Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Equatorial Guinea -74 -146
Seychelles -8 -9 -9 -10 -5
Congo, Rep. -2 -0 9 6 11
Sudan 3 1 7 9 7
Gambia, The -0 1 4
Armenia -9 2 0 -2 2
Kyrgyz Republic 8 2 14 -8 3
Sierra Leone -3 2 -3 2 1
Vanuatu 17 2 11 4 4
Azerbaijan 13 3 11 3 13
Nicaragua 1 3 6 11 13
Burundi 6 4 6 1 2
Niger -1 4 4 4 4
Cambodia 5 5 8 6 12
Guinea-Bissau 10 7 14
West Bank and Gaza 7 7 6 9 9
Malawi 8 7 1 13 4
Mozambique 9 7 13 8 -2
Madagascar 2 7 7 7 9
Senegal 8 8 11 11 12
Suriname 12 9 7 3 4
Barbados 10 10 8 12 11
Guatemala 11 10 10 12 12
Tanzania 7 10 9 12 10
Antigua and Barbuda 31 10 31 36 36
Nigeria 14 10 14 -2
Cote d'Ivoire 12 10 13 11 12
Bulgaria 15 11 21 25 15
St. Lucia 13 11 13 15 14
Lithuania 12 11 14 14 11
Djibouti 12 12 10 11 11
Togo 17 12 5 7 5
Costa Rica 15 12 13 15 12
Latvia 14 12 14 14 15
Mali 15 13 13 13 12
Bolivia 11 13 13 13 11
Moldova 18 13 10 6 17
Macedonia, FYR 13 14 16 20
El Salvador 18 14 14 17 15
Peru 14 14 16 16 16
Dominica 15 14 14 18 14
Swaziland 16 14 17 14 13
Uruguay 14 14 14 14 12
Brazil 16 14 14 13 12
Cameroon 14 14 12 16 16
Rwanda 20 14 11 8 5
Malta 19 15 16 13 15
St. Kitts and Nevis 26 15 25 27 13
Albania 20 15 5 13 16
Colombia 19 15 13 13 13
Benin 16 15 16 16 16
Oman 10 16 16 1 12
Argentina 16 16 15 15 14
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15 16 4 7 14
Kenya 23 16 15 18 22
Guinea 21 16 18 14 15
Israel 13 16 18 17 17
Grenada 23 16 14 10 25
Ecuador 15 17 17 15 22
South Africa 18 17 16 16 17
Cyprus 20 17 15 25 16
New Zealand 19 17 17
United Kingdom 17 17 19 20 17
Dominican Republic 16 17 18 21 20
Croatia 12 18 16 17 16
Ghana 18 18 10 18 9
Romania 19 18 14 10 12
Iceland 18 18 19 19 16
Pakistan 21 18 19 20 19
Bahrain 19 19 17 9 7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22 19 18 19 19
Turkey 22 19 20 24 20
Eritrea 19 19 36 6 17
Kazakhstan 15 19 16 15 14
Mexico 18 19 19 20 20
Sri Lanka 20 19 22 23 24
Luxembourg 19 20 22 19 20
Canada 19 20 20 20 21
Uganda 13 20 21 19 17
Fiji 21 20 20 29 21
Belarus 21 20 21 22 22
Philippines 19 20 21 29 36
Ukraine 23 20 19 18 22
Bangladesh 22 20 23 25 26
Nepal 21 20 19 20 20
Vietnam 20 22 24 28
United States 20 21 22 21 21
Australia 21 21 22 21 21
Poland 21 21 21 22 21
Greece 22 21 22 17
Belize 22 21 19 16 12
Portugal 25 21 21 22 21
Spain 22 21 22 23 23
Paraguay 20 22 17 21 20
France 22 22 23 24 25
Hungary 21 22 23 23 20
Syrian Arab Republic 27 22 18 22 18
Germany 23 22 22 23 22
Italy 22 22 22 21 21
Ethiopia 26 22 14 18 12
Tunisia 20 23 22 22 23
Morocco 21 23 23 26 24
India 26 23 26 23 27
Chile 25 23 23 22 21
Saudi Arabia 20 23 24 17 26
Mongolia 29 23 34 24 27
Denmark 24 24 24 24 25
Guyana 24 24 17 13 14
Austria 25 24 24 25 25
Finland 24 24 27 28 30
Sweden 24 24 25 26 26
Slovenia 24 25 26 26 25
Yemen, Rep. 23 25 25 18 26
Jamaica 25 25 23 19 19
Honduras 27 25 28 28 30
Trinidad and Tobago 27 25 20 23 22
Mauritius 25 26 27 27 25
Panama 30 26 27 22 20
Papua New Guinea 35 26 15 18 19
Ireland 24 26 27 27 26
Russian Federation 28 27 22 17 28
Slovak Republic 29 27 27 26 25
Jordan 29 27 26 22 25
Namibia 30 27 23 26 22
Indonesia 28 28 29 22 13
Norway 26 28 30 26 29
Netherlands 29 29 30 27 29
Venezuela, RB 21 29 32 26 29
Japan 30 30 30 29 27
Czech Republic 31 30 28 30 28
Switzerland 32 31 33 34 34
Korea, Rep. 33 32 32 34 32
Thailand 34 34 33 33 31
Malaysia 34 37 37 40 38
Mauritania 27 37 26 35
Lesotho 37 38 26 -19 -0
Botswana 33 39 38 42 37
Kuwait 38 40 43 27 31
Gabon 33 40 41 26 35
China 42 41 42 40 39
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37 42 38 31 37
Maldives 41 44 39 40 36
Bahamas, The 36 44 20 22 27
Singapore 50 49 53 53 50
Turkmenistan 50 15
Angola 77 10 3 0
Andorra
Chad
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Burkina Faso
Libya
Aruba
Liberia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau
Afghanistan
Comoros 11
Zambia -5 -14 -13
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Guam
Puerto Rico
Qatar
French Polynesia
Lao PDR
Timor-Leste
Bhutan
Macao SAR, China
Monaco
Cabo Verde
Samoa
Algeria
San Marino
Central African Republic
Sao Tome and Principe
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 17
Kosovo
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
Greenland
Serbia
Georgia 1 18 20
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Belgium
Kiribati
Tajikistan
Brunei Darussalam
Faeroe Islands
Tonga
American Samoa
Tuvalu
Estonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Iraq
Cuba
Solomon Islands -14 -4 2
United Arab Emirates
Somalia
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Myanmar
Uzbekistan
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Hong Kong SAR, China 29 31
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Haiti
Cayman Islands
Lebanon
Zimbabwe

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