Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Chad 0.31 0.34 0.32 0.33 0.35
Afghanistan 0.00 0.35 0.21 0.33
Yemen, Rep. 0.41 0.45 0.47 0.49
Guinea 0.39 0.41 0.45 0.45 0.50
Benin 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.55
Togo 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.51 0.53
Mali 0.55 0.61 0.63
Ethiopia 0.67 0.63 0.58 0.58 0.60
Niger 0.60 0.59 0.61 0.61 0.63
Cambodia 0.57 0.60 0.64 0.70
Eritrea 0.72 0.66 0.66 0.58 0.60
Burkina Faso 0.66 0.68 0.70 0.71
Congo, Rep. 0.74 0.69 0.84
Nepal 0.68 0.69 0.72 0.81
Iraq 0.61 0.72 0.68
Turkey 0.72 0.72 0.73 0.77 0.83
Lao PDR 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.75
Burundi 0.76 0.74 0.72
India 0.71 0.74 0.80 0.81 0.82
Uganda 0.77 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.80
Morocco 0.81 0.81 0.83 0.84 0.85
Mauritania 0.77 0.78 0.83 0.86 0.88
Tajikistan 0.83 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.83
Cameroon 0.81 0.62 0.84 0.79 0.79
Comoros 0.85 0.84 0.76
Vanuatu 0.91 0.94 0.84 0.86
Ghana 0.84 0.85 0.85 0.83 0.83
Liechtenstein 0.86 0.89
Rwanda 0.94 0.96 0.88 0.90 0.89
Zimbabwe 0.88 0.88 0.90
Sudan 0.81 0.96 0.92 0.92 0.93
Myanmar 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.97
Syrian Arab Republic 0.90 0.91 0.94 0.95 0.96
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.96 0.96
Switzerland 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
Oman 0.98 0.96 0.94 0.95
Peru 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.98 0.98
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.94 0.94 0.95
Austria 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.95
China 0.94 0.95
Uzbekistan 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97
Bolivia 0.96 0.96 0.96
Poland 0.98 0.97 0.96 1.01 0.99
Italy 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.99
Macedonia, FYR 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.96 0.96
Georgia 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.97
Grenada 1.15 0.98 1.08 1.02
Israel 0.99 0.99 0.98 1.00 0.99
Cuba 1.04 0.98 0.98 1.02 1.02
Lithuania 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Germany 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.97
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.00
Netherlands 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.98 0.98
Indonesia 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
El Salvador 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.99 1.00
Australia 1.00 0.98 0.99 0.98 0.98
Mauritius 0.97 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.98
Slovenia 1.02 1.00 0.99 1.00 0.99
Latvia 1.02 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Korea, Rep. 1.01 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.98
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.00 0.98 0.94
Russian Federation 1.00 0.99 0.99
Ukraine 0.99 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.93
Hungary 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99
Chile 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
France 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.00
Slovak Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.00
United States 1.02 1.00 1.01 1.03 1.03
Greece 1.06 1.02 1.01 0.99 0.96
Barbados 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00 0.99
Montenegro 1.01 1.01 1.03
Brunei Darussalam 1.03 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Paraguay 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.03
Croatia 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.02
Ecuador 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.00 1.01
Norway 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.01
Swaziland 1.01 1.03 1.02 0.98 1.02
Kenya 0.94 0.96 1.02 0.93 0.95
Malta 0.95 1.00 1.02 0.98 1.01
Romania 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02
Czech Republic 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02
