Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Chad 0.58 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.61
Benin 0.63 0.64 0.66 0.68 0.71
Guinea 0.62 0.65 0.68 0.69 0.71
Niger 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.67 0.69
Ethiopia 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.73 0.78
Togo 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.74 0.74
Djibouti 0.71 0.72 0.76 0.76
Mozambique 0.76 0.78 0.82 0.83
Nepal 0.77 0.78 0.81 0.87
Cameroon 0.85 0.80 0.85 0.84 0.83
India 0.79 0.81 0.90
Nigeria 0.83 0.82 0.84 0.85
Turkey 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.85 0.89
Lao PDR 0.82 0.82 0.83 0.83 0.84
Comoros 0.82 0.82 0.84
Cambodia 0.84 0.85 0.86 0.88
Equatorial Guinea 0.85 0.89
Senegal 0.84 0.85 0.89 0.91
Morocco 0.85 0.87 0.88 0.88 0.89
Sudan 0.84 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.89
Tajikistan 0.87 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.88
Congo, Rep. 0.89 0.86 0.91
Solomon Islands 0.90 0.91
Guatemala 0.89 0.90 0.91 0.92
Ghana 0.91 0.91 0.94 0.90 0.92
Syrian Arab Republic 0.93 0.93 0.95 0.95 0.96
Malawi 0.93 0.94 0.99 0.99
Mauritania 0.92 0.95 0.97 0.98 1.00
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.97
Kenya 0.97 0.95 0.97 0.94 0.96
Rwanda 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.97 0.98
Zimbabwe 0.95 0.95 0.96
Swaziland 0.97 0.96 0.97 0.95 0.96
Oman 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.97
Austria 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.97
Uganda 0.95 0.97 0.96 0.97 0.97
El Salvador 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.99
Myanmar 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.99
Peru 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.99
Italy 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.99
Switzerland 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.97
Uzbekistan 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Cuba 1.00 0.98 0.97 0.99 0.99
Netherlands 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Marshall Islands 0.98 1.04 0.99 1.15
Poland 0.98 0.98 0.97 1.00 0.99
Algeria 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.99 1.00
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97
Vanuatu 0.97 0.98 0.95 0.95
Bolivia 0.98 0.98 0.98
Mexico 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Australia 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97
Indonesia 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.98
Paraguay 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Malta 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.96 0.96
Lithuania 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Macedonia, FYR 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Thailand 0.98 0.99 1.02 1.01
Germany 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.99 0.99
Aruba 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.95 0.96
Cabo Verde 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.01
Tunisia 0.99 0.99 1.01 1.03
Israel 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00
Georgia 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.97
Estonia 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Kyrgyz Republic 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.99
Chile 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98
Mauritius 0.98 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.98
South Africa 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Latvia 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Brunei Darussalam 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.01
Slovenia 1.01 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
France 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Korea, Rep. 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Ecuador 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
United States 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00
Jamaica 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Japan 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Portugal 1.02 1.00 1.02 1.02 1.02
Ukraine 1.00 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.95
Slovak Republic 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.00
Argentina 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.04 1.04
Lebanon 1.05 1.01 0.98 0.97 0.95
Romania 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Panama 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
United Kingdom 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02
Croatia 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.02
Norway 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Greece 1.03 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99
Cyprus 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Czech Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Botswana 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Costa Rica 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01
Serbia 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Moldova 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.02
Bahamas, The 1.02 0.99 0.99
Malaysia 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.01 0.98
Tonga 1.02 1.02
Jordan 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.01
Iceland 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.01 1.00
Maldives 1.01 1.03 1.01 1.02
Denmark 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02
Philippines 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03
Luxembourg 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03
Spain 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03 1.03
Namibia 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03
West Bank and Gaza 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03
Grenada 1.03 0.99 1.01 0.99
Ireland 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.04
Libya 1.03 1.02 1.08
Colombia 1.04 1.04 1.03
Seychelles 1.05 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.03
Nicaragua 1.05 1.04 1.02 1.02
Venezuela, RB 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.03 1.03
Qatar 1.13 1.04 0.96 0.90 0.92
Fiji 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.02
Uruguay 1.05 1.04 1.06 1.06 1.05
Dominica 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.04 1.04
Finland 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.02 1.02
Samoa 1.07 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.06
New Zealand 1.06 1.05 1.03 1.03
St. Lucia 1.04 1.06 1.03 0.95 1.03
Bermuda 1.04 1.06 1.08 1.11 1.09
Belgium 1.06 1.07 1.06 0.98 0.98
Kiribati 1.08 1.07 1.07 1.10 1.07
Lesotho 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.06 1.06
Dominican Republic 1.07 1.03 1.04
Barbados 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.10 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.04
Mongolia 1.11 1.10 1.08 1.06 1.06
Sweden 1.15 1.12 1.11 1.01 1.00
Suriname 1.07 1.13 1.09
Cote d'Ivoire
New Caledonia
Gambia, The
Kuwait 0.99 0.99 1.00 1.01
Antigua and Barbuda
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.93 0.94 0.95
Brazil
Monaco
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Madagascar 0.96
Bhutan 0.88 0.94
Singapore
Gabon
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Curacao
Guyana 0.98 1.02
Turkmenistan
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Afghanistan 0.00 0.53 0.40 0.54
Eritrea
Pakistan
Tuvalu 1.12
Palau 1.00
Haiti
Vietnam
American Samoa
Honduras
Sierra Leone 0.70
Kazakhstan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Central African Republic 0.66
Guinea-Bissau
Mali 0.72 0.75 0.76
Somalia
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Sri Lanka
Canada 0.98
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Tanzania
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.02 1.02
Timor-Leste 0.93 0.93
Belize 0.99 1.00 1.01 0.99
Faeroe Islands
Montenegro 1.00 1.01 1.02
Belarus
Iraq 0.81 0.79
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bangladesh 1.06
Russian Federation 1.00 0.99
Bahrain
Burundi 0.79 0.81 0.82
Trinidad and Tobago 1.01
Liechtenstein 0.92 0.93
Azerbaijan
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.97 1.01 1.00
Sao Tome and Principe 1.00 0.99 0.99
Armenia
Saudi Arabia 0.96
United Arab Emirates
Burkina Faso 0.71 0.74 0.77 0.78
Angola
Guam
Andorra
Liberia
Macao SAR, China
Zambia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Papua New Guinea
Yemen, Rep. 0.55 0.60 0.62 0.65
China 0.98 0.98
Albania 0.97

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