Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Chad 0.50 0.53 0.55 0.59 0.61
Guinea-Bissau 0.58 0.58 0.58 0.67
Ethiopia 0.58 0.57 0.59 0.61 0.66
Guinea 0.53 0.56 0.59 0.62 0.67
Benin 0.57 0.59 0.62 0.64 0.67
Liberia 0.65 0.75 0.74
Niger 0.63 0.64 0.66 0.67 0.68
Burkina Faso 0.67 0.69 0.70 0.71
Mali 0.67 0.67 0.71 0.72 0.75
Togo 0.69 0.70 0.72 0.75 0.78
Mozambique 0.74 0.74 0.75
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.75 0.91
Cote d'Ivoire 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.75 0.75
Djibouti 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.72 0.74
Morocco 0.75 0.77 0.79 0.82 0.85
Burundi 0.85 0.84 0.81 0.78 0.79
Sao Tome and Principe 0.97 0.81 0.96
Gambia, The 0.78 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.87
Angola 0.82
Lao PDR 0.81 0.82 0.83 0.85 0.85
Cameroon 0.86 0.87 0.83 0.82 0.85
Bhutan 0.80 0.82 0.83 0.85 0.87
India 0.82 0.83 0.83 0.84 0.84
Senegal 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.83 0.87
Cambodia 0.83 0.84 0.87 0.88
Comoros 0.86 0.86 0.86
Guatemala 0.86 0.86 0.87 0.87 0.90
Papua New Guinea 0.86 0.87 0.87 0.86
Congo, Rep. 0.94 0.90 0.90 0.96 0.92
Uganda 0.87 0.88 0.90 0.91 0.94
Algeria 0.89 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.92
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.92 0.92 0.95
Syrian Arab Republic 0.91 0.91 0.93 0.92 0.93
Zambia 0.92 0.93 0.92 0.93
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94
Grenada 0.98 0.99 0.93 0.97 0.97
Tunisia 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94
Mauritania 0.87 0.91 0.94 0.97 0.97
Indonesia 0.96 0.96 0.94 0.97 0.97
Kyrgyz Republic 0.97 0.95 0.94 0.99 0.98
Vietnam 0.95 0.93 0.95
Tonga 0.97 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95
Tajikistan 0.95 0.97 0.95 0.94 0.93
Portugal 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.96
Albania 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.98
Chile 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.97
Swaziland 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.95
Belarus 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.99 0.99
Cuba 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96
Madagascar 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.96
Brunei Darussalam 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.96
Bolivia 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.98
Paraguay 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96
Lebanon 0.99 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
El Salvador 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.95
Macedonia, FYR 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99
Dominican Republic 0.97 0.98 0.97
Rwanda 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.98
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97
Zimbabwe 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Colombia 1.00 0.97 1.00 1.00
Cabo Verde 0.97 0.97 0.98
Poland 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Latvia 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Mexico 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Thailand 0.98 0.97 0.97
Sri Lanka 0.98 0.98
Lithuania 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.99
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.98 1.04
Haiti 0.95 0.96 0.98
Kenya 0.98 0.97 0.99
Vanuatu 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97
Netherlands 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.97
Hungary 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Estonia 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Costa Rica 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97
Oman 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.97
Peru 0.99 0.99 0.99
China 0.96 0.98 0.99
South Africa 0.99 0.99 1.00 0.99
Uruguay 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98
Azerbaijan 1.10 0.99 0.99 1.00 0.98
Italy 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
Argentina 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.98
Trinidad and Tobago 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Fiji 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98
Spain 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Slovak Republic 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.99
France 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Qatar 1.05 1.08 0.99 1.05 1.05
Austria 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Romania 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
United Arab Emirates 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00
Germany 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Tanzania 0.98 0.99 0.99 1.00 0.99
Iceland 1.01 1.01 0.99 0.98 0.98
Ukraine 1.00 1.00 1.00
Ireland 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Philippines 0.98 1.00 1.00 1.00
Bahrain 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99
New Zealand 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Slovenia 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99 1.02
Switzerland 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00
Croatia 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Uzbekistan 0.97 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Botswana 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Ecuador 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Bahamas, The 1.04 1.00 1.00 0.97
Finland 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
Georgia 1.01 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99
Czech Republic 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00
Mauritius 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
United Kingdom 1.00 1.00 1.00
Canada 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Norway 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Denmark 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Namibia 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00
Greece 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Malta 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.01
Maldives 0.97 0.97 1.01 1.01 1.00
Australia 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.02
Jordan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Kazakhstan 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.01
Korea, Rep. 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.01
Seychelles 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.03
Mongolia 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.01 1.01
United States 0.99 1.03 1.03 0.99
Kiribati 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03 0.99
Sweden 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.03
Nicaragua 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.02 1.02
Honduras 1.02 1.02 1.04 1.01 1.01
Samoa 1.02 1.03 1.05 1.00 1.02
Kuwait 1.00 1.06 1.08 1.06 1.04
Lesotho 1.14 1.11 1.11 1.10 1.05
Liechtenstein
Nepal 0.71 0.75 0.77
Turkey 0.92 0.91 0.91
Bermuda 1.00
Guyana 1.01 1.05 1.04 0.98
Nigeria 0.86 0.81 0.81
Equatorial Guinea 0.82
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Libya 0.99
Luxembourg 1.01 1.01
Solomon Islands 0.93 0.92
Bosnia and Herzegovina
New Caledonia
Montenegro
Pakistan 0.68
Jamaica 1.00 1.00
Palau
Iraq 0.86 0.83 0.83
Panama 0.97 0.97
Sudan
Belize 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.95
Curacao
Belgium 0.99 0.99 0.99
Marshall Islands 0.99
Afghanistan 0.08 0.00
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Dominica 1.03 1.02
Central African Republic
Andorra
Barbados 0.98 0.98
Malaysia
Puerto Rico
Somalia
Israel 0.99 0.99
South Sudan
Monaco
Isle of Man
Russian Federation 0.99 0.99
St. Lucia 0.93 0.95 0.97
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Macao SAR, China
Brazil
Suriname
Greenland
Myanmar 0.97 0.98
Aruba 0.98 0.97
Cyprus 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
San Marino
Guam
Bangladesh
Timor-Leste
Saudi Arabia
Armenia 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.00
Antigua and Barbuda
Ghana 0.92 0.93
French Polynesia
Turkmenistan
Malawi 0.91 0.95 0.95
Tuvalu 1.04
Serbia 0.99 0.99
Gabon 1.00 1.00 1.00
West Bank and Gaza 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Faroe Islands
American Samoa
Moldova 1.00 0.99
Eritrea 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.83
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Venezuela, RB 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sierra Leone 0.92
Yemen, Rep. 0.56
Singapore
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.76 0.88 0.92 0.93

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