Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Solomon Islands -49 -33 -35 -30 -40
Seychelles -12 -22 -20 -15 -15
Mozambique -5 -5 -3 1 -4
Benin -3 13 8 8 3
Guyana -3 -7 -12 4 6
Nicaragua -0 4 8 6 13
Madagascar 0 -1 1 2 -0
Sierra Leone 4 5 4 11 8
Sudan 5 4 5 -0 3
Ghana 6 6 4 7 8
El Salvador 6 10 11 10 9
Barbados 7 8 8 7 8
Senegal 7 8 5 5 4
Cote d'Ivoire 7 8 5 14 14
Mauritania 7 -8 -5 3 16
Chile 8 1 4 2 8
Central African Republic 8 1 7 7 11
Burkina Faso 8 10 11 12 19
Rwanda 10 13 12 15 15
Uganda 10 4 5 8 7
Malawi 10 13 13 13 11
Niger 10 7 9 2 8
Cameroon 11 23 21 25 23
Guatemala 11 10 9 8 9
Jamaica 11 10 10 11 14
Papua New Guinea 11 11 14 18 12
Comoros 11 10 12 24 26
Honduras 11 7 8 9 12
Mauritius 12 14 16 17 21
St. Lucia 12 20 28 20 24
Israel 13 10 11 14 21
Zimbabwe 13 11 9 17 16
Dominica 14 17 24 22 21
Costa Rica 14 13 8 11 11
Bangladesh 14 16 19 16 15
Turkey 15 15 13 13 14
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 16 12 14 18 23
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16 18 27 24 18
Colombia 17 14 14 15 17
Nepal 17 16 15 16 19
Uruguay 17 15 11 10 10
Denmark 17 17 19 21 21
Ireland 18 21 20 19 18
Dominican Republic 18 14 16 16 9
Brazil 19 15 13 16 19
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 19
Spain 19 19 19 20 21
Sri Lanka 19 22 22 25 19
Kenya 20 15 18 14 20
Korea, Rep. 20 22 24 26 26
Togo 20 16 22 18 13
Germany 20 20 20 21 21
Argentina 20 18 19 18
New Zealand 20 21 22 21 19
Morocco 20 21 20 22 22
St. Kitts and Nevis 21 21 13 15 15
India 21 21 19 21 22
Mexico 21 21 25 23 22
Fiji 21 18 16 17 21
France 22 21 20 20 20
Malaysia 22 21 22 26 23
Thailand 22 24 23 24 24
Mongolia 22 31 21 20 19
Italy 22 22 23 23 22
Ecuador 23 15 17 16 17
Canada 23 20 20 21 21
Syrian Arab Republic 23 26 22 24 23
Sweden 23 22 24 26 27
United States 23 22 20 22 20
Panama 24 33 32 20 23
Bolivia 24 9 16 12 9
Cyprus 24 22 19 22 21
Philippines 24 21 22 16 13
Gambia, The 24 20 10 12 23
Austria 24 24 22 23 24
Tonga 24 50 21 20 29
Iceland 25 22 21 20 19
Tunisia 25 23 27 26 24
Congo, Rep. 25 39 36 40 25
Australia 25 25 22 23 23
Netherlands 25 25 25 28 26
Greece 25 28 26 27 27
Pakistan 25 26 30 27 24
Antigua and Barbuda 26 4 12 21 16
Portugal 26 25 23 20 22
Nigeria 27 25 21 16 16
South Africa 27 21 24 23 25
Indonesia 29 24 26 25 25
Finland 29 28 27 29 27
Botswana 29 27 29 25 32
Venezuela, RB 30 22 18 22 21
Trinidad and Tobago 31 17 15 16 21
Norway 31 30 30 33 32
Japan 31 30 29 30 32
Malta 33 31 27 28 24
Switzerland 34 33 32 34 34
Singapore 35 38 43 45 41
Bulgaria 36 35 33 35 32
Lesotho 38 50 44 39 37
Suriname 38 32 -1 6 11
Algeria 39 37 38 31 29
Kiribati 39 52 80 65 26
Bahamas, The 40 35 25 8 14
Oman 42 33 33 33 28
Jordan 43 30 23 23 14
Saudi Arabia 48 36 28 23 17
Gabon 49 47 42 44 37
Peru 51 52 48 45 47
Bahrain 54 48 44 41 36
Kuwait 72 48 51 53 44
China 35 35 35 34
Luxembourg
Samoa
Macao SAR, China
Belgium
Macedonia, FYR
Cuba
Liechtenstein
Swaziland
Libya
Angola 0
Liberia
Djibouti
Maldives
Croatia
Mali -3
St. Martin (French part)
Yemen, Rep.
Tajikistan
Marshall Islands
Armenia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
American Samoa
Uzbekistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Czech Republic
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Slovak Republic
Moldova
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Kazakhstan
Burundi 10
Montenegro
Bhutan
Isle of Man
Belize 23 20
Iraq
Azerbaijan
Myanmar
Turks and Caicos Islands
Namibia
United Arab Emirates
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Lithuania
Hungary
San Marino
New Caledonia
Equatorial Guinea
Hong Kong SAR, China
Serbia
Haiti
Curacao
Guinea-Bissau -15 -11 -4 -4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guinea
Slovenia
Northern Mariana Islands
Somalia
Guam
South Sudan
Grenada
Chad 3 8 7 1
Greenland
Cambodia
Palau
Cabo Verde
Georgia
Brunei Darussalam
French Polynesia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Paraguay
Bermuda
Faroe Islands
Tanzania
Ethiopia
Timor-Leste
Poland
Belarus
Estonia
Aruba
Puerto Rico
Turkmenistan
Qatar
Tuvalu
Romania
Ukraine
Russian Federation
Andorra
Eritrea
Albania 30 31
Kyrgyz Republic
Vanuatu 13 21 19
Lao PDR 5 3
Vietnam
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan
Zambia
Lebanon

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