Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Chad 0.31 0.34 0.32 0.33 0.35
Afghanistan 0.00 0.34 0.20 0.32
Yemen, Rep. 0.41 0.45 0.47 0.49
Guinea 0.39 0.41 0.45 0.45 0.50
Benin 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.55
Togo 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.51 0.53
Mali 0.55 0.61 0.63
Ethiopia 0.66 0.62 0.57 0.57 0.60
Niger 0.60 0.59 0.61 0.61 0.63
Cambodia 0.57 0.60 0.64 0.70
Burkina Faso 0.66 0.68 0.70 0.71
Congo, Rep. 0.74 0.69 0.84
Iraq 0.61 0.72 0.67
Nepal 0.67 0.69 0.72 0.82
Turkey 0.72 0.72 0.73 0.77 0.83
Lao PDR 0.71 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76
Burundi 0.76 0.74 0.72
India 0.71 0.74 0.80 0.81 0.82
Uganda 0.77 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.80
Mauritania 0.77 0.78 0.83 0.86 0.88
Morocco 0.81 0.81 0.83 0.84 0.85
Tajikistan 0.83 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.83
Comoros 0.84 0.83 0.76
Cameroon 0.81 0.62 0.84 0.79 0.79
Vanuatu 0.91 0.94 0.84 0.86
Ghana 0.84 0.85 0.85 0.83 0.83
Rwanda 0.94 0.95 0.86 0.87 0.86
Liechtenstein 0.86 0.89
Zimbabwe 0.89 0.88 0.90
Sudan 0.81 0.96 0.92 0.92 0.93
Myanmar 0.94 0.93 0.93 0.92 0.97
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.93 0.94 0.94
Syrian Arab Republic 0.90 0.91 0.94 0.95 0.96
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.96 0.96
Peru 0.93 0.93 0.94 0.98 0.97
Switzerland 0.95 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94
Oman 0.98 0.96 0.95 0.95
Austria 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.96
Poland 0.97 0.97 0.96 1.01 0.99
China 0.95 0.96
Uzbekistan 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96 0.97
Bolivia 0.96 0.96 0.97
Australia 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.96 0.96
Italy 0.98 0.97 0.97 0.99 0.99
Bulgaria 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.96 0.96
Macedonia, FYR 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.97 0.97
Grenada 1.15 0.98 1.08 1.02
Georgia 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.97
Lithuania 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99
Israel 0.99 0.99 0.98 1.00 0.99
Germany 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.98 0.97 0.98 0.99 1.00
Cuba 1.05 0.99 0.98 1.02 1.02
Netherlands 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.98
Indonesia 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Mauritius 0.97 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.97
Malta 0.95 0.98 0.99 0.94 0.96
Slovenia 1.02 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00
Kuwait 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.04
Russian Federation 1.00 0.99 0.98
Latvia 1.02 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.00 0.98 0.94
Korea, Rep. 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99
Ukraine 0.99 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.93
Hungary 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99 0.99
United States 1.02 0.99 1.00 1.02 1.02
Japan 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 1.00
France 1.01 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.00
Slovak Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.00 1.00
Chile 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01
Montenegro 1.01 1.02 1.03
Paraguay 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.03
Croatia 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03
Ecuador 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.00 1.01
Greece 1.05 1.02 1.02 1.00 0.98
El Salvador 1.00 1.00 1.02 1.02 1.03
Cyprus 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.02
Jamaica 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.04
Romania 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.01
Norway 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.01
Swaziland 1.01 1.03 1.02 0.98 1.02
