Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Guinea 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.49 0.51
Chad 0.46 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.49
Benin 0.49 0.50 0.51 0.54 0.55
Guinea-Bissau 0.55 0.55 0.56 0.58
Mali 0.61 0.61 0.62 0.64 0.69
Niger 0.60 0.61 0.61 0.58 0.63
Nepal 0.62 0.65 0.66 0.68 0.69
Burkina Faso 0.64 0.65 0.65 0.66 0.66
Central African Republic 0.64 0.66
Togo 0.65 0.66 0.66 0.68
Gambia, The 0.69 0.71 0.73 0.75
Morocco 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.73 0.74
Cote d'Ivoire 0.71 0.71 0.71 0.72 0.73
Ethiopia 0.67 0.73 0.70 0.63 0.60
Djibouti 0.72 0.73 0.78 0.78 0.78
Mozambique 0.74 0.74 0.73 0.71 0.71
Bhutan 0.60 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.78
Senegal 0.74 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.77
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.75 0.76 0.78 0.75 0.69
India 0.76 0.77 0.80 0.81 0.81
Mauritania 0.75 0.78 0.82 0.84 0.84
Uganda 0.82 0.79 0.80 0.93 0.84
Lao PDR 0.79 0.80 0.79 0.79 0.81
Burundi 0.84 0.82 0.82 0.80
Nigeria 0.81 0.82 0.81 0.82 0.83
Solomon Islands 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.87
Papua New Guinea 0.85 0.85 0.86 0.86 0.87
Comoros 0.73 0.85 0.88 0.83
Algeria 0.85 0.86 0.86 0.88 0.88
Angola 0.91 0.86
Eritrea 0.96 0.86 0.82 0.81 0.81
Guatemala 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.84 0.86 0.87 0.85 0.89
Iraq 0.85 0.86 0.86
Malawi 0.86 0.86 0.94 0.95 0.90
Ghana 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.90
Tunisia 0.88 0.89 0.90 0.91 0.92
Guyana 0.91 0.89 0.90 0.95
Syrian Arab Republic 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91
Turkey 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.92 0.92
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.90 0.92 0.93 0.93 0.93
Madagascar 0.98 0.92 0.96 0.97 1.04
Antigua and Barbuda 0.92
Cameroon 0.86 0.92 0.90 0.90
China 0.91 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.95
Oman 0.92 0.93 0.95 0.98 0.99
St. Lucia 0.95 0.93 0.93
Qatar 0.94 0.93 0.96 0.96 0.99
Bolivia 0.93 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.96
Myanmar 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
Congo, Rep. 0.92 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.85
Lithuania 0.93 0.94 0.95 0.92 0.97
Brunei Darussalam 0.94 0.95 0.97 0.97 0.97
Belize 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.96
Vanuatu 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.97
Haiti 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.95
Kuwait 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.98 1.04
Chile 0.96 0.96 0.96
Portugal 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.95
Macao SAR, China 0.96 0.96 0.96
Paraguay 0.97 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.97
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.99 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.01
Sao Tome and Principe 0.92 0.97
Sri Lanka 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Tanzania 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98
Mexico 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
United Arab Emirates 0.96 0.97 0.99 0.98 0.98
Kenya 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.98
Peru 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Estonia 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.97
Tajikistan 0.98 0.98 0.96 0.97 0.97
Poland 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.98 1.00 0.99
Rwanda 0.99 0.98
Thailand 0.98 0.98 0.98
Swaziland 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.97
Malta 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.97
Venezuela, RB 0.99 0.98 0.98
France 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Uruguay 0.99 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Canada 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Cuba 0.97 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Costa Rica 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Spain 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Zimbabwe 0.97 0.99 0.97
El Salvador 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.98
Uzbekistan 0.98 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.96
Seychelles 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.01 1.02
New Zealand 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00
Fiji 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
Hungary 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.99
Indonesia 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.97
Slovak Republic 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Austria 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99
Cyprus 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Georgia 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.93 0.98
Moldova 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99
Australia 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Maldives 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.97
Finland 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Gabon 1.00 1.00 1.00
Philippines 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.02 0.99
Denmark 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Italy 1.00 1.00 1.03 1.04 0.99
Kiribati 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.03
Trinidad and Tobago 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Norway 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Russian Federation 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
Romania 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Albania 0.99 1.00 1.02 0.97 0.96
United Kingdom 1.01 1.00
Barbados 1.00
Ireland 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Azerbaijan 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.96 1.14
Lebanon 1.00 1.00 0.99
Sweden 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.01
Tonga 1.00 1.01 1.01 0.98 0.99
Mongolia 0.99 1.01 1.01 1.04 1.03
Latvia 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.97
Bahamas, The 1.01 1.02 1.00
Dominica 0.98 1.01 1.07 1.11 1.14
Suriname 1.02 1.01 0.98 1.03
Israel 1.03 1.01 1.01 1.00
Greece 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.03
Honduras 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Bahrain 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.01
Belgium 1.01 1.01 0.99 0.99 0.99
Kyrgyz Republic 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.01
Mauritius 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Germany 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Korea, Rep. 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.02
Switzerland 1.01 1.01 0.99 1.00 1.00
Jordan 1.01 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01
Netherlands 1.03 1.02 1.03 0.98 0.98
Namibia 1.04 1.02 1.01 1.00 0.99
Armenia 1.05 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.02
Kazakhstan 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.01 1.00
Botswana 1.07 1.05 1.04 1.03 1.01
Nicaragua 1.07 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.04
Colombia 1.02 1.06 1.02 0.99 0.99
Czech Republic 1.01 1.17 1.01 1.00 1.00
Lesotho 1.26 1.23 1.20 1.17 1.15
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Jamaica 1.00 0.97
Bermuda 1.00
New Caledonia
Pakistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Panama
South Africa 0.99 0.97 0.98
Isle of Man
Curacao
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.99 0.95
Iceland 1.00 1.00 1.00
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.00
Cabo Verde 1.00 0.98
Liechtenstein
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guam
Belarus 0.99 0.99 0.96
Grenada 0.99 0.94 0.93
Bangladesh
Puerto Rico
Slovenia 0.99 1.00 1.00
Greenland
Somalia
Afghanistan 0.55 0.35 0.50 0.51
South Sudan
Montenegro
French Polynesia
Croatia 1.01 1.00 1.00
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Sudan
United States 0.99 0.98 0.99 0.99
Libya
Luxembourg 1.08
Vietnam 0.99 0.99
Cambodia 0.83 0.82
West Bank and Gaza 0.99
Brazil
Zambia 0.92 0.92
Timor-Leste
Malaysia
Macedonia, FYR 0.99 0.99 0.99
Sierra Leone 0.69
Liberia
Singapore
Turkmenistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Dominican Republic
Ukraine 1.00 1.00
Samoa 1.02 1.03
San Marino
Argentina 0.99
Aruba
Faroe Islands
Saudi Arabia
Andorra
Equatorial Guinea 0.94 0.96
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Serbia
Yemen, Rep.
Ecuador 0.99 0.99 0.99
American Samoa

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