Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014
Chad 0.44 0.46
Central African Republic 0.55 0.51
Afghanistan 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.56
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.59 0.59 0.62 0.62
Yemen, Rep. 0.63 0.65 0.69
Niger 0.64 0.67 0.69 0.70
Pakistan 0.75 0.73 0.73 0.79
Burundi 0.71 0.73 0.78 0.85
Papua New Guinea 0.76
Djibouti 0.80 0.77 0.77 0.81
Eritrea 0.79 0.80 0.80
Burkina Faso 0.78 0.81 0.85 0.87
Sierra Leone 0.73 0.84 0.85
Mauritania 0.85 0.85 0.94 0.91
Liechtenstein 0.83 0.85
Morocco 0.86 0.85
Cameroon 0.85 0.86 0.86 0.85
Tanzania 0.86 0.91
Congo, Rep. 0.87
Malta 0.85 0.87 0.88 0.89
Lao PDR 0.85 0.87 0.89 0.91
Malawi 0.90 0.89 0.90 0.91
Mozambique 0.86 0.89 0.91 0.92
Ghana 0.90 0.90 0.91 0.94
Tajikistan 0.88 0.90 0.90
Ethiopia 0.88 0.91
Sudan 0.92 0.91
Kenya 0.93
Guatemala 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.94
Solomon Islands 0.91 0.94
Germany 0.95 0.95 0.95
Turkey 0.92 0.95 0.97
India 0.94 0.95 1.01
Madagascar 0.95 0.95 0.98
Albania 0.97 0.96 0.94 0.93
Bulgaria 0.95 0.96 0.95 0.97
Greece 0.95 0.96 0.96
Austria 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.95
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.93 0.96 0.96 0.97
Lithuania 0.98 0.96 0.96
Belarus 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98
Australia 0.97 0.97 0.95
Zimbabwe 0.97
Latvia 0.97 0.97 0.97
Switzerland 0.97 0.97
Belgium 0.97 0.97 1.14
Ukraine 0.97 0.98 0.97 0.98
Macedonia, FYR 0.98
Hungary 0.98 0.98 1.00
Netherlands 0.99 0.98 0.99
Italy 0.98 0.98 0.98
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.99 0.98 0.99 0.99
Russian Federation 0.98 0.98 0.99
Peru 1.00 0.98 1.00 1.00
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.99 0.98 0.98
St. Lucia 0.97 0.99 1.00 0.99
El Salvador 0.98 0.99 0.99
Azerbaijan 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.99
Norway 0.99 0.99 0.97
Sweden 0.99 0.99 1.13
Romania 0.99 0.99 0.98
Poland 0.99 0.99 0.96
Swaziland 0.97 0.99 0.98
Macao SAR, China 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.98
Estonia 0.99 0.99 0.99
Seychelles 1.06 0.99 1.07 1.02
Slovenia 0.99 0.99 1.00
Guyana 1.00 0.99
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.99 0.99 0.97 0.96
Iceland 1.01 0.99
Bolivia 1.00 0.99 0.99
United Kingdom 1.00 1.00 1.04
Canada 0.98 1.00
Portugal 1.02 1.00 0.98
France 1.00 1.00 1.01
Czech Republic 1.00 1.00 1.01
Syrian Arab Republic 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00
Slovak Republic 1.01 1.00 1.02
Spain 1.01 1.01 1.00
China 1.00 1.01 1.02
Montenegro 1.00 1.01
Lebanon 1.01 1.01 1.01
Kazakhstan 1.01 1.02 1.03
Denmark 1.02 1.01 1.02
United States 1.01 1.01 1.01
Oman 0.93 1.01
Brunei Darussalam 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.00
Ecuador 1.01 1.02 1.05 1.04
Aruba 1.06 1.02
Moldova 1.02 1.02 1.01
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.00 1.00
Serbia 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.02
Israel 1.02 1.02 1.02
Ireland 1.03 1.02 1.02
San Marino 1.01 1.03
Nepal 0.98 1.03 1.05 1.06
Indonesia 1.01 1.03 0.97
Belize 1.06 1.03 1.04
Cuba 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.03
Luxembourg 1.03 1.04 1.03
Croatia 1.04 1.04
Costa Rica 1.04 1.04 1.06 1.05
Chile 1.03 1.04 1.02
Tonga 0.97 1.04 1.03
Finland 1.04 1.05 1.09
Sri Lanka 1.02 1.05 1.05
Panama 1.07 1.05 1.06
Mauritius 1.05 1.05 1.03 1.02
Jordan 1.06 1.05
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.04 1.05 1.18 1.03
New Zealand 1.05 1.05 1.06
Thailand 1.06 1.06 1.07
Botswana 1.06 1.06
Bhutan 1.04 1.06 1.07 1.07
Kuwait 0.94 1.06 1.08
Paraguay 1.06 1.07
Rwanda 1.03 1.07 1.07
Puerto Rico 1.04 1.08 1.06
Mexico 1.08 1.08 1.07
Argentina 1.11 1.09 1.08
Venezuela, RB 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.08
West Bank and Gaza 1.10 1.10 1.10 1.10
Fiji 1.08 1.11
Samoa 1.14 1.11 1.12
Dominican Republic 1.13 1.12 1.12 1.11
Sao Tome and Principe 1.14 1.13 1.10
Bangladesh 1.15 1.14 1.08
Antigua and Barbuda 0.99 1.15 1.01
Bermuda 1.18 1.16 1.17 1.14
Cabo Verde 1.16 1.17 1.15 1.14
South Africa 1.17 1.20 1.26
Honduras 1.21 1.21 1.21 1.17
Lesotho 1.41 1.40 1.39 1.37
Monaco
New Caledonia
Libya
Liberia 0.82 0.78
Faroe Islands
Nicaragua
Grenada 0.98
Curacao 1.05
St. Martin (French part)
Haiti
Myanmar 1.03
Nigeria
Uganda 0.85 0.87
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Cote d'Ivoire 0.71
Namibia
Gabon
Guam
Gambia, The
Barbados 1.04 1.03
Palau 1.03 1.06
Bahamas, The
Georgia 0.99 1.00
Trinidad and Tobago
Comoros 1.04
Turks and Caicos Islands
Singapore
United Arab Emirates
Greenland
Mongolia 1.03
Colombia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Philippines 1.10
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 1.00 1.01
Somalia
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Equatorial Guinea
Jamaica 1.08 1.08 1.08
Qatar 0.89
Benin 0.61 0.66 0.68
Cambodia
Isle of Man
Armenia
Suriname 1.33 1.31
Guinea 0.63 0.66
Bahrain
Togo
Iraq
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Mali 0.71 0.80 0.76
Malaysia
Timor-Leste 1.03 1.06 1.08
Korea, Rep. 0.99 0.98 0.99
Guinea-Bissau
Uzbekistan 0.99
Tunisia 1.05
Dominica 1.07
Turkmenistan 0.96
Vietnam
Tuvalu 1.26 1.25
Marshall Islands
Angola 0.65
Zambia
Andorra
Maldives
Uruguay
Saudi Arabia 0.81 0.76
Vanuatu
Senegal 0.91
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kiribati
American Samoa
Brazil
Algeria 1.04

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