Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Guinea-Bissau 0.24 0.21 0.25 0.23 0.27
Nepal 0.26 0.27 0.29 0.31 0.31
Togo 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.31
Central African Republic 0.35 0.35
Pakistan 0.37 0.37 0.35 0.35 0.36
Oman 0.33 0.38 0.38 0.42 0.46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.38 0.38 0.39 0.40 0.41
Guinea 0.39 0.39 0.37 0.38 0.36
Mozambique 0.37 0.39 0.43 0.45
Mali 0.41 0.40 0.39 0.41
Malawi 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.47 0.49
Afghanistan 0.26 0.45 0.46 0.46
Angola 0.48 0.49
Uganda 0.44 0.49
India 0.50 0.50 0.55 0.52
Somalia 0.48 0.50 0.52 0.55 0.55
Senegal 0.49 0.51 0.50 0.49 0.50
Iraq 0.50 0.52 0.55 0.56 0.57
Turkey 0.52 0.54 0.54
Tanzania 0.53 0.53 0.54 0.59
Zambia 0.55 0.55
Burkina Faso 0.52 0.55 0.52 0.53 0.55
Nigeria 0.52 0.56 0.42 0.35
Burundi 0.46 0.56 0.47 0.48 0.51
Cameroon 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.59 0.61
Syrian Arab Republic 0.59 0.60 0.62 0.64 0.66
Tunisia 0.60 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.68
Djibouti 0.62 0.63 0.60 0.61
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.62 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.68
Gabon 0.66 0.65 0.66 0.68 0.71
Ghana 0.64 0.65 0.63 0.62 0.63
Morocco 0.63 0.65 0.67 0.68 0.68
China 0.68 0.67 0.67 0.68 0.70
Algeria 0.66 0.68 0.71 0.73
Indonesia 0.69 0.70 0.74 0.74
Zimbabwe 0.73 0.70 0.69 0.68 0.68
Kenya 0.72 0.71 0.72 0.75 0.75
Congo, Rep. 0.71 0.71 0.71 0.75
Rwanda 0.79 0.80 0.78 0.77 0.78
Bahrain 0.81 0.85 0.86 0.91 0.92
Guatemala 0.85 0.85 0.88
Malta 0.85 0.86 0.88 0.87 0.96
Peru 0.87 0.88 0.90
Kuwait 0.90 0.89 0.90 0.91 0.91
Korea, Rep. 0.89 0.90 0.90 0.93 0.94
Mexico 0.89 0.90 0.90 0.92 0.90
Switzerland 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.91
Albania 0.90 0.91 0.94 0.94 0.91
Austria 0.90 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.93
Mauritius 0.93 0.92 0.90 0.88 0.91
Greece 0.90 0.93 0.97 0.98 0.98
Luxembourg 0.78 0.95 0.92 0.92
United Arab Emirates 0.89 0.96 0.96 0.94 0.96
Netherlands 0.95 0.96 0.97 0.96 0.97
Kiribati 0.94 0.97 0.97 0.92 1.01
Italy 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Jordan 0.93 0.98 1.00 1.03 1.04
Tonga 0.95 0.98 1.07 1.10
Bulgaria 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00 0.99
Hungary 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 1.00
Denmark 0.99 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Ecuador 1.00 1.00 1.04 1.03 1.02
Spain 1.04 1.00 1.07 1.05 1.05
Lebanon 1.01 0.94
Canada 1.02 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Trinidad and Tobago 1.02 1.03 1.03 1.02
Japan 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.03 1.02
Belgium 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.02 1.02
United Kingdom 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.03
New Zealand 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02
Cyprus 1.02 1.03 1.05 1.05 1.05
United States 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.03 1.02
Colombia 1.04 1.04 1.16 1.03 1.03
Chile 1.10 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.05
Cuba 1.06 1.06 1.08 1.05 1.06
Norway 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.07 1.06
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.07 1.06
Czech Republic 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.06
Brunei Darussalam 1.08 1.07 1.09 1.09
Barbados 1.00 1.07 1.03 1.04 1.02
Qatar 1.13 1.08 1.02 0.98 0.94
Philippines 1.19 1.10 1.10 1.07 1.07
Argentina 1.15 1.11 1.07 1.10 1.12
Sri Lanka 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.11 1.11
France 1.20 1.11 1.11 1.09
Ireland 1.12 1.12 1.11 1.11 1.10
Finland 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.17 1.17
Panama 1.12 1.12 1.13 1.13 1.12
Costa Rica 1.14 1.13 1.12 1.09 1.09
Bahamas, The 1.13 1.15 1.16
Sweden 1.11 1.14 1.13 1.13 1.13
Honduras 1.15 1.09 1.18
Seychelles 1.17 1.18 1.10 1.02
Nicaragua 1.19 1.23 1.42 2.09
St. Lucia 1.26 1.31 1.25 1.34 1.64
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.46 1.42 1.49
Grenada 1.41 1.47 1.35 1.17 1.18
Lesotho 1.54 1.50 1.55 1.50 1.48
Kazakhstan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
San Marino
Cote d'Ivoire 0.44 0.42 0.43
Aruba
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kyrgyz Republic 0.97
Bangladesh 0.24 0.41 0.40
Lao PDR 0.64
Croatia
Latvia
Serbia
Comoros 0.52
Israel 1.08 1.08 1.07
Fiji 1.06 1.06 1.03 1.03
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Timor-Leste
Romania
Tuvalu
Liberia
Vanuatu 0.76 0.67
Libya 0.69 0.74
Jamaica 1.15 1.11 1.10 1.09
Liechtenstein
Benin 0.40
Lithuania
Saudi Arabia
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.70
Sierra Leone 0.46 0.47
South Sudan
Slovenia
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Greenland
Suriname
Madagascar
Dominica
Ethiopia 0.56
Malaysia
Germany
Maldives
Australia
Chad 0.18
Turkmenistan
Cayman Islands
Ukraine
Marshall Islands
Uruguay
Mauritania 0.27
Vietnam
Dominican Republic
Andorra 1.11
Cambodia
Estonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Russian Federation
Moldova
Samoa
Monaco
Sao Tome and Principe
Mongolia 1.10
Belize
Montenegro
Guam
Cabo Verde
Singapore
Iceland 0.91 0.93 0.92
Slovak Republic
Myanmar
Solomon Islands
Namibia
South Africa
Brazil
Belarus
Botswana 1.25 1.19 1.15 1.13
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.97 0.97
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
El Salvador 0.99 1.02
Sudan
Haiti
Swaziland
Niger 0.37
Faroe Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tajikistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Thailand
Guyana 0.95 0.95
Azerbaijan 0.97
Bolivia
Georgia 0.76
Bhutan 0.21 0.21
Armenia
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Equatorial Guinea
Gambia, The 0.42 0.43 0.42 0.41
Papua New Guinea 0.58
Antigua and Barbuda
Paraguay
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Uzbekistan
Eritrea
Venezuela, RB 1.24 1.26
Poland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Portugal
Yemen, Rep.
Puerto Rico
American Samoa

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