Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Afghanistan 0.24 0.49 0.47 0.48
Nepal 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.41 0.41
Guinea-Bissau 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.48
Guinea 0.46 0.46 0.45 0.45 0.43
Pakistan 0.47 0.48 0.46 0.46 0.47
Mauritania 0.50
Oman 0.50 0.54 0.58 0.63 0.69
Gambia, The 0.51 0.53 0.56 0.56
Niger 0.52
Somalia 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.54 0.53
Central African Republic 0.53 0.53
Mali 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55
Bangladesh 0.57 0.62 0.61
Burkina Faso 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.59
Morocco 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.64 0.65
India 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.63
Burundi 0.62 0.61 0.62 0.64 0.67
Cote d'Ivoire 0.62 0.64 0.65
Senegal 0.63 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.65
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.65 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.60
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.68 0.69 0.71 0.73 0.74
Comoros 0.68
Malawi 0.70 0.71 0.73 0.73 0.74
Mozambique 0.70 0.71 0.71 0.73
Tunisia 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.76 0.78
Syrian Arab Republic 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78 0.80
Uganda 0.73 0.72
Algeria 0.73 0.74 0.76 0.77
Nigeria 0.76 0.75 0.71 0.68
Ghana 0.76 0.77 0.75 0.75 0.74
Iraq 0.78 0.79 0.79 0.78 0.76
Cameroon 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.80 0.80
China 0.79 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.79
Lao PDR 0.81
Georgia 0.83
Indonesia 0.84 0.86 0.90 0.90
Guatemala 0.84 0.86 0.85
Bahrain 0.85 0.86 0.91 0.94 0.97
Libya 0.85 0.87
Zambia 0.86 0.86
Congo, Rep. 0.86 0.86 0.87 0.89
Luxembourg 0.87 0.97 0.95 0.95
Kenya 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.90 0.90
Rwanda 0.90 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.91
Tanzania 0.90 0.92 0.95 0.98
Zimbabwe 0.91 0.90 0.90 0.89 0.89
Gabon 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.92 0.93
Malta 0.92 0.93 0.92 0.93 0.95
Vanuatu 0.92
Kuwait 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.95 0.95
Albania 0.92 0.93 0.96 0.95 0.94
Austria 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.95
Peru 0.93 0.92 0.94
Switzerland 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.95
Mexico 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.95
Greece 0.95 0.97 0.99 0.99 1.00
Korea, Rep. 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.98
United Arab Emirates 0.96 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97
Tonga 0.96 0.97 1.02 1.04
Mauritius 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.96
Kyrgyz Republic 0.97
Italy 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Ecuador 0.98 1.00 1.00 1.00
Kiribati 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98 1.00
Jordan 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.03 1.05
Hungary 0.98 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Netherlands 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00
Cuba 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Bulgaria 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Denmark 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00
New Zealand 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Barbados 1.00 1.02 0.98 1.02 0.99
Brunei Darussalam 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Sri Lanka 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Costa Rica 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.02
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Canada 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Chile 1.01 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Panama 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Fiji 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Belgium 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.01 1.02
United Kingdom 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.02
Spain 1.02 1.00 1.03 1.02 1.02
Argentina 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.03
Norway 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03 1.03
United States 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02
Colombia 1.04 1.03 1.07 1.02 1.03
Philippines 1.04 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Qatar 1.04 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.96
Sweden 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.07
Ireland 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05
Finland 1.06 1.07 1.06 1.08 1.09
Jamaica 1.07 1.05 1.05 1.05
Seychelles 1.07 1.08 1.05 1.03
Grenada 1.07 1.09 1.06 1.03 1.02
France 1.09 1.05 1.05 1.04
St. Lucia 1.10 1.06 1.04 1.04 1.08
Botswana 1.19 1.15 1.13 1.11
Lesotho 1.40 1.35 1.33 1.30 1.29
Dominica
Cambodia
Saudi Arabia
Guyana 0.95 0.96
Puerto Rico
Latvia
Slovenia
Djibouti 0.71 0.72 0.72 0.71
Haiti
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Australia
Eritrea
Sierra Leone 0.62 0.62
Angola 0.82 0.79
South Sudan
Liberia
Suriname
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Timor-Leste
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Lithuania
Poland
Bolivia
Romania
Macao SAR, China
San Marino
Macedonia, FYR
Serbia
Madagascar
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bhutan 0.45 0.46
Armenia
Malaysia
Ethiopia 0.61
Maldives
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.08 1.04
Bermuda
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Marshall Islands
Equatorial Guinea
Benin 0.46
Turkmenistan
Guam
Ukraine
Uruguay
Iceland 0.96 0.96
Czech Republic 1.05 1.05 1.03 1.03
Portugal
Venezuela, RB 1.06 1.06
Cabo Verde
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Russian Federation
Brazil
Samoa
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
Belize
Aruba
Chad 0.35
Israel 1.04 1.05 1.05
Myanmar
Singapore
Namibia
Slovak Republic
Belarus
Solomon Islands
Germany
South Africa
New Caledonia
Faroe Islands
Kazakhstan
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.98 0.90
Nicaragua 1.09 1.10 1.12 1.24
St. Martin (French part)
Dominican Republic
Sudan
Bahamas, The 1.09 1.08 1.08
Swaziland
Northern Mariana Islands
Estonia
French Polynesia
Tajikistan
Azerbaijan
Thailand
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.76
Togo 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.56
Palau
Trinidad and Tobago 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.02
Honduras 1.02 1.02 1.03
Turkey 0.75 0.77
Papua New Guinea 0.78
Turks and Caicos Islands
Paraguay
Andorra 1.03
Curacao
El Salvador 0.98 0.99
Yemen, Rep.
Croatia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Uzbekistan
Moldova
Monaco
Vietnam
Mongolia 1.05
West Bank and Gaza
Montenegro
American Samoa
Lebanon 0.96 0.93

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