Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Chad 0.31 0.34 0.32 0.33 0.35
Guinea 0.39 0.41 0.45 0.45 0.50
Benin 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.55
Togo 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.51 0.53
Equatorial Guinea 0.58 0.72
Niger 0.60 0.59 0.61 0.61 0.63
Cambodia 0.57 0.60 0.64 0.70
Cameroon 0.81 0.62 0.84 0.79 0.79
Ethiopia 0.66 0.62 0.57 0.57 0.60
Djibouti 0.63 0.62 0.69 0.67
Mozambique 0.63 0.65 0.69 0.69
Senegal 0.66 0.67 0.72 0.75
Nepal 0.67 0.69 0.72 0.82
Turkey 0.72 0.72 0.73 0.77 0.83
Lao PDR 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76
India 0.71 0.74 0.80 0.81 0.82
Congo, Rep. 0.74 0.69 0.84
Nigeria 0.84 0.77 0.81 0.84
Malawi 0.78 0.78 0.81 0.82
Mauritania 0.77 0.78 0.83 0.86 0.88
Solomon Islands 0.81 0.80 0.83
Uganda 0.77 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.80
Morocco 0.81 0.81 0.83 0.84 0.85
Tajikistan 0.83 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.83
Angola 0.78 0.83
Comoros 0.84 0.83 0.76
Ghana 0.84 0.85 0.85 0.83 0.83
Zimbabwe 0.89 0.88 0.90
Guatemala 0.89 0.88 0.90 0.91
Syrian Arab Republic 0.90 0.91 0.94 0.95 0.96
Myanmar 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.97
Peru 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.98 0.97
Switzerland 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.96 0.96
Vanuatu 0.91 0.94 0.84 0.86
Rwanda 0.94 0.95 0.86 0.87 0.86
Austria 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.96
Kenya 0.94 0.96 1.02 0.93 0.95
Oman 0.98 0.96 0.95 0.95
Sudan 0.81 0.96 0.92 0.92 0.93
Bolivia 0.96 0.96 0.97
Italy 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.99
Australia 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96
Poland 0.97 0.97 0.96 1.01 0.99
Uzbekistan 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97
Macedonia, FYR 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.97 0.97
Netherlands 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.00
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.96 0.96
Malta 0.95 0.98 0.99 0.94 0.96
Lithuania 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Georgia 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.97
Germany 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Israel 0.99 0.99 0.98 1.00 0.99
Indonesia 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Cuba 1.05 0.99 0.98 1.02 1.02
United States 1.02 0.99 1.00 1.02 1.02
Mauritius 0.97 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.97
Thailand 0.97 1.00 1.07 1.06
Korea, Rep. 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.00
Slovenia 1.02 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00
El Salvador 1.00 1.00 1.02 1.02 1.03
France 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.00
Latvia 1.02 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Ecuador 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.00 1.01
Hungary 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99
Ukraine 0.99 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.93
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
Slovak Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
United Kingdom 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.03
Paraguay 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.03
Chile 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01
Mexico 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.02
Croatia 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03
Norway 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.01
Romania 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.01
Estonia 1.02 1.02 1.04 1.03 1.02
Jamaica 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.04
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.02
Greece 1.05 1.02 1.02 1.00 0.98
Czech Republic 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.01 1.01
Swaziland 1.01 1.03 1.02 0.98 1.02
Serbia 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.03
