Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Nepal 0.39 0.40 0.41 0.44 0.45
Benin 0.46 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.48
Guinea 0.49 0.49 0.48 0.48 0.46
Guinea-Bissau 0.46 0.46 0.48 0.50 0.51
Bhutan 0.47 0.49 0.50 0.53
Pakistan 0.51 0.52 0.51 0.51 0.52
Somalia 0.55 0.54 0.53 0.54 0.52
Central African Republic 0.57 0.57 0.53 0.56 0.56
Gambia, The 0.53 0.54 0.56 0.59 0.61
Mali 0.58 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.61
Burkina Faso 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60
Niger 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.58 0.59
Ethiopia 0.55 0.57 0.60 0.62 0.65
Bangladesh 0.70 0.71 0.61 0.70 0.69
Oman 0.54 0.57 0.63 0.69 0.76
Morocco 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.63 0.64
Burundi 0.64 0.61 0.63 0.65 0.68
Togo 0.64 0.64 0.65 0.64 0.62
Mauritania 0.57 0.64 0.66 0.68 0.69
Sierra Leone 0.68 0.66 0.66 0.67 0.67
Senegal 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.68 0.68
Cote d'Ivoire 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.70
India 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.69 0.70
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.71 0.74 0.77 0.80
Djibouti 0.73 0.74 0.74 0.73
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.71 0.72 0.74 0.75 0.65
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.71 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78
Mozambique 0.74 0.75 0.74 0.75 0.77
Algeria 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.79
Uganda 0.75 0.75 0.77 0.78 0.79
Tunisia 0.73 0.76 0.78 0.80 0.82
Nigeria 0.80 0.79 0.78 0.78 0.81
Malawi 0.75 0.77 0.79 0.80 0.81
Solomon Islands 0.76 0.78 0.79
China 0.86 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.82
Ghana 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.80
Syrian Arab Republic 0.78 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.86
Angola 0.87 0.83
Cameroon 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84
Guatemala 0.85 0.87 0.86 0.85
Madagascar 0.96 0.96 0.88 0.93
Haiti 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.87
Bolivia 0.86 0.89 0.92
Zambia 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89
Myanmar 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.91
Iraq 0.91 0.94 0.92 0.89 0.86
Lebanon 0.94 0.92 0.92
Libya 0.93 0.93
Rwanda 0.92 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.95
Paraguay 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
Zimbabwe 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.95
Qatar 0.97 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.99
French Polynesia 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.96
Kenya 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.96
Indonesia 0.88 0.90 0.94 0.95 0.95
Bahrain 0.89 0.88 0.94 0.96 1.00
Cuba 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.94
Barbados 1.01 0.98 0.95 1.00 0.96
Grenada 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.94
Panama 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.95
Tonga 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.99
Cabo Verde 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.99 0.99
Congo, Rep. 0.94 0.95 0.96 0.95 0.96
Mexico 0.98 0.98 0.96 0.96 0.97
Andorra 0.96
Malta 0.97 0.99 0.96 0.98 0.93
Sri Lanka 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96
Tanzania 0.91 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00
Chile 0.97 0.96 0.97 0.96 0.96
Brunei Darussalam 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.97
Canada 1.00 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98
Sao Tome and Principe 0.98 0.97
Gabon 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
United States 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.99 1.00
Albania 0.95 0.96 0.98 0.96 0.97
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
New Zealand 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Costa Rica 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Swaziland 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Bermuda 0.96 0.97 0.98 1.02 1.01
Ecuador 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.99
France 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Mongolia 0.95 0.97 0.98 0.97 0.97
United Arab Emirates 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Kiribati 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Fiji 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Australia 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.99
Mauritius 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Malaysia 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Estonia 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98
Uruguay 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
El Salvador 0.99 0.98 0.99 1.00
Austria 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Spain 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Finland 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
Philippines 0.99 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00
Luxembourg 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Italy 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Cyprus 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99
Bulgaria 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Norway 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Greece 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sweden 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Iceland 1.00 1.00
Portugal 0.96 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.95
United Kingdom 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Denmark 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Ireland 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Belgium 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01
Honduras 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.01 1.01
Korea, Rep. 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Czech Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 0.97 0.97
Israel 1.01 1.02 1.03
Switzerland 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.01
Jamaica 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
St. Lucia 1.08 1.02 1.02 1.00 1.00
Bahamas, The 1.05 1.02 1.01
Netherlands 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Kuwait 0.95 0.99 1.02 1.03 1.01
Seychelles 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.04 1.04
Colombia 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03
Trinidad and Tobago 1.02 1.01 1.03 1.01 1.02
Jordan 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.05
Venezuela, RB 1.03 1.00 0.99
Samoa 1.02 1.04 1.04
Nicaragua 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.11
Dominican Republic 1.09 1.03
Botswana 1.18 1.15 1.15 1.13 1.11
Lesotho 1.39 1.34 1.31 1.28 1.27
Maldives
Montenegro
Namibia
Aruba
Belarus
Antigua and Barbuda 0.86
Monaco
Singapore
New Caledonia
Brazil
Moldova 0.99
Tajikistan
Belize
Turkey 0.84 0.86 0.88 0.90
Macedonia, FYR
Georgia 0.98
Macao SAR, China
Slovak Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
South Africa
Lithuania 0.99
Sudan
Vietnam 0.92 0.95
Bosnia and Herzegovina
West Bank and Gaza
Thailand 0.96
Liechtenstein
Marshall Islands
Guyana 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.99
Turks and Caicos Islands
Papua New Guinea 0.77 0.80 0.82
Germany
Liberia
Kyrgyz Republic 0.98
Peru 0.96 0.94 0.96
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Comoros 0.72 0.75 0.89
Slovenia
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.95 0.74 0.98 0.86
Armenia
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Poland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Afghanistan 0.24 0.51 0.48 0.49
Greenland
Puerto Rico
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.96 0.94
Eritrea
Suriname 0.95 0.98
Romania
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation 1.00
Argentina 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.01
Equatorial Guinea
Dominica 1.09 0.98 0.98
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Guam
Croatia
Cambodia
Isle of Man
Uzbekistan 0.97
Turkmenistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Tuvalu
San Marino
Ukraine
Latvia
Chad 0.38
Saudi Arabia
Cayman Islands
Lao PDR 0.85 0.86 0.75 0.79
Vanuatu 0.94
Serbia
Azerbaijan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Palau
Yemen, Rep.
Faeroe Islands
Curacao

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