Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Guinea 0.32 0.33 0.33
Afghanistan 0.51 0.38 0.28 0.37
Equatorial Guinea 0.44 0.53
Niger 0.37 0.40 0.46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.48 0.47 0.45 0.61
Mali 0.52 0.46 0.51 0.50 0.50
Mauritania 0.48 0.52 0.52 0.56 0.58
Nepal 0.45 0.49 0.52 0.55 0.59
Gambia, The 0.50 0.53 0.53 0.54 0.54
Malawi 0.60 0.60 0.65 0.67
Solomon Islands 0.59 0.62 0.60 0.64
Mozambique 0.56 0.60 0.61 0.59 0.61
India 0.62 0.64 0.64
Burundi 0.58 0.60 0.62
Lao PDR 0.66 0.63 0.65 0.66
Turkey 0.60 0.62 0.63 0.66 0.65
Iraq 0.64
Papua New Guinea 0.67 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.68
Morocco 0.73 0.72 0.73 0.73 0.74
Djibouti 0.67 0.76 0.74 0.69
Tanzania 0.76 0.77 0.77 0.79 0.80
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.74 0.75 0.77 0.80 0.83
China 0.75 0.77 0.79 0.83 0.85
Zimbabwe 0.79 0.79 0.80 0.82 0.84
Syrian Arab Republic 0.74 0.76 0.80 0.81 0.83
Indonesia 0.83 0.83 0.81 0.85 0.86
Algeria 0.80 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.89
Eritrea 0.84 0.73 0.72
Tunisia 0.79 0.83 0.85 0.89 0.91
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.80 0.85 0.86 0.85 0.88
Ethiopia 0.77 0.84 0.87 0.84 0.79
Guatemala 0.88
Oman 0.81 0.87 0.91 0.93 0.95
Malta 0.92 0.92 0.92 0.90 0.93
Switzerland 0.94 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.94
Austria 0.92 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.94
Georgia 0.97 0.95 0.93 0.94 0.91
Netherlands 0.93 0.93 0.95 0.93 0.95
Azerbaijan 1.00 0.98 0.96 0.94 1.03
Germany 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.97
Norway 1.03 1.01 0.97 0.97 0.95
Lithuania 0.98 1.05
Kuwait 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97
Thailand 0.96 0.97 0.98
Macedonia, FYR 0.98 0.98 0.98
Iceland 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.97
Tonga 1.02 0.99
Korea, Rep. 0.97 0.98 0.99 0.98 1.00
United Kingdom 1.04 1.04 0.99 0.99 0.99
Myanmar 0.96 0.98 0.99 0.99
Mexico 1.00 0.97 0.99 1.00 1.01
Canada 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99 1.00
Romania 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.03 1.03
Poland 1.03 1.03 1.00 1.00 1.00
Italy 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Bulgaria 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
New Zealand 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.02 0.98
Australia 1.00 1.00 1.00
United States 1.03 1.01 1.01 1.03
Bahamas, The 1.02 1.02 1.00
Ecuador 1.02
Greece 0.98 0.99 1.02 0.97 1.02
Japan 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01
Cyprus 1.03 1.04 1.02 1.01 1.01
Kazakhstan 1.02
Denmark 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.03 1.03
Seychelles 0.99 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.00
Latvia 1.02 1.04 1.03 1.08 1.08
Slovenia 1.03 1.03 1.03
Trinidad and Tobago 1.04 1.03 1.04
Slovak Republic 1.04 1.04 1.05
France 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.00 0.99
Ireland 1.10 1.09 1.04 1.05 1.06
Chile 1.01 1.02 1.04
Croatia 1.04 1.04 1.04
Albania 0.92 1.01 1.05 1.01 0.98
Luxembourg 1.03 1.05 1.04 1.01
Israel 1.05 1.04 1.05 1.04
El Salvador 1.11 1.06 1.05
Paraguay 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.07
Jamaica 1.07 1.06
Belgium 1.01 1.01 1.06 1.06 1.07
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.04 1.06
Qatar 1.20 1.17 1.06 0.94 0.85
Ukraine 1.07 1.07
Bahrain 1.04 1.07 1.07 1.06 1.04
Czech Republic 0.97 1.04 1.07 1.01 1.03
Estonia 1.08 1.07 1.13 1.12
Costa Rica 1.05 1.05 1.07 1.08 1.08
Jordan 1.03 1.07 1.08 1.07
Sri Lanka 1.09 1.09 1.08 1.10 1.08
Spain 1.07 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.09
Brunei Darussalam 1.09 1.11 1.10 1.08
Moldova 1.09 1.09 1.11 1.10 1.04
Macao SAR, China 1.10 1.11
Cuba 1.15 1.16 1.14 1.11 1.12
Botswana 1.18 1.16 1.14 1.10 1.10
Sweden 1.05 1.04 1.14 1.13 1.15
Portugal 1.16 1.14 1.09 1.08
United Arab Emirates 1.20 1.18 1.15 1.10 1.06
Colombia 1.19 1.20 1.16 1.16
Grenada 1.16 1.20 1.18
Finland 1.19 1.21 1.18 1.17 1.15
Suriname 1.18 1.20 1.19
Namibia 1.23 1.23 1.22 1.20 1.18
Mongolia 1.10 1.24 1.30 1.33
Venezuela, RB 1.24 1.24 1.25
Lesotho 1.54 1.58 1.58 1.60
St. Lucia 1.44 1.55 1.67
Liechtenstein
Saudi Arabia
Liberia
Uganda 0.59 0.62
Swaziland
Cambodia
Kyrgyz Republic 1.02 1.03
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Togo 0.34 0.32 0.34 0.35
Kiribati 1.12 1.11 1.24
American Samoa
Madagascar
Sierra Leone 0.57
Kenya
South Sudan
Malaysia
Maldives 1.03 1.05
Tajikistan
Isle of Man
Armenia
Hungary 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.04
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Yemen, Rep.
Hong Kong SAR, China
Serbia
Mauritius
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Honduras 1.23
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
Brazil
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Haiti
Sudan
Monaco
Bermuda
Guyana
Belarus
Montenegro
Bangladesh
Guinea-Bissau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Antigua and Barbuda 0.98
Greenland
Uzbekistan
Ghana 0.72
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Gabon 0.91 0.84
Libya
French Polynesia
Senegal 0.53
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Fiji 0.97 1.01
Singapore
Nicaragua
Cameroon 0.71 0.72 0.69
Faroe Islands
Cabo Verde 0.98
Nigeria
South Africa 1.17 1.15
Northern Mariana Islands
Burkina Faso 0.56
Dominican Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Dominica
Pakistan 0.48 0.50
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.24
Palau
Bolivia
Panama
Bhutan
Curacao
Benin
Cote d'Ivoire
Belize 1.05 1.01 1.03
Peru 0.93 0.93
Timor-Leste
Philippines
Barbados
Congo, Rep. 0.77
Aruba
Comoros
Turkmenistan
Puerto Rico
Tuvalu
Chad 0.22 0.24
Argentina
Central African Republic 0.41 0.41
Angola
Russian Federation 1.02
Uruguay 1.19 1.20
Rwanda 0.82 0.81
Vanuatu 0.81
Samoa 1.23 1.12
Vietnam
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza 0.96
Sao Tome and Principe
Zambia
Lebanon 1.10 1.10 1.16

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