Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Afghanistan 0.24 0.50 0.48 0.49
Albania 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.97 0.98
Algeria 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.79
American Samoa
Andorra 0.96
Angola 0.87 0.83
Antigua and Barbuda 0.86
Argentina 0.99 0.98 0.99 1.00
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.99
Austria 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 1.05 1.02 1.01
Bahrain 0.89 0.88 0.94 0.96 1.00
Bangladesh 0.71 0.72 0.61 0.70 0.69
Barbados 1.00 0.97 0.94 1.00 0.96
Belarus
Belgium 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01
Belize
Benin 0.46 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.48
Bermuda 0.96 0.97 0.98 1.02 1.01
Bhutan 0.47 0.49 0.50 0.53
Bolivia 0.87 0.90 0.92
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 1.18 1.15 1.15 1.13 1.11
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam 0.97 0.98 0.97 0.97
Bulgaria 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Burkina Faso 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60
Burundi 0.64 0.61 0.63 0.65 0.68
Cabo Verde 0.96 0.96 0.94 0.97 0.97
Cambodia
Cameroon 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84 0.84
Canada 1.00 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0.57 0.57 0.53 0.56 0.56
Chad 0.38
Chile 0.97 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.96
China 0.85 0.83 0.82 0.83 0.83
Colombia 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03
Comoros 0.72 0.76 0.90
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.71 0.72 0.74 0.75 0.65
Congo, Rep. 0.94 0.95 0.96 0.95 0.96
Costa Rica 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Cote d'Ivoire 0.66 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.70
Croatia
Cuba 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.94
Curacao
Cyprus 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99
Czech Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 0.97 0.97
Denmark 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Djibouti 0.73 0.74 0.74 0.73
Dominica 1.09 0.98 0.98
Dominican Republic 1.09 1.03
Ecuador 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.99
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.72 0.73 0.75 0.77 0.79
El Salvador 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98
Ethiopia 0.55 0.57 0.60 0.62 0.65
Faroe Islands
Fiji 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Finland 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
France 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
French Polynesia
Gabon 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Gambia, The 0.53 0.54 0.56 0.59 0.61
Georgia 0.98
Germany
Ghana 0.83 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.80
Greece 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01
Greenland
Grenada 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.94
Guam
Guatemala 0.85 0.87 0.85 0.84
Guinea 0.49 0.49 0.48 0.48 0.46
Guinea-Bissau 0.46 0.46 0.49 0.50 0.51
Guyana 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.97
Haiti 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.87
Honduras 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.01 1.01
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Iceland 1.00 1.00
India 0.68 0.68 0.68 0.69 0.70
Indonesia 0.88 0.90 0.94 0.95 0.95
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.71 0.73 0.77 0.79
Iraq 0.91 0.94 0.92 0.89 0.86
Ireland 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Isle of Man
Israel 1.01 1.02 1.03
Italy 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Jamaica 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Jordan 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.05
Kazakhstan
Kenya 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.96
Kiribati 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Kuwait 0.94 0.98 1.01 1.01 1.00
Kyrgyz Republic 0.98
Lao PDR 0.85 0.86 0.75 0.79
Latvia
Lebanon 0.94 0.92 0.92
Lesotho 1.39 1.34 1.31 1.28 1.27
Liberia
Libya 0.93 0.93
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 0.99
Luxembourg 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 0.96 0.96 0.88 0.93
Malawi 0.77 0.78 0.80 0.81 0.81
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali 0.58 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.61
Malta 0.97 0.99 0.96 0.98 0.94
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 0.57 0.64 0.66 0.68 0.69
Mauritius 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Mexico 0.98 0.98 0.96 0.96 0.97
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 0.99
Monaco
Mongolia 0.95 0.97 0.98 0.97 0.97
Montenegro
Morocco 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.63 0.64
Mozambique 0.74 0.75 0.74 0.75 0.77
Myanmar 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.90 0.91
Namibia
Nepal 0.39 0.40 0.41 0.43 0.45
Netherlands 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03
New Caledonia
New Zealand 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98
Nicaragua 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.11
Niger 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.58 0.59
Nigeria 0.80 0.79 0.78 0.78 0.81
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Oman 0.54 0.57 0.63 0.69 0.76
Pakistan 0.51 0.52 0.51 0.51 0.52
Palau
Panama 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.95
Papua New Guinea 0.77 0.80 0.82
Paraguay 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
Peru 0.95 0.94 0.96
Philippines 0.99 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00
Poland
Portugal 0.96 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.95
Puerto Rico
Qatar 0.97 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98
Romania
Russian Federation 1.00
Rwanda 0.92 0.92 0.94 0.94 0.95
Samoa 1.02 1.04 1.04
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 0.97 0.97
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.68 0.68
Serbia
Seychelles 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.04 1.04
Sierra Leone 0.68 0.66 0.66 0.67 0.67
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 0.76 0.78 0.79
Somalia 0.55 0.54 0.53 0.54 0.52
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Sri Lanka 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.96
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.95 0.74 0.98 0.86
St. Lucia 1.08 1.02 1.02 1.00 1.00
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.96 0.94
Sudan
Suriname 0.95 0.98
Swaziland 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Sweden 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Switzerland 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.01
Syrian Arab Republic 0.78 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.86
Tajikistan
Tanzania 0.91 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00
Thailand 0.96
Timor-Leste
Togo 0.64 0.64 0.65 0.64 0.62
Tonga 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.99
Trinidad and Tobago 1.02 1.01 1.03 1.01 1.02
Tunisia 0.73 0.76 0.78 0.80 0.82
Turkey 0.84 0.86 0.88 0.90
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.75 0.75 0.77 0.78 0.79
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
United Kingdom 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
United States 1.02 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.02
Uruguay 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Uzbekistan 0.96
Vanuatu 0.94
Venezuela, RB 1.03 1.00 0.99
Vietnam 0.92 0.95
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.90
Zimbabwe 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.95

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