United Kingdom 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.03
Moldova 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.04
Serbia 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.03
Jordan 1.04 1.04 1.03 1.03
Jamaica 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.04 1.06
Lebanon 1.14 1.08 1.04 1.02 1.01
Belize 1.05 1.04 1.06 1.03
West Bank and Gaza 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.05
Aruba 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.00 1.00
Luxembourg 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.05
Denmark 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.04
Botswana 1.05 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.03
Macao SAR, China 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.04 1.03
Tunisia 1.03 1.02 1.06 1.08
Spain 1.06 1.07 1.06 1.07 1.07
Estonia 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.04
Iceland 1.06 1.06 1.07 1.03 1.02
Libya 1.07 1.07 1.19
Argentina 1.03 1.03 1.07 1.10 1.11
Fiji 1.07 1.08 1.07 1.07
Qatar 1.23 1.18 1.08 0.96 0.96
Marshall Islands 1.04 1.08 1.04 1.00
Seychelles 1.11 1.08 1.08 1.11 1.07
South Africa 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.11 1.11
Algeria 1.06 1.06 1.09 1.09 1.10
Ireland 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.08 1.10
Portugal 1.06 1.05 1.09 1.11 1.10
Mexico 1.04 1.07 1.09 1.09 1.09
New Zealand 1.11 1.10 1.06 1.06
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.17 1.12 1.10 1.08 1.25
Bangladesh 1.08 1.10 1.10 1.03 1.07
Belgium 1.11 1.12 1.10 0.97 0.97
Maldives 1.07 1.14 1.10 1.13
Finland 1.10 1.11 1.10 1.05 1.05
Cabo Verde 1.07 1.06 1.10 1.12 1.13
Philippines 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.11 1.12
Kuwait 1.09 1.11 1.12 1.14
Namibia 1.13 1.11 1.11 1.12 1.12
Dominica 1.09 1.13 1.13 1.09 1.08
Bermuda 1.07 1.09 1.13 1.16 1.13
Samoa 1.13 1.12 1.14 1.13 1.13
Mongolia 1.22 1.19 1.15 1.12 1.11
Uruguay 1.14 1.12 1.15 1.15 1.15
Bahrain 1.12 1.16 1.15 1.12 1.09
Venezuela, RB 1.17 1.16 1.15 1.14 1.13
Sao Tome and Principe 1.16 1.03 1.06
Sweden 1.26 1.21 1.18 1.03 1.00
Kiribati 1.18 1.16 1.19 1.19 1.15
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.13 1.13 1.19 1.14 1.07
St. Lucia 1.26 1.28 1.23 0.97 1.18
Lesotho 1.31 1.32 1.31 1.30 1.30
Djibouti 0.63 0.62 0.69 0.67
Tuvalu 1.10
Nicaragua 1.20 1.19 1.16 1.16
Timor-Leste 0.95 0.97
Costa Rica 1.06 1.06 1.04 1.04
American Samoa
Nigeria 0.84 0.77 0.81 0.84
New Caledonia
Northern Mariana Islands
Mozambique 0.63 0.65 0.70 0.69
Cote d'Ivoire
Antigua and Barbuda
Liberia
Gambia, The
Curacao
Guinea-Bissau
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Colombia 1.11 1.11 1.11
Gabon
Suriname 1.18 1.39 1.29
Pakistan
Palau 1.02
Tanzania
Panama 1.07 1.07 1.07 1.07
Tonga 1.09 1.10
Papua New Guinea
Turkmenistan
Central African Republic 0.52
Kazakhstan
Cayman Islands
Malawi 0.76 0.76 0.80 0.80
Monaco
Vietnam
Canada 0.98
Somalia
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Puerto Rico
Sri Lanka
Greenland
Dominican Republic 1.21 1.17 1.20
St. Martin (French part)
Brazil
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Guam
Faroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.06 1.08
Belarus
San Marino
Malaysia
Haiti
Thailand 0.98 1.00 1.07 1.06
Zambia
Bahamas, The 1.04 0.99 1.00
French Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago 1.07
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Azerbaijan
Guatemala 0.89 0.89 0.91 0.92
Guyana 1.09 0.95
Sierra Leone 0.71
Armenia
Singapore
United Arab Emirates
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Angola 0.78 0.83
Bhutan 0.83 0.89
Andorra
Equatorial Guinea 0.58 0.72
Madagascar 0.96
Solomon Islands 0.81 0.80 0.83
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Saudi Arabia 0.95
Honduras
Senegal 0.66 0.67 0.72 0.75
Albania 0.96 0.95 0.95

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