Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 0.08 0.00
Albania 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.98
Algeria 0.89 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.92
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.82
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.98
Armenia 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.00
Aruba 0.98 0.97
Australia 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.02
Austria 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Azerbaijan 1.10 0.99 0.99 1.00 0.98
Bahamas, The 1.04 1.00 1.00 0.97
Bahrain 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99
Bangladesh
Barbados 0.98 0.98
Belarus 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.99 0.99
Belgium 0.99 0.99 0.99
Belize 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.95
Benin 0.57 0.59 0.62 0.64 0.67
Bermuda 1.00
Bhutan 0.80 0.82 0.83 0.85 0.87
Bolivia 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.98
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.96
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97
Burkina Faso 0.67 0.69 0.70 0.71
Burundi 0.85 0.84 0.81 0.78 0.79
Cabo Verde 0.97 0.97 0.98
Cambodia 0.83 0.84 0.87 0.88
Cameroon 0.86 0.87 0.83 0.82 0.85
Canada 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad 0.50 0.53 0.55 0.59 0.61
Chile 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.97
China 0.96 0.98 0.99
Colombia 1.00 0.97 1.00 1.00
Comoros 0.86 0.86 0.86
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.75 0.91
Congo, Rep. 0.94 0.90 0.90 0.96 0.92
Costa Rica 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97
Cote d'Ivoire 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.75 0.75
Croatia 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Cuba 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96
Curacao
Cyprus 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Czech Republic 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00
Denmark 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Djibouti 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.72 0.74
Dominica 1.03 1.02
Dominican Republic 0.97 0.98 0.97
Ecuador 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.76 0.88 0.92 0.93
El Salvador 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.95
Equatorial Guinea 0.82
Eritrea 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.83
Estonia 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Ethiopia 0.58 0.57 0.59 0.61 0.66
Faroe Islands
Fiji 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98
Finland 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
France 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
French Polynesia
Gabon 1.00 1.00 1.00
Gambia, The 0.78 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.87
Georgia 1.01 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99
Germany 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Ghana 0.92 0.93
Greece 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Greenland
Grenada 0.98 0.99 0.93 0.97 0.97
Guam
Guatemala 0.86 0.86 0.87 0.87 0.90
Guinea 0.53 0.56 0.59 0.62 0.67
Guinea-Bissau 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.67
Guyana 1.01 1.05 1.04 0.98
Haiti 0.95 0.96 0.98
Honduras 1.02 1.02 1.04 1.01 1.01
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.97
Hungary 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Iceland 1.01 1.01 0.99 0.98 0.98
India 0.82 0.83 0.83 0.84 0.84
Indonesia 0.96 0.96 0.94 0.97 0.97
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94
Iraq 0.86 0.83 0.83
Ireland 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Isle of Man
Israel 0.99 0.99
Italy 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
Jamaica 1.00 1.00
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Jordan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Kazakhstan 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.01
Kenya 0.98 0.97 0.99
Kiribati 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03 0.99
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.01
Kuwait 1.00 1.06 1.08 1.06 1.04
Kyrgyz Republic 0.97 0.95 0.94 0.99 0.98
Lao PDR 0.81 0.82 0.83 0.85 0.85
Latvia 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Lebanon 0.99 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Lesotho 1.14 1.11 1.11 1.10 1.05
Liberia 0.65 0.75 0.74
Libya 0.99
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.99
Luxembourg 1.01 1.01
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99
Madagascar 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.96
Malawi 0.91 0.95 0.95
Malaysia
Maldives 0.97 0.97 1.01 1.01 1.00
Mali 0.67 0.67 0.71 0.72 0.75
Malta 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.01
Marshall Islands 0.99
Mauritania 0.87 0.91 0.94 0.97 0.97
Mauritius 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
Mexico 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 1.00 0.99
Monaco
Mongolia 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.01 1.01
Montenegro
Morocco 0.75 0.77 0.79 0.82 0.85
Mozambique 0.74 0.74 0.75
Myanmar 0.97 0.98
Namibia 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00
Nepal 0.71 0.75 0.77
Netherlands 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
New Caledonia
New Zealand 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Nicaragua 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.02 1.02
Niger 0.63 0.64 0.66 0.67 0.68
Nigeria 0.86 0.81 0.81
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Oman 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.97
Pakistan 0.68
Palau
Panama 0.97 0.97
Papua New Guinea 0.86 0.87 0.87 0.86
Paraguay 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96
Peru 0.99 0.99 0.99
Philippines 0.98 1.00 1.00 1.00
Poland 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Portugal 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.96
Puerto Rico
Qatar 1.05 1.08 0.99 1.05 1.05
Romania 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Russian Federation 0.99 0.99
Rwanda 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.98
Samoa 1.02 1.03 1.05 1.00 1.02
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 0.97 0.81 0.96
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.83 0.87
Serbia 0.99 0.99
Seychelles 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.03
Sierra Leone 0.92
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.99
Slovenia 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99 1.02
Solomon Islands 0.93 0.92
Somalia
South Africa 0.99 0.99 1.00 0.99
South Sudan
Spain 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Sri Lanka 0.98 0.98
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.98 1.04
St. Lucia 0.93 0.95 0.97
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.92 0.92 0.95
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.95
Sweden 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.03
Switzerland 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00
Syrian Arab Republic 0.91 0.91 0.93 0.92 0.93
Tajikistan 0.95 0.97 0.95 0.94 0.93
Tanzania 0.98 0.99 0.99 1.00 0.99
Thailand 0.98 0.97 0.97
Timor-Leste
Togo 0.69 0.70 0.72 0.75 0.78
Tonga 0.97 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95
Trinidad and Tobago 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Tunisia 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94
Turkey 0.92 0.91 0.91
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu 1.04
Uganda 0.87 0.88 0.90 0.91 0.94
Ukraine 1.00 1.00 1.00
United Arab Emirates 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00
United Kingdom 1.00 1.00 1.00
United States 0.99 1.03 1.03 0.99
Uruguay 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98
Uzbekistan 0.97 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Vanuatu 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97
Venezuela, RB 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Vietnam 0.95 0.93 0.95
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Yemen, Rep. 0.56
Zambia 0.92 0.93 0.92 0.93
Zimbabwe 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97

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