Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Togo 31 31 31 32 31
Nepal 31 34 35 38 40
Guinea 36 36 33 33
Central African Republic 36 40 38 41
Benin 40 39 39
Pakistan 36 39 40 41 42
Gambia, The 41 41 42 41 41
Congo, Dem. Rep. 41 42 43 47
Bangladesh 41 47 46 48 50
Mozambique 45 48 49
Malawi 47 50 52 55 56
Senegal 50 50 51 50
Burundi 51 50 55 56 59
Afghanistan 46 51 50
Oman 46 51 56 62 67
Burkina Faso 55 52
Uganda 53
India 54 55 56 57
Turkey 54 55 56 57
Somalia 55 55
Iraq 57 57 60 62 64
Papua New Guinea 59 56 57 60
Zambia 60 59
Tanzania 59 62 65 69 73
Cameroon 61 63 65 66 67
Solomon Islands 64
Comoros 64 67
Djibouti 61 65 72 73 70
Morocco 68 67 67 66 66
Zimbabwe 68 68 71 72 74
Syrian Arab Republic 66 68 69 70 71
Tunisia 68 69 72 73 75
Egypt, Arab Rep. 68 69 71 73 74
China 71 71 73 73 74
Lao PDR 71 71
Nigeria 72 79 79
Gabon 71 73 73 77 88
Algeria 73 74 74 74 76
Congo, Rep. 75 78 80 82 81
Kenya 75 78 79 80
Rwanda 78 79 79 80 81
Georgia 83
Myanmar 86 87 89 90
Libya 86
Albania 90 90 91 92 92
Austria 92 91 90 91 92
Mauritius 91 91 92 98 98
Switzerland 91 91 92 92 93
Iceland 93 96 95
Kuwait 94 94 91 89 88
Mexico 89 94 95 97 98
Qatar 95 95 124 122 127
Bahrain 92 95 96 97 101
Korea, Rep. 94 96 98 95 95
Netherlands 97 96 95 94 93
Azerbaijan 96
Kyrgyz Republic 97 95
Greece 98 97 96 95 96
Seychelles 101 97 93 94 97
Malta 97 97 97 97 93
Luxembourg 98 99 102
Kiribati 101 99 97 98 84
Paraguay 99 98 98 105
Italy 99 99 99 99 99
St. Kitts and Nevis 97 99 105 109 108
Malaysia 101 99 102 103 104
Bulgaria 99 99 99 99 99
United Arab Emirates 97 100 113 120 123
Canada 100 100 100 100 102
Denmark 99 100 100 101 101
United States 99 100 101
Hungary 100 100 101 101 101
Belgium 102 101 101 101 101
New Zealand 103 102 101 101 101
Japan 102 102 102 102 102
Fiji 103 103 103
Colombia 103 103 103 103 103
United Kingdom 103 104 103 103 103
Ecuador 102 104 104 104
Cyprus 105 104 105 105 104
Guyana 100 105 103
Tonga 110 105
Philippines 107 105 104 99 99
Chile 106 105 105
Norway 106 105 105 105 105
Belize 106 103
Hong Kong SAR, China 106 106 106 105
Czech Republic 106 106 118 118 95
Cuba 106 107 106 108 111
Israel 107 107 107 107 107
Spain 105 108 108 108 107
Jordan 104 108 107 108 105
Costa Rica 112 109 107 105 104
France 110 109 108 108 107
Botswana 113 110 105 104 108
Ireland 111 110 110 110 110
Argentina 113 111 109 110
Sri Lanka 111 112 109 109 108
Jamaica 108 112 106 107 110
Panama 112 113 111 111 109
Bahamas, The 116 114 110
Portugal 115 114
Finland 117 117 117 117 116
Grenada 118 118 116 106 117
Venezuela, RB 126 123 123 123 124
Suriname 123 126 130 125
Dominica 126 131
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 149 148 132 155
Lesotho 148 153 159 160 155
St. Lucia 164 164 160
Nicaragua 208 183 174 175 163
Liechtenstein
El Salvador 110 103
Samoa
Macao SAR, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Singapore
Madagascar 84 93
Thailand
Kazakhstan
Barbados 103 106
Bermuda
Belarus 105 105 104
Maldives
South Africa 114
Mali 44 42 50
Faeroe Islands
Equatorial Guinea
Trinidad and Tobago 102 102 101 103
Marshall Islands
Ethiopia
Mauritania 42 43 44
Russian Federation
Croatia
Sao Tome and Principe 92
Cote d'Ivoire
Cayman Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Lithuania
Moldova
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71 69
Monaco
Swaziland
Mongolia
Tajikistan
Montenegro
American Samoa
Bhutan
Cabo Verde 86 96 100
Guam
Brunei Darussalam
Bolivia
Estonia
Namibia
Romania 97
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Isle of Man
Eritrea
San Marino
New Caledonia
Saudi Arabia
French Polynesia 129
Serbia
Slovak Republic
Sierra Leone 47 50 50
Antigua and Barbuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Niger 39 38
Slovenia
Curacao
Angola
Liberia
South Sudan
Middle East (developing only)
Indonesia 80 82
Honduras
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Sudan
Guatemala
Aruba
Sweden 113 104 103 104
Palau
Brazil
Dominican Republic
Andorra
Armenia
Timor-Leste
Greenland
Guinea-Bissau 27 33 34 46
Peru 90
Cambodia
Haiti
Turkmenistan
Poland 105
Tuvalu
Uzbekistan
Ukraine
Germany
Ghana 63 70 67 67
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Uruguay
Vietnam
Vanuatu
Puerto Rico
Chad 18 19 20
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Australia
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 94

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