Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Guinea 0.43 0.43 0.45
Niger 0.53 0.54 0.56
Afghanistan 0.54 0.35 0.42 0.46
Nepal 0.58 0.62 0.63 0.66 0.68
Togo 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.61
Mali 0.59 0.58 0.60 0.62 0.65
Central African Republic 0.61 0.62
Sierra Leone 0.66
Ethiopia 0.69 0.76 0.74 0.68 0.64
Mauritania 0.70 0.73 0.76 0.79 0.80
Morocco 0.70 0.70 0.71 0.73 0.74
Mozambique 0.71 0.71 0.70 0.69 0.69
Turkey 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.80 0.80
Burundi 0.81 0.80 0.80
Solomon Islands 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.84
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.82 0.85 0.86 0.84 0.88
Papua New Guinea 0.82 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.85
Malawi 0.83 0.89 0.92 0.89
Cameroon 0.83 0.87 0.85
Algeria 0.83 0.84 0.85 0.87 0.88
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.85 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89
Tunisia 0.85 0.87 0.89 0.91 0.92
Syrian Arab Republic 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.89
China 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.91 0.92
Oman 0.89 0.91 0.94 0.96 0.97
Zimbabwe 0.92 0.94 0.94
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 0.93
Vanuatu 0.93
Indonesia 0.93 0.94 0.92 0.93 0.93
Albania 0.94 0.99 1.03 0.99 0.96
Myanmar 0.94 0.95 0.94 0.95
Malta 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.94 0.95
Austria 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.96
Rwanda 0.96 0.95
Peru 0.96 0.96
Tanzania 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.97
Switzerland 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96
Netherlands 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.95 0.96
Thailand 0.97 0.97 0.97
Mexico 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Czech Republic 0.98 1.08 1.05 1.01 1.02
Paraguay 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Georgia 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.94 0.94
Belize 0.98 0.97 0.98
Fiji 0.98 1.00
Greece 0.99 0.99 1.01 0.98 1.02
Korea, Rep. 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Bulgaria 0.99 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99
Canada 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Italy 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 0.99
Chile 1.00 1.00 1.01
Seychelles 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.01
Brunei Darussalam 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.01
Romania 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01
New Zealand 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.01 0.99
United States 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
Azerbaijan 1.00 0.99 0.97 0.95 1.07
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.02 1.02
Poland 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Denmark 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02
Costa Rica 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02
Tonga 1.01 1.00
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Latvia 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.05 1.04
Belgium 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.04
Cyprus 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00
Trinidad and Tobago 1.01 1.01 1.01
Malaysia 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.03
El Salvador 1.02 1.01 1.00
Kiribati 1.02 1.02 1.06
Norway 1.02 1.01 0.99 0.99 0.97
Jordan 1.02 1.04 1.04 1.04
United Kingdom 1.02 1.02
Sweden 1.02 1.02 1.08 1.08 1.09
Jamaica 1.02 1.00
Bahrain 1.02 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.02
France 1.02 1.02 1.02 0.99 0.99
Sri Lanka 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.03
Portugal 1.03 1.04 1.02 1.01
St. Lucia 1.03 1.04 1.07
American Samoa 1.03 1.01
Spain 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.05 1.05
South Africa 1.04 1.02
Israel 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.02
Qatar 1.04 1.02 1.00 0.95 0.93
Honduras 1.04
Ireland 1.05 1.04 1.02 1.02 1.03
United Arab Emirates 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.02 1.01
French Polynesia 1.05 1.06 1.09
Venezuela, RB 1.05 1.05 1.05
Moldova 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.02
Cuba 1.06 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.05
Mongolia 1.06 1.15 1.19 1.20
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.07
Namibia 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.04 1.03
Suriname 1.07 1.06 1.03
Colombia 1.08 1.10 1.07 1.05
Botswana 1.09 1.07 1.06 1.04 1.04
Finland 1.09 1.11 1.09 1.09 1.08
Lesotho 1.29 1.28 1.26 1.24
Congo, Rep. 0.89
Kuwait 0.97 0.98 1.01 1.04
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kyrgyz Republic 1.02
Sudan
Lao PDR 0.77 0.76 0.76 0.78
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kenya
Chad 0.45 0.45
Kazakhstan 1.04
Benin
Isle of Man
Uzbekistan
Liberia
Sao Tome and Principe
Libya
Slovak Republic 1.02 1.02 1.03
Liechtenstein
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.99 1.01
Lithuania 0.96 1.02
Bolivia
Luxembourg
Bangladesh
Macao SAR, China 1.00 1.01
Aruba
Macedonia, FYR 0.98 0.98 0.98
Andorra
Madagascar
Samoa 1.11 1.07
Iraq 0.79
Senegal 0.70
India 0.73 0.74 0.74
Singapore
Maldives 0.99 1.00
Comoros
Iceland 0.99 0.99 0.98
Cayman Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
Swaziland
Haiti
Tajikistan
Mauritius
Belarus
Guyana
Australia 1.00 1.00 1.00
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Uganda 0.77 0.90
Guinea-Bissau
Argentina
Monaco
Angola
Guatemala 0.87
Yemen, Rep.
Montenegro
Cote d'Ivoire
Guam
San Marino
Grenada 1.04
Saudi Arabia
Greenland
Serbia
Ghana 0.84
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.70 0.71 0.67 0.67
Germany 0.99 0.97 0.98 0.98
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Gambia, The 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.69
Slovenia 1.02 1.02 1.02
New Caledonia
Somalia
Gabon 0.98 0.96
South Sudan
Nicaragua
Cambodia
Faeroe Islands
Cabo Verde 0.97
Nigeria
Burkina Faso 0.64
Northern Mariana Islands
Brazil
Estonia 1.03 1.02 1.05 1.05
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Eritrea
Bhutan
Pakistan
Bermuda
Palau
Timor-Leste
Panama
Barbados
Equatorial Guinea 0.82 0.87
Bahamas, The 1.02 1.02 1.00
Ecuador 1.00
Turkmenistan
Dominican Republic
Tuvalu
Philippines
Ukraine 1.04 1.04
Dominica
Armenia
Djibouti 0.71 0.78 0.77 0.76
Uruguay 1.07 1.07
Puerto Rico
Antigua and Barbuda 0.94
Curacao
Vietnam
Croatia 1.02 1.02 1.01
West Bank and Gaza 0.97
Russian Federation 1.01
Zambia
Lebanon 1.05 1.05 1.07

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