Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Chad 0.31 0.34 0.32 0.33 0.35
Guinea 0.39 0.41 0.45 0.45 0.50
Benin 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.55
Togo 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.51 0.53
Equatorial Guinea 0.58 0.72
Niger 0.60 0.59 0.61 0.61 0.63
Cambodia 0.57 0.60 0.64 0.70
Cameroon 0.81 0.62 0.84 0.79 0.79
Djibouti 0.63 0.62 0.69 0.67
Ethiopia 0.67 0.63 0.58 0.58 0.60
Mozambique 0.63 0.65 0.70 0.69
Eritrea 0.72 0.66 0.66 0.58 0.60
Senegal 0.66 0.67 0.72 0.75
Nepal 0.68 0.69 0.72 0.81
Turkey 0.72 0.72 0.73 0.77 0.83
Lao PDR 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.75
India 0.71 0.74 0.80 0.81 0.82
Congo, Rep. 0.74 0.69 0.84
Malawi 0.76 0.76 0.80 0.80
Nigeria 0.84 0.77 0.81 0.84
Mauritania 0.77 0.78 0.83 0.86 0.88
Solomon Islands 0.81 0.80 0.83
Uganda 0.77 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.80
Morocco 0.81 0.81 0.83 0.84 0.85
Tajikistan 0.83 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.83
Angola 0.78 0.83
Ghana 0.84 0.85 0.85 0.83 0.83
Comoros 0.85 0.84 0.76
Zimbabwe 0.88 0.88 0.90
Guatemala 0.89 0.89 0.91 0.92
Syrian Arab Republic 0.90 0.91 0.94 0.95 0.96
Myanmar 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.97
Peru 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.98 0.98
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.96 0.96
Switzerland 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
Vanuatu 0.91 0.94 0.84 0.86
Austria 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.95
Kenya 0.94 0.96 1.02 0.93 0.95
Bolivia 0.96 0.96 0.96
Oman 0.98 0.96 0.94 0.95
Rwanda 0.94 0.96 0.88 0.90 0.89
Sudan 0.81 0.96 0.92 0.92 0.93
Italy 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.99
Uzbekistan 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97
Macedonia, FYR 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Netherlands 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.98 0.98
Poland 0.98 0.97 0.96 1.01 0.99
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.00
El Salvador 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.99 1.00
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.96 0.96
Lithuania 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Australia 1.00 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.98
Cuba 1.04 0.98 0.98 1.02 1.02
Georgia 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.97
Germany 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97
Israel 0.99 0.99 0.98 1.00 0.99
Indonesia 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
United States 1.02 1.00 1.01 1.03 1.03
Mauritius 0.97 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.98
Malta 0.95 1.00 1.02 0.98 1.01
Barbados 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00 0.99
Slovenia 1.02 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99
France 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.00
Korea, Rep. 1.01 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.98
Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.00
Thailand 0.98 1.00 1.07 1.06
Chile 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Latvia 1.02 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Hungary 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99
Ecuador 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.00 1.01
Ukraine 0.99 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.93
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Brunei Darussalam 1.03 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Slovak Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
United Kingdom 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.03
Paraguay 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.03
Croatia 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03
Norway 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.01
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.02
Tunisia 1.03 1.02 1.06 1.08
Greece 1.06 1.02 1.01 0.99 0.96
Romania 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02
