Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Nepal 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.41 0.41
Guinea 0.46 0.46 0.45 0.45 0.43
Bhutan 0.45 0.46
Guinea-Bissau 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.46 0.48
Pakistan 0.47 0.48 0.46 0.46 0.47
Somalia 0.53 0.53 0.53 0.54 0.53
Gambia, The 0.51 0.53 0.56 0.56
Mali 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55
Togo 0.57 0.57 0.57 0.56
Oman 0.50 0.54 0.58 0.63 0.69
Burkina Faso 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.59
Burundi 0.62 0.61 0.62 0.64 0.67
Cote d'Ivoire 0.62 0.64 0.65
Senegal 0.63 0.64 0.64 0.64 0.65
India 0.62 0.62 0.64 0.63
Morocco 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.64 0.65
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.65 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.60
Mozambique 0.70 0.71 0.71 0.73
Nigeria 0.76 0.75 0.71 0.68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.68 0.69 0.71 0.73 0.74
Djibouti 0.71 0.72 0.72 0.71
Malawi 0.70 0.71 0.73 0.73 0.74
Tunisia 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.76 0.78
Ghana 0.76 0.77 0.75 0.75 0.74
Syrian Arab Republic 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78 0.80
China 0.79 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.79
Angola 0.82 0.79
Iraq 0.78 0.79 0.79 0.78 0.76
Cameroon 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.80 0.80
Guatemala 0.84 0.86 0.85
Libya 0.85 0.87
Kenya 0.89 0.89 0.89 0.90 0.90
Indonesia 0.84 0.86 0.90 0.90
Zimbabwe 0.91 0.90 0.90 0.89 0.89
Rwanda 0.90 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.91
Bahrain 0.85 0.86 0.91 0.94 0.97
Gabon 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.92 0.93
Malta 0.92 0.93 0.92 0.93 0.95
Austria 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.95
Mexico 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.95
Kuwait 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.95 0.95
Switzerland 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.95
Tanzania 0.90 0.92 0.95 0.98
Luxembourg 0.87 0.97 0.95 0.95
Mauritius 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.96
Albania 0.92 0.93 0.96 0.95 0.94
Korea, Rep. 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.98
Iceland 0.96 0.96
Qatar 1.04 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.96
El Salvador 0.98 0.99
United Arab Emirates 0.96 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97
Barbados 1.00 1.02 0.98 1.02 0.99
Italy 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Canada 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Greece 0.95 0.97 0.99 0.99 1.00
Kiribati 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.98 1.00
Netherlands 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00
Denmark 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00
Chile 1.01 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Hungary 0.98 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Bulgaria 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Ecuador 0.98 1.00 1.00 1.00
New Zealand 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Cuba 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Costa Rica 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Panama 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Brunei Darussalam 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Fiji 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Sri Lanka 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
United Kingdom 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.02
United States 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02
Honduras 1.02 1.02 1.03
Jordan 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.03 1.05
Philippines 1.04 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Belgium 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.01 1.02
Norway 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.03 1.03
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
Andorra 1.03
Trinidad and Tobago 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.02
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.02
Spain 1.02 1.00 1.03 1.02 1.02
Israel 1.04 1.05 1.05
St. Lucia 1.10 1.06 1.04 1.04 1.08
Czech Republic 1.05 1.05 1.03 1.03
Ireland 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05
France 1.09 1.05 1.05 1.04
Seychelles 1.07 1.08 1.05 1.03
Mongolia 1.05
Jamaica 1.07 1.05 1.05 1.05
Sweden 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.07
Grenada 1.07 1.09 1.06 1.03 1.02
Finland 1.06 1.07 1.06 1.08 1.09
Colombia 1.04 1.03 1.07 1.02 1.03
Bahamas, The 1.09 1.08 1.08
Nicaragua 1.09 1.10 1.12 1.24
Botswana 1.19 1.15 1.13 1.11
Lesotho 1.40 1.35 1.33 1.30 1.29
Bolivia
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Portugal
Ethiopia 0.61
Faroe Islands
Uzbekistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Venezuela, RB 1.06 1.06
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.98 0.90
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Paraguay
Yemen, Rep.
Russian Federation
Bermuda
Guyana 0.95 0.96
Tajikistan
South Africa
Armenia
Sudan
Liberia
Isle of Man
Benin 0.46
Chad 0.35
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Lithuania
Haiti
Estonia
Samoa
Macao SAR, China
Antigua and Barbuda
Macedonia, FYR
Singapore
Madagascar
Solomon Islands
Belize
Germany
Malaysia
St. Martin (French part)
Maldives
Kazakhstan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Thailand
Belarus
Aruba
Eritrea
Palau
Comoros 0.68
Papua New Guinea 0.78
Equatorial Guinea
Peru 0.93 0.92 0.94
Central African Republic 0.53 0.53
Poland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Puerto Rico
Moldova
Romania
Monaco
Argentina 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.03
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.76
San Marino
Montenegro
Saudi Arabia
Bangladesh 0.57 0.62 0.61
Serbia
Algeria 0.73 0.74 0.76 0.77
Sierra Leone 0.62 0.62
Slovak Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkey 0.75 0.77
Slovenia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Georgia 0.83
Uganda 0.73 0.72
South Sudan
Brazil
Cabo Verde
Dominica
Guam
Swaziland
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.08 1.04
Curacao
Suriname
Niger 0.52
Greenland
Australia
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Croatia
French Polynesia
Timor-Leste
Myanmar
Tonga 0.96 0.97 1.02 1.04
Namibia
Congo, Rep. 0.86 0.86 0.87 0.89
Azerbaijan
Turkmenistan
Dominican Republic
Tuvalu
Cambodia
Ukraine
New Caledonia
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 0.50
Uruguay
Kyrgyz Republic 0.97
Vanuatu 0.92
Lao PDR 0.81
Vietnam
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan 0.24 0.49 0.47 0.48
Zambia 0.86 0.86
Lebanon 0.96 0.93

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