Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Nepal 0.42 0.43 0.46 0.52 0.55
Guinea 0.43 0.41 0.42 0.42
Benin 0.47 0.47
Pakistan 0.49 0.49 0.50 0.49 0.50
Somalia 0.52
Afghanistan 0.53 0.50
Togo 0.55 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.58
Gambia, The 0.57 0.59 0.58
Central African Republic 0.58 0.57 0.57 0.58 0.59
Burkina Faso 0.59
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.61 0.70 0.68
Bangladesh 0.63 0.62 0.72 0.73 0.75
Senegal 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68
Morocco 0.65 0.66 0.66 0.66 0.69
India 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.67
Burundi 0.69 0.72 0.76 0.78 0.79
Djibouti 0.71 0.71 0.72 0.72
Comoros 0.73 0.77
Mozambique 0.74 0.74 0.73
Oman 0.74 0.78 0.81 0.83 0.85
Iraq 0.76 0.77 0.79 0.77
Malawi 0.76 0.78 0.79 0.80 0.81
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.76 0.77 0.76 0.80 0.82
Turkey 0.77 0.77 0.78 0.78 0.78
Algeria 0.78 0.79 0.80 0.81 0.82
Tunisia 0.79 0.80 0.81 0.82 0.84
Solomon Islands 0.79 0.82
Papua New Guinea 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.81 0.82
Uganda 0.80 0.78
Nigeria 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.79
Cameroon 0.80 0.81 0.81 0.82 0.82
China 0.81 0.83 0.83 0.84 0.85
Lao PDR 0.81 0.79 0.77
Syrian Arab Republic 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.84 0.85
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.82 1.02 1.02 1.01
Zambia 0.87 0.87
Georgia 0.87
Congo, Rep. 0.90 0.88 0.91 0.90 0.89
Zimbabwe 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.92 0.96
Kenya 0.91 0.91 0.92
Myanmar 0.91 0.90 0.91 0.92 0.92
Libya 0.91
Rwanda 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.95 0.95
Gabon 0.92 0.94 0.94 0.97
Austria 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.94
Kuwait 0.94 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.94
Albania 0.94 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.94
Grenada 0.94 0.96
Switzerland 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.97
Qatar 0.95 1.06 1.05 1.06 1.06
Malta 0.95 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.95
Paraguay 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.98 0.98
Iceland 0.96 0.98 0.98
Mexico 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Mauritius 0.96 0.97 0.99 1.00 1.00
Guyana 0.97 0.97
Belize 0.98 0.97
Kyrgyz Republic 0.98 0.99 1.00
Korea, Rep. 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98
Netherlands 0.98 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97
Tanzania 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.97
Bahrain 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.03
Canada 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00
United Arab Emirates 0.99 1.03 1.05 1.06 1.06
Italy 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00
Greece 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Chile 0.99 1.00 1.00
Luxembourg 0.99 1.00 1.02
Costa Rica 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Bulgaria 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
New Zealand 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
Ecuador 1.00 1.00 1.00
Denmark 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.01
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.00
Cuba 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.03 1.05
Seychelles 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Fiji 1.00 1.01
Kiribati 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.02
Portugal 1.01 0.96 0.97
Tonga 1.01 0.99
Belgium 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Panama 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Philippines 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.00
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01
Argentina 1.01 1.02 1.06
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.02 1.02 1.02
United Kingdom 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.02
Sri Lanka 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02
United States 1.02 1.01 1.00
Czech Republic 1.03 1.10 1.10 0.97 0.94
Norway 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02
Colombia 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02
France 1.04 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03
Spain 1.04 1.05 1.04 1.04 1.03
Jordan 1.04 1.04 1.06 1.03 1.02
Ireland 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.05 1.05
Israel 1.05 1.04 1.05 1.04 1.04
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.06 1.06
Venezuela, RB 1.06 1.06 1.06 1.06
Suriname 1.06 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.16
Jamaica 1.06 1.02 1.03 1.04
Dominica 1.07 1.06 1.02
Bahamas, The 1.07
St. Lucia 1.07 1.06 1.03
Botswana 1.08 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.08
Finland 1.08 1.09 1.08 1.08 1.09
Nicaragua 1.21 1.21 1.22 1.20
Lesotho 1.30 1.31 1.31 1.30 1.29
Romania 0.98 0.98
Cote d'Ivoire
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Serbia
Cabo Verde 0.96 0.98 0.99 0.99
Brunei Darussalam
Macao SAR, China 0.99
Poland 1.00 1.00
Macedonia, FYR
San Marino
Madagascar 0.92 0.95 0.96
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ethiopia
Malaysia
Antigua and Barbuda
Maldives
Peru
Mali 0.58 0.57 0.59 0.59
Puerto Rico
Honduras
Croatia
Marshall Islands
Saudi Arabia
Mauritania 0.62 0.65 0.65 0.67
Sierra Leone 0.63 0.66 0.64
Haiti
Slovenia
Vietnam
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Isle of Man
Guinea-Bissau 0.52 0.52 0.55
Kazakhstan
Andorra
Ukraine
Guatemala
Curacao
Uzbekistan
Latvia
Liberia
French Polynesia
Bhutan
Brazil
Bermuda
Russian Federation
Namibia 1.11
Samoa
American Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe 0.95
Guam
Barbados 1.03 0.95
New Caledonia
Indonesia 0.91 0.92 0.93
Chad 0.37 0.40 0.42
Singapore
Sweden 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.02
Slovak Republic
Azerbaijan
Faroe Islands
Eritrea
South Africa 1.03 1.03
Timor-Leste
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.79 0.82
El Salvador 1.01 0.99
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Australia
St. Martin (French part)
Turkmenistan
Sudan
Tuvalu
Swaziland
Niger 0.52 0.53 0.53
Estonia
Angola
Tajikistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Thailand
Greenland
Equatorial Guinea
Ghana 0.76 0.77 0.78 0.78
Trinidad and Tobago 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.03
Germany
Aruba
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cambodia
Armenia
Belarus
Cayman Islands
Mongolia
Montenegro
Uruguay
Dominican Republic
Vanuatu
Bolivia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Moldova 1.05
Yemen, Rep.
Monaco
Lebanon

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