Swaziland 1.01 1.03 1.02 0.98 1.02
Serbia 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.03
Argentina 1.03 1.03 1.07 1.10 1.11
Moldova 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.04
Czech Republic 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02
Jamaica 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.04 1.06
Marshall Islands 1.04 1.08 1.04 1.00
Bahamas, The 1.04 0.99 1.00
Jordan 1.04 1.04 1.03 1.03
Denmark 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.04
Portugal 1.06 1.05 1.09 1.11 1.10
Estonia 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.04
West Bank and Gaza 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.05
Aruba 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.00 1.00
Macao SAR, China 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.04 1.03
Iceland 1.06 1.06 1.07 1.03 1.02
Cabo Verde 1.07 1.06 1.10 1.12 1.13
Botswana 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.03
Costa Rica 1.06 1.06 1.04 1.04
Algeria 1.06 1.06 1.09 1.09 1.10
Luxembourg 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.05
South Africa 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.11 1.11
Libya 1.07 1.07 1.19
Mexico 1.04 1.07 1.09 1.09 1.09
Panama 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07
Spain 1.06 1.07 1.06 1.07 1.07
Fiji 1.07 1.08 1.07 1.07
Seychelles 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.11 1.07
Lebanon 1.14 1.08 1.04 1.02 1.01
Bermuda 1.07 1.09 1.13 1.16 1.13
Ireland 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.08 1.10
Bangladesh 1.08 1.10 1.10 1.03 1.07
Tonga 1.09 1.10
Colombia 1.11 1.11 1.11
Philippines 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.11 1.12
Namibia 1.13 1.11 1.11 1.12 1.12
New Zealand 1.11 1.10 1.06 1.06
Finland 1.10 1.11 1.10 1.05 1.05
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.17 1.12 1.10 1.08 1.25
Belgium 1.11 1.12 1.10 0.97 0.97
Samoa 1.13 1.12 1.14 1.13 1.13
Uruguay 1.14 1.12 1.15 1.15 1.15
Dominica 1.09 1.13 1.13 1.09 1.08
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.13 1.13 1.19 1.14 1.07
Maldives 1.07 1.14 1.10 1.13
Grenada 1.15 0.98 1.08 1.02
Kiribati 1.18 1.16 1.19 1.19 1.15
Venezuela, RB 1.17 1.16 1.15 1.14 1.13
Bahrain 1.12 1.16 1.15 1.12 1.09
Qatar 1.23 1.18 1.08 0.96 0.96
Mongolia 1.22 1.19 1.15 1.12 1.11
Nicaragua 1.20 1.19 1.16 1.16
Dominican Republic 1.21 1.17 1.20
Sweden 1.26 1.21 1.18 1.03 1.00
St. Lucia 1.26 1.28 1.23 0.97 1.18
Lesotho 1.31 1.32 1.31 1.30 1.30
Suriname 1.18 1.39 1.29
Sierra Leone 0.71
Montenegro 1.01 1.01 1.03
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
China 0.94 0.95
Guam
Guyana 1.09 0.95
Gambia, The
Pakistan
Monaco
Palau 1.02
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Gabon
Somalia
Papua New Guinea
Sri Lanka
French Polynesia
Malaysia
Kuwait 1.09 1.11 1.12 1.14
Iraq 0.61 0.72 0.68
Mali 0.55 0.61 0.63
Haiti
Faroe Islands
Isle of Man
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.94 0.94 0.95
Singapore
Puerto Rico
Kazakhstan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Central African Republic 0.52
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Russian Federation 1.00 0.99 0.99
Canada 0.98
Guinea-Bissau
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.06 1.08
Bosnia and Herzegovina
St. Martin (French part)
Tanzania
Burundi 0.76 0.74 0.72
Timor-Leste 0.95 0.97
Burkina Faso 0.66 0.68 0.70 0.71
Madagascar 0.96
Brazil
Turkmenistan
Bhutan 0.83 0.89
Tuvalu 1.10
Afghanistan 0.00 0.35 0.21 0.33
Honduras
Belize 1.05 1.04 1.06 1.03
Azerbaijan
Trinidad and Tobago 1.07
Vietnam
Belarus
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.00 0.98 0.94
Zambia
Liberia
Liechtenstein 0.86 0.89
United Arab Emirates
Antigua and Barbuda
Armenia
Cote d'Ivoire
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Andorra
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 1.16 1.03 1.06
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Saudi Arabia 0.95
Yemen, Rep. 0.41 0.45 0.47 0.49
Curacao
Albania 0.96 0.95 0.95

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