 35
Bahamas, The 44 20 22 27 25
Singapore 49 53 53 50 45
Turkmenistan 50 15
Angola 77 10 3 0 21
Macao SAR, China
Andorra
Chad
Palau
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands 42 38 39
Libya
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9
Liberia
Tonga
Afghanistan
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Kiribati
Puerto Rico
American Samoa
Qatar
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Burkina Faso 8
Iraq
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Somalia
Samoa
South Sudan
San Marino
French Polynesia
Sao Tome and Principe
Ethiopia
Curacao
Estonia 23
Hong Kong SAR, China 29 31 32
Haiti
Cuba
Serbia
Comoros
Algeria
Tajikistan
Guam
Central African Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 17 13
Cayman Islands
Bhutan
Cabo Verde
Belgium
Brunei Darussalam
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Myanmar
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
United Arab Emirates
Greenland
Bermuda
Georgia 1 18 20 22
Uzbekistan
Solomon Islands -14 -4 2 -6
Aruba
Lao PDR 2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Zambia
Latvia 13 19
Lebanon
Zimbabwe

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