Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan 0.55 0.50 0.53 0.55
Albania 0.99 0.97 1.00 1.00 0.99
Algeria 0.80 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.84
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.82 0.82 0.80 0.83 0.92
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 0.98 0.99 1.05 0.99
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Austria 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.99 1.00
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 1.01
Bahrain 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.03
Bangladesh 0.69 0.69 0.80 0.81 0.84
Barbados 1.01 0.99
Belarus
Belgium 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Belize 0.94 0.95
Benin 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.50 0.50
Bermuda
Bhutan 0.55 0.60
Bolivia 0.92 0.91 0.92 0.93
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.07 1.07
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam 0.99 0.96 0.98 0.96
Bulgaria 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98
Burkina Faso 0.60 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.63
Burundi 0.71 0.74 0.78 0.79 0.80
Cabo Verde 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.97
Cambodia 0.80 0.77 0.77 0.78
Cameroon 0.84 0.85 0.85 0.86 0.86
Canada 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.99
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0.63 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.63
Chad 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.42 0.44
Chile 0.95 0.96 0.97
China 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.90
Colombia 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.15
Comoros 0.76 0.80 0.80 0.81 0.71
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.65 0.79 0.74 0.71
Congo, Rep. 0.96 0.91 0.96 0.94 0.94
Costa Rica 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Cote d'Ivoire 0.70 0.70 0.71 0.71 0.71
Croatia
Cuba 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.96
Curacao
Cyprus 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.99 1.00
Czech Republic 0.97 0.97 0.97 1.00 1.00
Denmark 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Djibouti 0.72 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74
Dominica 0.97 0.95 0.94 0.94
Dominican Republic 1.04
Ecuador 0.98 0.99 0.99
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.81 0.82 0.79 0.84 0.85
El Salvador 0.99 0.99 0.99
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 0.90 0.94
Estonia 0.98 1.00 0.98 0.97 0.97
Ethiopia 0.66 0.64 0.62 0.64 0.66
Faroe Islands
Fiji 0.99 0.99
Finland 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.00 0.99
France 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98
French Polynesia
Gabon 0.98 1.00 0.99 1.00
Gambia, The 0.63 0.64 0.63
Georgia 0.99
Germany
Ghana 0.79 0.83 0.84 0.84
Greece 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00
Greenland
Grenada 0.82 0.91
Guam
Guatemala 0.85
Guinea 0.46 0.44 0.45 0.44 0.45
Guinea-Bissau 0.54 0.54 0.55
Guyana 0.96 0.97 0.96 0.95
Haiti 0.89 0.94
Honduras 1.02 1.00 1.01
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.99 0.98 0.99
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Iceland 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
India 0.72 0.74 0.74 0.73 0.74
Indonesia 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.97 0.97
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.88
Iraq 0.86 0.85 0.87 0.84
Ireland 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01
Isle of Man
Israel 1.03 1.02 1.04 1.01 1.03
Italy 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Jamaica 1.02 0.99 1.00 1.01 1.00
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Jordan 1.01 1.01 1.04 1.01 1.00
Kazakhstan 1.04
Kenya 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.97
Kiribati 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.04 1.02
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Kuwait 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97
Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 1.06 1.02
Lao PDR 0.84 0.81 0.79
Latvia 1.00 1.07
Lebanon 0.99
Lesotho 1.27 1.28 1.27 1.26 1.25
Liberia
Libya 0.94
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 1.01
Luxembourg 1.00 1.01 1.02
Macao SAR, China 0.95
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 0.95 0.95 0.96
Malawi 0.83 0.85 0.86 0.86 0.86
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.61
Malta 0.94 0.95 0.96 0.98 0.97
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 0.69 0.68 0.72 0.72 0.73
Mauritius 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01
Mexico 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.96
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 0.98 0.99 0.99
Monaco
Mongolia 0.99 0.99
Montenegro
Morocco 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.66 0.68
Mozambique 0.78 0.78 0.77 0.77 0.75
Myanmar 0.92 0.91 0.92 0.92 0.93
Namibia 1.10 1.09
Nepal 0.45 0.46 0.49 0.55 0.59
Netherlands 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.03
New Caledonia
New Zealand 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98
Nicaragua 1.10 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.08
Niger 0.59 0.58 0.57 0.59 0.60
Nigeria 0.82 0.83 0.76 0.85 0.79
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Oman 0.82 0.85 0.87 0.88 0.90
Pakistan 0.53 0.53 0.54 0.53 0.53
Palau
Panama 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.97 0.96
Papua New Guinea 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84
Paraguay 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.96
Peru
Philippines 1.00 0.98 1.01 1.01 0.98
Poland 0.98 0.98
Portugal 0.95 0.95 0.89 0.96
Puerto Rico
Qatar 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.94
Romania 1.00 1.00
Russian Federation 1.00 1.00 1.00
Rwanda 0.96 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.99
Samoa 1.08
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 0.94 0.95 0.91
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 0.69 0.69 0.70 0.72 0.73
Serbia
Seychelles 1.02 1.04 1.03 1.00
Sierra Leone 0.68 0.71 0.68
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 0.82 0.85
Somalia 0.50
South Africa 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
South Sudan
Spain 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.98
Sri Lanka 0.97 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.97
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.73 0.99 0.97 0.97 0.94
St. Lucia 0.98 0.97 0.95 0.93 0.95
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.96 0.98
Sudan
Suriname 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.01 1.10
Swaziland 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00
Sweden 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Switzerland 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Syrian Arab Republic 0.88 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.90
Tajikistan
Tanzania 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Togo 0.62 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64
Tonga 0.98 0.99
Trinidad and Tobago 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02
Tunisia 0.83 0.83 0.84 0.85 0.86
Turkey 0.90 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.91
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.83 0.82 0.79 0.81 0.80
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 0.99 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.96
United Kingdom 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
United States 1.01 1.00 1.00
Uruguay 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99
Uzbekistan 0.96 0.98 0.99
Vanuatu 0.94 0.98
Venezuela, RB 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Vietnam 0.93
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 0.91 0.91
Zimbabwe 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.99

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