Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Niger 0.53 0.54 0.56
Mali 0.59 0.58 0.60 0.62 0.65
Togo 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.61
Nepal 0.58 0.62 0.63 0.66 0.68
Central African Republic 0.61 0.62
Gambia, The 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.69
Senegal 0.70
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.70 0.71 0.67 0.67
Morocco 0.70 0.70 0.71 0.73 0.74
Mozambique 0.71 0.71 0.70 0.69 0.69
Djibouti 0.71 0.78 0.77 0.76
Mauritania 0.70 0.73 0.76 0.79 0.80
Ethiopia 0.69 0.76 0.74 0.68 0.64
Uganda 0.77 0.90
Lao PDR 0.77 0.76 0.76 0.78
Turkey 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.80 0.80
Burundi 0.81 0.80 0.80
Solomon Islands 0.82 0.82 0.82 0.84
Papua New Guinea 0.82 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.85
Algeria 0.83 0.84 0.85 0.87 0.88
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.82 0.85 0.86 0.84 0.88
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.85 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89
Syrian Arab Republic 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.89
Tunisia 0.85 0.87 0.89 0.91 0.92
Cameroon 0.83 0.87 0.85
China 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.91 0.92
Congo, Rep. 0.89
Oman 0.89 0.91 0.94 0.96 0.97
Zimbabwe 0.92 0.94 0.94
Indonesia 0.93 0.94 0.92 0.93 0.93
Antigua and Barbuda 0.94
Malta 0.95 0.94 0.95 0.94 0.95
Myanmar 0.94 0.95 0.94 0.95
Austria 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.96
Rwanda 0.96 0.95
Tanzania 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.97
Mexico 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Georgia 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.94 0.94
Netherlands 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.95 0.96
Switzerland 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.96
Kuwait 0.97 0.98 1.01 1.04
Thailand 0.97 0.97 0.97
Germany 0.99 0.97 0.98 0.98
Azerbaijan 1.00 0.99 0.97 0.95 1.07
Canada 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
New Zealand 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.01 0.99
Greece 0.99 0.99 1.01 0.98 1.02
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.99 1.01
Albania 0.94 0.99 1.03 0.99 0.96
Bulgaria 0.99 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99
Korea, Rep. 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Italy 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 0.99
Fiji 0.98 1.00
Seychelles 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.01
Chile 1.00 1.00 1.01
Poland 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Hungary 1.00 1.00 1.02 1.02
Macao SAR, China 1.00 1.01
Romania 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01
American Samoa 1.03 1.01
Norway 1.02 1.01 0.99 0.99 0.97
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Denmark 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.02
El Salvador 1.02 1.01 1.00
Belgium 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.04
Trinidad and Tobago 1.01 1.01 1.01
Costa Rica 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.02
Cyprus 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00
Brunei Darussalam 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.01
Bahamas, The 1.02 1.02 1.00
United Kingdom 1.02 1.02
France 1.02 1.02 1.02 0.99 0.99
Kyrgyz Republic 1.02
Malaysia 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.03
Kiribati 1.02 1.02 1.06
Qatar 1.04 1.02 1.00 0.95 0.93
Sweden 1.02 1.02 1.08 1.08 1.09
Israel 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.02
Estonia 1.03 1.02 1.05 1.05
Sri Lanka 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.03
Latvia 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.05 1.04
Bahrain 1.02 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.02
Jordan 1.02 1.04 1.04 1.04
Ireland 1.05 1.04 1.02 1.02 1.03
St. Lucia 1.03 1.04 1.07
Spain 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.05 1.05
United Arab Emirates 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.02 1.01
Venezuela, RB 1.05 1.05 1.05
Lebanon 1.05 1.05 1.07
Moldova 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.02
Namibia 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.04 1.03
French Polynesia 1.05 1.06 1.09
Suriname 1.07 1.06 1.03
Cuba 1.06 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.05
Botswana 1.09 1.07 1.06 1.04 1.04
Czech Republic 0.98 1.08 1.05 1.01 1.02
Colombia 1.08 1.10 1.07 1.05
Finland 1.09 1.11 1.09 1.09 1.08
Lesotho 1.29 1.28 1.26 1.24
Somalia
Guyana
Haiti
Guinea-Bissau
Hong Kong SAR, China
Guinea 0.43 0.43 0.45
Serbia
Guatemala 0.87
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
West Bank and Gaza 0.97
Afghanistan 0.54 0.35 0.42 0.46
San Marino
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.07
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Timor-Leste
Brazil
Liberia
Bolivia
Libya
Bangladesh
Liechtenstein
Vanuatu 0.93
Lithuania 0.96 1.02
Iraq 0.79
Luxembourg
Chad 0.45 0.45
Grenada 1.04
Saudi Arabia
Macedonia, FYR 0.98 0.98 0.98
Sierra Leone 0.66
Madagascar
Slovenia 1.02 1.02 1.02
Malawi 0.83 0.89 0.92 0.89
South Sudan
Greenland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Maldives 0.99 1.00
Isle of Man
Ghana 0.84
Kazakhstan 1.04
Gabon 0.98 0.96
Tonga 1.01 1.00
Marshall Islands
Turkmenistan
Jamaica 1.02 1.00
Uruguay 1.07 1.07
Mauritius
Vietnam
Puerto Rico
Zambia
Kenya
Portugal 1.03 1.04 1.02 1.01
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Comoros
Iceland 0.99 0.99 0.98
Russian Federation 1.01
Monaco
Samoa 1.11 1.07
Mongolia 1.06 1.15 1.19 1.20
Sao Tome and Principe
Montenegro
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Cambodia
Eritrea
Singapore
Equatorial Guinea 0.82 0.87
Slovak Republic 1.02 1.02 1.03
India 0.73 0.74 0.74
Cabo Verde 0.97
Ecuador 1.00
South Africa 1.04 1.02
Dominican Republic
Burkina Faso 0.64
New Caledonia
Honduras 1.04
Dominica
St. Martin (French part)
Nicaragua
Sudan
Bermuda
Swaziland
Benin
Bhutan
Nigeria
Tajikistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Belize 0.98 0.97 0.98
Curacao
Belarus
Tuvalu
Barbados
Ukraine 1.04 1.04
Australia 1.00 1.00 1.00
Argentina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Pakistan
Aruba
Palau
Armenia
Panama
United States 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
Croatia 1.02 1.02 1.01
Uzbekistan
Paraguay 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Angola
Peru 0.96 0.96
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 0.93
Philippines
Yemen, Rep.
Cote d'Ivoire
Andorra

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