Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Chad 0.58 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.61
Benin 0.63 0.64 0.66 0.68 0.71
Guinea 0.62 0.65 0.68 0.69 0.71
Niger 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.67 0.69
Ethiopia 0.69 0.70 0.70 0.74 0.78
Togo 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.74 0.74
Djibouti 0.71 0.72 0.76 0.76
Eritrea 0.79 0.76 0.76 0.72 0.73
Mozambique 0.76 0.78 0.82 0.83
Nepal 0.77 0.79 0.81 0.87
Cameroon 0.85 0.80 0.85 0.84 0.83
India 0.80 0.82 0.90
Nigeria 0.83 0.82 0.84 0.85
Lao PDR 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.83 0.83
Turkey 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.85 0.89
Comoros 0.83 0.83 0.85
Cambodia 0.84 0.85 0.86 0.88
Equatorial Guinea 0.85 0.89
Senegal 0.84 0.85 0.90 0.91
Morocco 0.85 0.87 0.88 0.88 0.89
Sudan 0.84 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.89
Tajikistan 0.87 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88
Congo, Rep. 0.89 0.86 0.91
Solomon Islands 0.90 0.91
Guatemala 0.90 0.91 0.92 0.93
Ghana 0.91 0.91 0.94 0.90 0.92
Malawi 0.92 0.92 0.97 0.97
Syrian Arab Republic 0.93 0.93 0.95 0.96 0.96
Mauritania 0.93 0.95 0.97 0.98 1.00
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.97
El Salvador 0.96 0.95 0.97 0.97 0.97
Kenya 0.97 0.95 0.97 0.94 0.96
Zimbabwe 0.95 0.95 0.96
Swaziland 0.97 0.96 0.97 0.95 0.96
Oman 0.98 0.96 0.95 0.96
Austria 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.97
Uganda 0.95 0.97 0.96 0.97 0.97
Myanmar 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.99
Bolivia 0.97 0.97 0.98
Italy 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.99
Switzerland 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.97
Peru 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.00
Cuba 1.00 0.97 0.97 0.99 1.00
Netherlands 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Marshall Islands 0.98 1.04 0.99 1.15
Rwanda 0.96 0.98 0.98 1.00 1.01
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97
Vanuatu 0.97 0.98 0.95 0.95
Uzbekistan 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98
Algeria 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.00 1.00
Indonesia 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.98
Paraguay 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Poland 0.98 0.98 0.98 1.00 0.99
Lithuania 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Macedonia, FYR 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97
Tunisia 0.99 0.98 1.00 1.02
Chile 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.98
Thailand 0.98 0.99 1.02 1.01
Germany 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Aruba 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.95 0.96
Brunei Darussalam 0.99 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99
Israel 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00
Georgia 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.97
Kyrgyz Republic 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Barbados 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Korea, Rep. 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Latvia 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
France 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Slovenia 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Mauritius 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Malta 0.97 1.00 1.01 0.99 1.00
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Costa Rica 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Ecuador 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Australia 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
Panama 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.00
United States 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.01
Cabo Verde 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03
Japan 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Argentina 1.01 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.04
Portugal 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02
Ukraine 1.00 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.95
Slovak Republic 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.00
Lebanon 1.05 1.01 0.98 0.96 0.95
United Kingdom 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02
Greece 1.03 1.01 1.00 0.98 0.97
Croatia 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.02
Norway 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Romania 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Jamaica 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.02
Cyprus 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Botswana 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00
Czech Republic 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Serbia 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Mexico 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.03 1.03
Moldova 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.02
Bahamas, The 1.02 0.99 0.99
Estonia 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01
Tonga 1.02 1.02
Maldives 1.01 1.02 1.01 1.01
Iceland 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.01 1.00
Jordan 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Philippines 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.03
Denmark 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02
Luxembourg 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03
Namibia 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03
West Bank and Gaza 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03
Grenada 1.03 0.99 1.01 0.99
Spain 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03
South Africa 1.02 1.03 1.05 1.07 1.08
Seychelles 1.05 1.03 1.03 1.05 1.03
Ireland 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03
Libya 1.04 1.02 1.08
Colombia 1.04 1.04 1.03
Venezuela, RB 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.03 1.03
Fiji 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.02
Qatar 1.13 1.04 0.97 0.91 0.92
Uruguay 1.05 1.04 1.06 1.06 1.05
Dominica 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.04 1.04
Nicaragua 1.07 1.05 1.04 1.04
Finland 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.02 1.02
Samoa 1.07 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.06
New Zealand 1.06 1.05 1.03 1.03
St. Lucia 1.04 1.06 1.03 0.95 1.03
Bermuda 1.04 1.06 1.08 1.11 1.09
Belgium 1.06 1.07 1.06 0.98 0.98
Lesotho 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.06 1.06
Dominican Republic 1.07 1.03 1.04
Kiribati 1.09 1.08 1.07 1.10 1.07
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.10 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.04
Mongolia 1.11 1.10 1.08 1.06 1.06
Sweden 1.15 1.12 1.11 1.01 1.00
Suriname 1.07 1.13 1.09
Curacao
New Caledonia
Guyana 1.01 0.94
Afghanistan 0.00 0.54 0.41 0.55
Brazil
Montenegro 1.01 1.01 1.02
Liberia
Tuvalu 1.12
Guam
Liechtenstein 0.92 0.93
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.94 0.95 0.96
Macao SAR, China
Gabon
Singapore
Cote d'Ivoire
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Gambia, The
Iraq 0.81 0.79
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Pakistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.02 1.02
Palau 1.00
Turkmenistan
Kuwait 1.06 1.07 1.07 1.07
Antigua and Barbuda
Zambia
Kazakhstan
Greenland
Sierra Leone 0.70
Central African Republic 0.66
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Guinea-Bissau
Cayman Islands
Somalia
Canada 0.98
South Sudan
Monaco
Sri Lanka
Puerto Rico
Faroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Tanzania
Bhutan 0.88 0.94
Timor-Leste 0.93 0.93
French Polynesia
Haiti
Belize 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.98
Honduras
Belarus
Russian Federation 1.00 0.99
Bangladesh 1.05
Burundi 0.79 0.81 0.82
Bahrain
Hong Kong SAR, China
Trinidad and Tobago 1.01
Mali 0.72 0.75 0.76
Azerbaijan
Madagascar 0.96
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.97 1.01 1.00
Vietnam
Armenia
Malaysia
United Arab Emirates
Andorra
Angola
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 0.99 0.98 0.98
American Samoa
Saudi Arabia 0.97
Burkina Faso 0.71 0.74 0.77 0.78
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Papua New Guinea
Yemen, Rep. 0.55 0.60 0.62 0.65
China 0.97 0.97
Albania 0.97 0.97 0.96

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