Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Mozambique -7 -5 -5 -3
Nicaragua -2 -0 4 8
Madagascar -1 0 -1 1
Comoros -0 11 10 12
Central African Republic 2 8 1 7
Uganda 2 10 4 5
Senegal 3 7 8 5
Sierra Leone 3 4 5 4
Benin 4 -3 13 8
Sudan 4 5 4 5
Cameroon 5 11 23 21
Mauritania 5 7 -8 -5
Bangladesh 5 15 16 19
Ghana 6 6 6 4
Zambia 8 1 1 8
Malawi 8 10 13 13
Uruguay 8 17 15 11
Mali 8 6 7 4
Cote d'Ivoire 9 7 8 5
Burkina Faso 9 8 10 11
Mauritius 10 12 14 16
Jamaica 12 11 10 10
Zimbabwe 12 13 11 9
Costa Rica 12 14 13 8
Turkey 13 15 15 13
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 13 21 16 18
Rwanda 13 10 13 12
El Salvador 13 6 10 11
Guyana 13 -3 -7 -12
Honduras 13 11 7 8
Chile 14 8 1 4
Guatemala 14 11 10 9
Liberia 15 7 -6 -15
Dominican Republic 15 18 14 16
Israel 16 13 10 11
Gambia, The 16 24 20 10
St. Lucia 16 12 20 28
India 17 21 21 19
New Zealand 17 19 20 21
Niger 17 10 7 9
Kenya 17 20 15 18
Nepal 17 17 16 15
Ireland 18 15 19 18
Denmark 18 15 15 17
Brazil 18 19 15 13
Morocco 19 17 20 20
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19
United Kingdom 19 18 18 18
Sri Lanka 19 19 22 22
Colombia 20 16 14 14
Germany 20 18 18 18
Papua New Guinea 20 11 11 14
Sweden 20 18 17 19
Somalia 20 9 8 -5
Bolivia 20 24 9 16
Korea, Rep. 20 20 22 24
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21 16 18 27
Spain 21 19 19 19
France 22 19 18 17
Mexico 22 21 21 25
Dominica 22 14 17 24
United States 22 23 22 20
Barbados 22 20 22 22
Ecuador 22 23 15 17
Canada 23 23 20 21
Thailand 23 22 24 23
Austria 23 22 22 19
Netherlands 23 23 23 23
Argentina 23 20 18 19
Antigua and Barbuda 24 26 4 12
Cyprus 24 24 22 19
Philippines 24 24 21 22
Italy 24 22 22 23
Iceland 25 23 20 19
Tunisia 25 25 23 27
Greece 25 22 24 22
Pakistan 26 25 26 30
Congo, Rep. 26 25 39 36
Malaysia 26 22 20 22
Australia 26 26 24 22
Finland 27 26 25 24
Togo 27 20 16 22
Botswana 27 29 27 29
Syrian Arab Republic 28 23 26 22
Panama 28 24 33 32
Peru 28 27 27 20
Portugal 29 25 23 22
Fiji 29 21 18 16
Malta 29 33 31 27
Norway 29 30 28 29
Switzerland 31 32 31 30
Japan 31 31 30 29
Singapore 32 35 38 43
St. Kitts and Nevis 32 25 23 12
Venezuela, RB 33 30 22 18
South Africa 34 27 21 24
Bahamas, The 34 40 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 36 34 19 14
Suriname 37 38 32 -1
Bulgaria 38 36 35 33
Kiribati 38 39 52 80
Oman 39 42 33 33
Algeria 41 39 37 38
Jordan 44 43 30 23
Gabon 48 49 47 42
Lesotho 50 38 50 44
Saudi Arabia 53 49 36 28
Bahrain 54 54 48 44
Kuwait 69 72 48 51
Cayman Islands
Libya
Liechtenstein
Tonga 24 50 21
Lithuania
Serbia
Luxembourg
Burundi
Macao SAR, China
Ukraine
Macedonia, FYR
San Marino
Azerbaijan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Croatia
Cambodia
Kyrgyz Republic
Cuba
Maldives
Turkmenistan
Lao PDR
Albania
Kosovo
Belize
Marshall Islands
Afghanistan
Aruba
Andorra
Armenia
Slovenia
Belarus
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cabo Verde
Moldova
Hong Kong SAR, China
Monaco
Timor-Leste
Mongolia 22 31 21
Faeroe Islands
Montenegro
Tuvalu
Curacao
Grenada
Georgia
Vanuatu 13
Myanmar
Russian Federation
Namibia
Samoa
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe
French Polynesia
Angola
New Caledonia
Seychelles
Belgium
Indonesia 29 24 26
Vietnam
Slovak Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Solomon Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Eritrea
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Kazakhstan
Hungary 25 25
Bhutan
St. Martin (French part)
Haiti
American Samoa
Tanzania
Swaziland
Czech Republic
Estonia
Palau
Tajikistan
Isle of Man
Ethiopia 13 13 13
Chad 3 8
Guinea-Bissau -15 -11
Paraguay
Guinea
Djibouti
Brunei Darussalam
Iraq
Turks and Caicos Islands
Poland
Guam
Equatorial Guinea
United Arab Emirates
Puerto Rico
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Qatar
Uzbekistan
Romania
Greenland
China 36 36
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Nigeria 27 25 21
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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