Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Nepal 0.36 0.37 0.39 0.41 0.42
Guinea-Bissau 0.45 0.44 0.46 0.47 0.48
Guinea 0.46 0.46 0.45 0.45 0.43
Pakistan 0.47 0.47 0.46 0.46 0.47
Afghanistan 0.25 0.49 0.48 0.48
Central African Republic 0.53 0.53
Somalia 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.54 0.53
Oman 0.50 0.54 0.58 0.63 0.69
Mali 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55
Togo 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.56
Burkina Faso 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.59
Burundi 0.62 0.61 0.62 0.64 0.67
India 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.63
Morocco 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.64 0.65
Senegal 0.63 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.65
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.65 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.60
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.67 0.69 0.70 0.72 0.74
Malawi 0.67 0.69 0.71 0.72 0.73
Djibouti 0.71 0.72 0.72 0.71
Mozambique 0.70 0.71 0.71 0.73
Uganda 0.72 0.72
Tunisia 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.76 0.78
Algeria 0.73 0.74 0.76 0.77
Syrian Arab Republic 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78 0.80
Turkey 0.75 0.77
Nigeria 0.76 0.75 0.71 0.68
Ghana 0.76 0.77 0.75 0.75 0.74
Iraq 0.78 0.79 0.79 0.78 0.76
Cameroon 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.80 0.80
China 0.81 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.80
Angola 0.82 0.79
Zambia 0.86 0.86
Indonesia 0.84 0.86 0.90 0.90
Congo, Rep. 0.86 0.86 0.87 0.89
Bahrain 0.85 0.86 0.91 0.94 0.97
Guatemala 0.85 0.87 0.86
Kenya 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.90 0.90
Rwanda 0.90 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.91
Zimbabwe 0.91 0.90 0.90 0.89 0.89
Gabon 0.91 0.91 0.92 0.92 0.93
Albania 0.91 0.92 0.95 0.94 0.93
Tanzania 0.90 0.92 0.95 0.98
Peru 0.94 0.92 0.94
Malta 0.92 0.93 0.92 0.93 0.95
Austria 0.92 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.94
Kuwait 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.97 0.97
Switzerland 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.95
Mexico 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.95
Korea, Rep. 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.98
Mauritius 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.96
Greece 0.95 0.96 0.99 0.99 0.99
Lebanon 0.96 0.93
Tonga 0.96 0.97 1.02 1.04
Luxembourg 0.87 0.97 0.95 0.95
Kiribati 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.99
United Arab Emirates 0.96 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97
Malaysia 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.99 1.00
Italy 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Qatar 1.04 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.96
Netherlands 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00
Chile 1.02 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Hungary 0.98 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Bulgaria 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Cuba 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Spain 1.02 1.00 1.03 1.02 1.02
United States 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Denmark 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00
Canada 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Jordan 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.03 1.05
New Zealand 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.01
Trinidad and Tobago 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.02
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Brunei Darussalam 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Belgium 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.01 1.02
Panama 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Sri Lanka 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
United Kingdom 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.02
Honduras 1.02 1.02 1.03
Argentina 1.03 1.02 1.03 1.04
Philippines 1.04 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.02
Barbados 1.01 1.03 0.99 1.02 0.99
Costa Rica 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.01 1.01
Colombia 1.04 1.03 1.07 1.02 1.03
Norway 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03 1.03
Czech Republic 1.05 1.05 1.03 1.03
Ireland 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05
France 1.10 1.05 1.05 1.05
St. Lucia 1.10 1.06 1.04 1.04 1.08
Sweden 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.07
Finland 1.06 1.07 1.06 1.08 1.09
Seychelles 1.06 1.08 1.05 1.03
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.08 1.04
Nicaragua 1.08 1.09 1.11 1.24
Grenada 1.07 1.09 1.06 1.03 1.02
Bahamas, The 1.09 1.08 1.08
Lesotho 1.40 1.35 1.33 1.30 1.29
Slovak Republic
Guam
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Chad 0.35
Cayman Islands
Kazakhstan
Georgia 0.83
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.98 0.90
Kyrgyz Republic 0.97
Germany
Lao PDR 0.81
El Salvador 0.98 1.00
Latvia
Comoros 0.68
Cambodia
South Africa
Aruba
Sudan
Curacao
Tajikistan
Liberia
Guyana 0.98 0.99
Libya 0.85 0.87
Paraguay
Liechtenstein
Portugal
Lithuania
Russian Federation
Gambia, The 0.51 0.53 0.56 0.56
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.77
Macao SAR, China
Singapore
Macedonia, FYR
Solomon Islands
Madagascar
Iceland 0.96 0.96
Cabo Verde
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Swaziland
Maldives
French Polynesia
Thailand
Jamaica 1.06 1.04 1.04 1.04
Dominica
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Mauritania 0.50
Papua New Guinea 0.78
Brazil
Equatorial Guinea
Botswana 1.19 1.15 1.13 1.11
Poland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Puerto Rico
Samoa
Romania
Sao Tome and Principe
Belarus
Fiji 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
San Marino
Vanuatu 0.92
Saudi Arabia
Vietnam
Serbia
West Bank and Gaza
Sierra Leone 0.62 0.62
Andorra 1.03
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Faeroe Islands
Slovenia
Namibia
Bangladesh 0.57 0.62 0.61
Bhutan 0.45 0.46
South Sudan
Ethiopia 0.61
Ecuador 0.98 1.00 1.00 1.00
New Caledonia
Croatia
Estonia
Cote d'Ivoire 0.62 0.64 0.65
Antigua and Barbuda
Suriname
Israel 1.04 1.05 1.05
Haiti
Bermuda
Azerbaijan
Northern Mariana Islands
Australia
Isle of Man
Timor-Leste
Benin 0.46
Dominican Republic
Belize
Armenia
Palau
Turkmenistan
Eritrea
Tuvalu
Niger 0.52
Ukraine
Moldova
Uruguay
Monaco
Mongolia 1.05
Uzbekistan
Montenegro
Venezuela, RB 1.06 1.06
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bolivia
Yemen, Rep.
Myanmar
American Samoa

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