Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Seychelles -9 -12 -22 -20 -15
Mozambique -7 -5 -5 -3 1
Nicaragua -2 -0 4 8 6
Madagascar -1 0 -1 1 2
Comoros -0 11 10 12 24
Central African Republic 2 8 1 7 7
Uganda 2 10 4 5 8
Senegal 3 7 8 5 5
Sierra Leone 3 4 5 4 11
Benin 4 -3 13 8 8
Sudan 4 5 4 5 -0
Cameroon 5 11 23 21 25
Mauritania 5 7 -8 -5 3
Bangladesh 5 15 16 19 15
Ghana 6 6 6 4 7
Zambia 8 1 1 8 5
Malawi 8 10 13 13 13
Uruguay 8 17 15 11 10
Mali 8 6 7 4 3
Cote d'Ivoire 9 7 8 5 14
Burkina Faso 9 8 10 11 12
Mauritius 10 12 14 16 17
Jamaica 12 11 10 10 11
Zimbabwe 12 13 11 9 17
Costa Rica 12 14 13 8 11
Turkey 13 15 15 13 13
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 13 21 16 18 28
Rwanda 13 10 13 12 15
El Salvador 13 6 10 11 10
Guyana 13 -3 -7 -12 4
Honduras 13 11 7 8 9
Chile 14 8 1 4 2
Guatemala 14 11 10 9 8
Liberia 15 7 -6 -15 -8
Dominican Republic 15 18 14 16 16
Israel 16 13 10 11 14
Gambia, The 16 24 20 10 12
St. Lucia 16 12 20 28 20
India 17 21 21 19 21
New Zealand 17 19 20 21 20
Niger 17 10 7 9 2
Kenya 17 20 15 18 14
Nepal 17 17 16 15 16
Brazil 18 19 15 13 16
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19
Sri Lanka 19 19 22 22 25
Colombia 20 17 14 14 15
Denmark 20 17 17 19 21
Papua New Guinea 20 11 11 14 18
Somalia 20 9 8 -5 17
Ireland 20 18 21 20 19
Bolivia 20 24 9 16 12
Korea, Rep. 20 20 22 24 26
United Kingdom 21 20 19 20 20
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21 16 18 27 24
Spain 21 19 19 19 20
Mexico 22 21 21 25 23
Germany 22 20 20 20 21
Dominica 22 14 17 24 22
Barbados 22 20 22 22 21
Ecuador 22 23 15 17 16
Morocco 23 20 21 20 22
Canada 23 23 20 21 21
Thailand 23 22 24 23 24
Argentina 23 20 18 19 18
United States 23 25 22 21 25
Antigua and Barbuda 24 26 4 12 21
Cyprus 24 24 22 19 22
Philippines 24 24 21 22 16
France 24 22 21 20 20
Italy 25 22 22 23 23
Tunisia 25 25 23 27 26
Austria 25 24 24 22 23
Netherlands 25 25 25 25 28
Pakistan 26 25 26 30 27
Sweden 26 23 22 24 26
Congo, Rep. 26 25 39 36 40
Malaysia 26 22 20 22 25
Australia 27 27 25 23 24
Iceland 27 24 22 20 20
Togo 27 20 16 22 18
Botswana 27 29 27 29 25
Syrian Arab Republic 28 23 26 22 24
Panama 28 24 33 32 20
Fiji 29 21 18 16 17
Malta 29 33 31 27 28
Greece 29 25 28 26 27
Norway 29 30 28 29 31
Portugal 30 26 25 23 20
Finland 30 29 28 27 29
Japan 31 31 30 29 30
Singapore 32 35 38 43 45
Switzerland 32 34 33 32 34
St. Kitts and Nevis 32 25 23 12 19
Venezuela, RB 33 30 22 18 22
South Africa 34 27 21 24 23
Bahamas, The 34 40 35 25 8
Trinidad and Tobago 36 34 19 14 18
Suriname 37 38 32 -1 6
Bulgaria 38 36 35 33 35
Kiribati 38 39 52 80 65
Oman 39 42 33 33 33
Algeria 41 39 37 38 31
Jordan 44 43 30 23 23
Gabon 48 49 47 42 44
Lesotho 50 38 50 44 39
Saudi Arabia 53 49 36 28 23
Bahrain 54 54 48 44 41
Peru 56 51 52 48 45
Kuwait 69 72 48 51 53
Solomon Islands
Liechtenstein
Tajikistan
Lithuania
Belize 23
Luxembourg
St. Martin (French part)
Macao SAR, China
Guam
Macedonia, FYR
Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Belarus
Azerbaijan
Chad 3 8 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Swaziland
Maldives
Hungary
Faeroe Islands
Libya
French Polynesia
Russian Federation
Marshall Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Kazakhstan
Angola
Aruba
Slovak Republic
Ethiopia 16 15 15 21
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Iraq
Moldova
American Samoa
Monaco
Indonesia 29 24 26 25
Mongolia 22 31 21 20
Cabo Verde
Montenegro
Hong Kong SAR, China
Estonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Armenia
Vietnam
Myanmar
Namibia
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Eritrea
San Marino
Equatorial Guinea
Kyrgyz Republic
New Caledonia
Serbia
Djibouti
Andorra
Czech Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Slovenia
Nigeria 27 25 21 16
China 36 36 36
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Kosovo
Bermuda
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
Guinea-Bissau -15 -11 -4
Bhutan
Palau
Greenland
Afghanistan
Cambodia
Croatia
Grenada
Paraguay
Tanzania
Lao PDR 5
Timor-Leste
Ukraine
Tonga 24 50 21 20
Brunei Darussalam
Burundi
Albania 30
Turkmenistan
Vanuatu 13 21
Tuvalu
Belgium
Poland
United Arab Emirates
Georgia
Haiti
Puerto Rico
Uzbekistan
Qatar
Guinea
Romania
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cuba
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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