Brunei Darussalam 1.04 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.02
Moldova 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.04
Argentina 1.03 1.03 1.07 1.10 1.11
Tunisia 1.05 1.04 1.07 1.10
Marshall Islands 1.04 1.08 1.04 1.00
Jordan 1.04 1.03 1.02 1.02
Bahamas, The 1.04 0.99 1.00
Cabo Verde 1.06 1.05 1.09 1.10 1.12
Portugal 1.06 1.05 1.09 1.10 1.10
Denmark 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.04
West Bank and Gaza 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.05
Aruba 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.00 1.00
Macao SAR, China 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.03 1.03
Iceland 1.06 1.06 1.07 1.03 1.02
Botswana 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.05
Algeria 1.06 1.06 1.08 1.09 1.09
Spain 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.06 1.06
Luxembourg 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.05
Libya 1.07 1.06 1.19
South Africa 1.09 1.07 1.06 1.07 1.06
Panama 1.08 1.07 1.08 1.08
Malaysia 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.08 1.04
Costa Rica 1.08 1.08 1.06 1.06
Seychelles 1.10 1.08 1.09 1.13 1.10
Fiji 1.07 1.08 1.07 1.07
Barbados 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.07
Lebanon 1.14 1.08 1.04 1.02 1.01
Bermuda 1.07 1.09 1.13 1.16 1.13
Ireland 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.08 1.10
Tonga 1.09 1.10
Colombia 1.10 1.11 1.11
Bangladesh 1.09 1.10 1.10 1.03 1.07
Namibia 1.13 1.11 1.11 1.12 1.12
Philippines 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.11 1.12
New Zealand 1.11 1.10 1.06 1.06
Finland 1.10 1.11 1.10 1.05 1.05
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.17 1.12 1.10 1.08 1.25
Belgium 1.11 1.12 1.10 0.97 0.97
Samoa 1.13 1.12 1.14 1.13 1.13
Uruguay 1.14 1.12 1.15 1.15 1.15
Dominica 1.09 1.13 1.13 1.09 1.08
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.13 1.13 1.19 1.14 1.07
Maldives 1.07 1.14 1.10 1.13
Grenada 1.15 0.98 1.08 1.02
Kiribati 1.19 1.16 1.18 1.18 1.14
Venezuela, RB 1.17 1.16 1.15 1.14 1.13
Nicaragua 1.18 1.16 1.13 1.14
Bahrain 1.10 1.17 1.16 1.12 1.08
Qatar 1.23 1.17 1.06 0.95 0.94
Mongolia 1.22 1.19 1.15 1.12 1.11
Dominican Republic 1.21 1.17 1.19
Sweden 1.26 1.21 1.18 1.03 1.00
St. Lucia 1.26 1.28 1.23 0.97 1.18
Lesotho 1.31 1.32 1.31 1.30 1.30
Suriname 1.19 1.39 1.29
Sierra Leone 0.71
Greenland
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Gambia, The
China 0.95 0.96
Montenegro 1.01 1.02 1.03
Guam
Gabon
Pakistan
Monaco
Palau 1.02
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Somalia
Papua New Guinea
Sri Lanka
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kuwait 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.04
Faeroe Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Mali 0.55 0.61 0.63
Kazakhstan
Eritrea
Isle of Man
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.93 0.94 0.94
Singapore
Puerto Rico
Iraq 0.61 0.72 0.67
Guyana 1.01 1.03
Central African Republic 0.52
Honduras
Cayman Islands
Russian Federation 1.00 0.99 0.98
Canada 0.98
New Caledonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.06 1.08
Bosnia and Herzegovina
St. Martin (French part)
Tanzania
Burundi 0.76 0.74 0.72
Timor-Leste 0.96 0.98
Burkina Faso 0.66 0.68 0.70 0.71
Madagascar 0.96
Brazil
Turkmenistan
Bhutan 0.83 0.89
Tuvalu 1.10
Afghanistan 0.00 0.34 0.20 0.32
Haiti
Belize 1.06 1.05 1.07 1.04
Azerbaijan
Trinidad and Tobago 1.07
Vietnam
Belarus
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.00 0.98 0.94
Zambia
Liberia
Liechtenstein 0.86 0.89
United Arab Emirates
Antigua and Barbuda
Armenia
Cote d'Ivoire
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Andorra
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 1.17 1.04 1.07
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Saudi Arabia 0.93
Yemen, Rep. 0.41 0.45 0.47 0.49
Curacao
Albania 0.96 0.96 0.95

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