Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Chad 38 40 40 40 42
Guinea 46 46 44 45 44
Nepal 45 45 46 49 55
Benin 48 49 49 49 50
Pakistan 52 53 52 53 53
Guinea-Bissau 51 54 54 55
Niger 59 59 58 57 59
Burkina Faso 60 60 60 61 62
Mali 61 61 61 61 61
Central African Republic 56 63 61 61 61
Togo 62 62 61 62 63
Gambia, The 61 63 64 63
Ethiopia 65 66 64 62 64
Morocco 64 64 65 66 66
Mauritania 69 69 68 72 72
Bangladesh 69 69 69 81 81
Senegal 68 69 69 70 72
Cote d'Ivoire 70 70 70 71 71
Djibouti 73 72 71 72 73
Burundi 68 71 74 78 79
India 70 73 74 74 73
Cambodia 80 77 77 79
Mozambique 77 78 78 77 77
Congo, Dem. Rep. 65 65 79 74
Ghana 80 79 83 84
Comoros 89 76 80 80 80
Egypt, Arab Rep. 78 80 81 78 83
Angola 82 82 80 83
Algeria 79 80 82 83 84
Uganda 79 83 82 79 81
Iran, Islamic Rep. 80 82 83 85 87
Nigeria 81 82 83 76 85
Tunisia 82 83 83 84 86
Papua New Guinea 84 84 84 84
Oman 76 82 85 87 88
Iraq 86 86 85 87 83
Cameroon 84 84 85 85 86
Malawi 81 83 85 87 87
China 82 86 87 88 89
Syrian Arab Republic 86 88 90 90 90
Turkey 90 90 90 91 91
Bolivia 91 91 92
Congo, Rep. 96 96 91 96 94
Myanmar 91 92 91 92 92
Cuba 94 94 94 94 95
Haiti 87 89 94
Sao Tome and Principe 94 95
Malta 93 94 94 95 97
Portugal 95 95 95 89
Belize 94 95
Indonesia 95 94 95 95 96
Panama 95 95 95 96 97
Paraguay 94 95 95 96 96
Dominica 97 95 94
Kenya 96 95 95 96 96
Albania 97 98 96 98 98
Brunei Darussalam 99 96 98 96
Sri Lanka 96 97 96 97 97
Czech Republic 97 97 96 96 100
Zimbabwe 95 96 97 97 98
St. Lucia 100 98 97 95 93
Guyana 99 97 97 96 96
Rwanda 95 96 97 97 98
Qatar 99 97 97 96 95
Mexico 97 97 97 97 97
United Arab Emirates 98 99 97 96 95
South Africa 98 98 98 99
Kuwait 101 99 98 97 97
Jamaica 101 101 98 99 100
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 96 98
Canada 98 98 98 98 97
Costa Rica 98 98 98 99 98
United States 100 100 98
France 98 98 98 99 99
Philippines 100 100 98 101 101
Hong Kong SAR, China 98 99 98 99
Suriname 98 97 98 99 101
Kiribati 99 99 98 99 103
Ecuador 99 99 99 99
Uruguay 99 99 99 98 98
Cyprus 99 99 99 98 99
Swaziland 98 99 99 99 100
Cabo Verde 99 100 99 99 99
Austria 99 98 99 99 99
Italy 100 99 99 99 99
New Zealand 99 99 99 100 99
St. Kitts and Nevis 86 73 99 97 97
Mongolia 97 99 99
Bulgaria 100 100 99 99 99
Fiji 99 99 99
Malaysia 99 99 99 99
Iceland 100 100 100 100
Spain 99 99 100 98 98
Venezuela, RB 99 100 100 100 100
Australia 99 99 100 100 100
Estonia 98 98 100 98 97
Tanzania 100 100 100 99 99
Sweden 101 100 100 100 100
Gabon 98 98 100 99 100
El Salvador 100 100 99
Mauritius 99 99 100 100 101
Hungary 100 100 100 100 100
Japan 100 100 100 100 100
Argentina 101 99 100 105
Denmark 100 100 100 100 100
Ireland 100 100 100 100 100
Norway 100 100 100 100 100
Greece 100 100 100 100 100
United Kingdom 100 100 100 100 100
Finland 100 100 101 100 100
Luxembourg 100 101 102
Korea, Rep. 101 101 101 101 101
Belgium 101 100 101 101 101
Trinidad and Tobago 102 102 101 101 101
Jordan 105 101 101 104 101
Switzerland 101 101 101 101 101
Colombia 103 103 102 102 102
Israel 103 103 102 104 101
Bahrain 100 101 102 102 101
Netherlands 102 102 102 103 103
Seychelles 104 103 104 104 100
Botswana 111 108 108 108 107
Nicaragua 111 109 110 111 110
Lesotho 127 127 128 127 126
Grenada 94 82 91
Dominican Republic 103 104
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Azerbaijan
Moldova 98 99
Honduras 101 102 100
Monaco
American Samoa
Macedonia, FYR
Curacao
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Chile 96 96 98
Tajikistan
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Macao SAR, China
Georgia 99
Namibia 110
Madagascar 93 95 95
Lithuania 101
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Uzbekistan 97 99
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Sudan
Libya 94
Guatemala 85 85
Maldives
Thailand
Liberia
Greenland
Brazil
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Afghanistan 49 55 51 54
Marshall Islands
Croatia
Singapore
Serbia
Slovak Republic
Sierra Leone 67 68 71
Solomon Islands 82
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Slovenia
Palau
Somalia 52 50
Bhutan 53 55 60
South Sudan
Bermuda 101
Kazakhstan
Middle East (developing only)
Aruba
Peru 96
Equatorial Guinea
Yemen, Rep.
Eritrea
Poland 98
Faeroe Islands
Belarus
Armenia
Puerto Rico
Guam
Barbados 96 100
Timor-Leste
Romania 99
Tonga 99 98
Russian Federation 100 100
Antigua and Barbuda
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turkmenistan
Samoa 108
Tuvalu
San Marino
Ukraine
Bahamas, The 101 101
Germany
Saudi Arabia
French Polynesia 96 91 91
New Caledonia
Vanuatu 94
Kyrgyz Republic 100 106
Vietnam 95 93
Lao PDR 79 84 81
West Bank and Gaza
Latvia 100
Zambia 89 90 90
Lebanon 92 99

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