Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Nepal 0.39 0.40 0.41 0.44 0.45
Benin 0.46 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.48
Guinea-Bissau 0.46 0.46 0.48 0.50 0.51
Bhutan 0.47 0.49 0.50 0.53
Guinea 0.49 0.49 0.48 0.48 0.46
Afghanistan 0.24 0.51 0.48 0.49
Pakistan 0.51 0.52 0.51 0.51 0.52
Gambia, The 0.53 0.54 0.56 0.59 0.61
Somalia 0.55 0.54 0.53 0.54 0.52
Central African Republic 0.57 0.57 0.53 0.56 0.56
Oman 0.54 0.57 0.63 0.69 0.76
Ethiopia 0.55 0.57 0.60 0.62 0.65
Niger 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.58 0.59
Mali 0.58 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.61
Burkina Faso 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60
Burundi 0.64 0.61 0.63 0.65 0.68
Morocco 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.63 0.64
Togo 0.64 0.64 0.65 0.64 0.62
Mauritania 0.57 0.64 0.66 0.68 0.69
Sierra Leone 0.68 0.66 0.66 0.67 0.67
Senegal 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.68 0.68
Cote d'Ivoire 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.70
India 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.69 0.70
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.71 0.74 0.77 0.80
Bangladesh 0.70 0.71 0.61 0.70 0.69
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.71 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.71 0.72 0.74 0.75 0.65
Djibouti 0.73 0.74 0.74 0.73
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.95 0.74 0.98 0.86
Uganda 0.75 0.75 0.77 0.78 0.79
Mozambique 0.74 0.75 0.74 0.75 0.77
Algeria 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.79
Tunisia 0.73 0.76 0.78 0.80 0.82
Malawi 0.75 0.77 0.79 0.80 0.81
Solomon Islands 0.76 0.78 0.79
Nigeria 0.80 0.79 0.78 0.78 0.81
Papua New Guinea 0.77 0.80 0.82
Syrian Arab Republic 0.78 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.86
Ghana 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.80
China 0.86 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.82
Cameroon 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84
Turkey 0.84 0.86 0.88 0.90
Lao PDR 0.85 0.86 0.75 0.79
Angola 0.87 0.83
Guatemala 0.85 0.87 0.86 0.85
Haiti 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.87
Bahrain 0.89 0.88 0.94 0.96 1.00
Zambia 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89
Indonesia 0.88 0.90 0.94 0.95 0.95
Myanmar 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.91
Qatar 0.97 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.99
Rwanda 0.92 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.95
Zimbabwe 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.95
Tanzania 0.91 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00
Iraq 0.91 0.94 0.92 0.89 0.86
Peru 0.96 0.94 0.96
Paraguay 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
Lebanon 0.94 0.92 0.92
Kenya 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.96
Grenada 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.94
Congo, Rep. 0.94 0.95 0.96 0.95 0.96
Cuba 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.94
Suriname 0.95 0.98
French Polynesia 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.96
Tonga 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.99
Chile 0.97 0.96 0.97 0.96 0.96
Madagascar 0.96 0.96 0.88 0.93
Panama 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.95
Albania 0.95 0.96 0.98 0.96 0.97
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.96 0.94
Sri Lanka 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96
Cabo Verde 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.99 0.99
Bermuda 0.96 0.97 0.98 1.02 1.01
Mongolia 0.95 0.97 0.98 0.97 0.97
Guyana 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.99
Gabon 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Mexico 0.98 0.98 0.96 0.96 0.97
Barbados 1.01 0.98 0.95 1.00 0.96
New Zealand 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Brunei Darussalam 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.97
Mauritius 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
France 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
El Salvador 0.99 0.98 0.99 1.00
Costa Rica 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
United Arab Emirates 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Dominica 1.09 0.98 0.98
Canada 1.00 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98
Kiribati 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Malta 0.97 0.99 0.96 0.98 0.93
Swaziland 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Australia 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.99
Austria 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Malaysia 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Estonia 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98
United States 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.99 1.00
Argentina 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.01
Kuwait 0.95 0.99 1.02 1.03 1.01
Honduras 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.01 1.01
Spain 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Belgium 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01
Greece 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Philippines 0.99 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00
Italy 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Bulgaria 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sweden 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Norway 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Denmark 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Portugal 0.96 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.95
Finland 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
United Kingdom 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Luxembourg 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Trinidad and Tobago 1.02 1.01 1.03 1.01 1.02
Ireland 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Korea, Rep. 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Czech Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 0.97 0.97
Switzerland 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.01
Cyprus 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99
Seychelles 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.04 1.04
Jordan 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.05
Netherlands 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
St. Lucia 1.08 1.02 1.02 1.00 1.00
Colombia 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03
Samoa 1.02 1.04 1.04
Bahamas, The 1.05 1.02 1.01
Nicaragua 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.11
Botswana 1.18 1.15 1.15 1.13 1.11
Lesotho 1.39 1.34 1.31 1.28 1.27
Ukraine
Croatia
Cambodia
Slovenia
Namibia
Timor-Leste
Moldova 0.99
Vietnam 0.92 0.95
Equatorial Guinea
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Greenland
Macedonia, FYR
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Uruguay 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Macao SAR, China
American Samoa
Lithuania 0.99
Azerbaijan
Northern Mariana Islands
Maldives
Liechtenstein
Iceland 1.00 1.00
Brazil
Aruba
Montenegro
Dominican Republic 1.09 1.03
Palau
Tuvalu
Libya 0.93 0.93
Fiji 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Vanuatu 0.94
Bolivia 0.86 0.89 0.92
West Bank and Gaza
Liberia
Chad 0.38
Jamaica 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Africa
Isle of Man
Kazakhstan
Poland
Israel 1.01 1.02 1.03
Comoros 0.72 0.75 0.89
St. Martin (French part)
Puerto Rico
Sudan
Belize
Curacao
Romania
Guam
Russian Federation 1.00
Tajikistan
Latvia
Thailand 0.96
Georgia 0.98
Armenia
Turkmenistan
Germany
San Marino
Antigua and Barbuda 0.86
Sao Tome and Principe 0.98 0.97
Turks and Caicos Islands
Saudi Arabia
Andorra 0.96
Belarus
Ecuador 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.99
Serbia
Faeroe Islands
Kyrgyz Republic 0.98
Uzbekistan 0.97
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Venezuela, RB 1.03 1.00 0.99
Singapore
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Yemen, Rep.
Slovak Republic
Eritrea

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