Kenya 0.94 0.96 1.02 0.93 0.95
Czech Republic 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.01 1.01
United Kingdom 1.01 1.01 1.03 1.03 1.03
Jordan 1.04 1.03 1.02 1.02
Mexico 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.02 1.02
Moldova 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.04
Serbia 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.03
Brunei Darussalam 1.04 1.03 1.04 1.03 1.02
Estonia 1.02 1.02 1.04 1.03 1.02
Lebanon 1.14 1.08 1.04 1.02 1.01
West Bank and Gaza 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.04 1.05
Aruba 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.00 1.00
Belize 1.06 1.05 1.07 1.04
Luxembourg 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.05
Spain 1.06 1.06 1.05 1.06 1.06
Botswana 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.05 1.05
Denmark 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.04
Macao SAR, China 1.05 1.05 1.06 1.03 1.03
Qatar 1.23 1.17 1.06 0.95 0.94
South Africa 1.09 1.07 1.06 1.07 1.06
Libya 1.07 1.06 1.19
Iceland 1.06 1.06 1.07 1.03 1.02
Argentina 1.03 1.03 1.07 1.10 1.11
Tunisia 1.05 1.04 1.07 1.10
Fiji 1.07 1.08 1.07 1.07
Marshall Islands 1.04 1.08 1.04 1.00
Algeria 1.06 1.06 1.08 1.09 1.09
Ireland 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.08 1.10
Portugal 1.06 1.05 1.09 1.10 1.10
Cabo Verde 1.06 1.05 1.09 1.10 1.12
Seychelles 1.10 1.08 1.09 1.13 1.10
Barbados 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.09 1.07
Malaysia 1.08 1.08 1.09 1.08 1.04
New Zealand 1.11 1.10 1.06 1.06
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.17 1.12 1.10 1.08 1.25
Belgium 1.11 1.12 1.10 0.97 0.97
Finland 1.10 1.11 1.10 1.05 1.05
Bangladesh 1.09 1.10 1.10 1.03 1.07
Maldives 1.07 1.14 1.10 1.13
Philippines 1.10 1.11 1.11 1.11 1.12
Namibia 1.13 1.11 1.11 1.12 1.12
Dominica 1.09 1.13 1.13 1.09 1.08
Bermuda 1.07 1.09 1.13 1.16 1.13
Samoa 1.13 1.12 1.14 1.13 1.13
Mongolia 1.22 1.19 1.15 1.12 1.11
Uruguay 1.14 1.12 1.15 1.15 1.15
Venezuela, RB 1.17 1.16 1.15 1.14 1.13
Bahrain 1.10 1.17 1.16 1.12 1.08
Sao Tome and Principe 1.17 1.04 1.07
Sweden 1.26 1.21 1.18 1.03 1.00
Kiribati 1.19 1.16 1.18 1.18 1.14
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.13 1.13 1.19 1.14 1.07
St. Lucia 1.26 1.28 1.23 0.97 1.18
Lesotho 1.31 1.32 1.31 1.30 1.30
Gambia, The
Mozambique 0.63 0.65 0.69 0.69
Nicaragua 1.18 1.16 1.13 1.14
Thailand 0.97 1.00 1.07 1.06
Congo, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Nigeria 0.84 0.77 0.81 0.84
New Caledonia
Northern Mariana Islands
Trinidad and Tobago 1.07
Costa Rica 1.08 1.08 1.06 1.06
Antigua and Barbuda
Guinea-Bissau
Curacao
Cote d'Ivoire
Guyana 1.01 1.03
Colombia 1.10 1.11 1.11
Central African Republic 0.52
Pakistan
Suriname 1.19 1.39 1.29
Palau 1.02
Malawi 0.78 0.78 0.81 0.82
Panama 1.08 1.07 1.08 1.08
Bahamas, The 1.04 0.99 1.00
Tuvalu 1.10
Azerbaijan
Papua New Guinea
Cayman Islands
Haiti
Canada 0.98
Madagascar 0.96
Djibouti 0.63 0.62 0.69 0.67
Vietnam
Monaco
Somalia
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Puerto Rico
Sri Lanka
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Brazil
Eritrea
Guam
Faeroe Islands
Belarus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.06 1.08
Liberia
San Marino
Tanzania
Kazakhstan
Timor-Leste 0.96 0.98
Zambia
Tonga 1.09 1.10
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bhutan 0.83 0.89
Turkmenistan
Dominican Republic 1.21 1.17 1.19
Sierra Leone 0.71
Armenia
Singapore
United Arab Emirates
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Angola 0.78 0.83
Equatorial Guinea 0.58 0.72
Andorra
Guatemala 0.89 0.88 0.90 0.91
Gabon
Solomon Islands 0.81 0.80 0.83
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Saudi Arabia 0.93
Honduras
Senegal 0.66 0.67 0.72 0.75
Albania 0.96 0.96 0.95

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