Country name 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Afghanistan 0.36 0.38 0.43 0.48 0.50
Chad 0.36 0.45 0.41 0.41 0.42
Somalia 0.46
Togo 0.55 0.53
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.53 0.56 0.56 0.58
Niger 0.63 0.61 0.61 0.60 0.67
Mali 0.63 0.67 0.66 0.67 0.70
Ethiopia 0.63 0.68 0.73 0.78 0.83
Burundi 0.72 0.70 0.69 0.69
Djibouti 0.68 0.71 0.70 0.74
Eritrea 0.61 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.77
Tonga 1.00 0.72 1.03 1.28 1.07
Mozambique 0.72 0.73 0.75 0.78 0.82
Burkina Faso 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.74 0.76
Iraq 0.75
Pakistan 0.78 0.76 0.76 0.79 0.77
Cameroon 0.79 0.77 0.80 0.83
Nigeria 0.83 0.78 0.85 0.88 0.89
Lao PDR 0.77 0.78 0.80 0.81 0.83
Uganda 0.81 0.82 0.85 0.83 0.86
Solomon Islands 0.82 0.82 0.86
Malawi 0.83 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.90
Cambodia 0.80 0.82 0.85
Tajikistan 0.83 0.84 0.87 0.89 0.87
Turkey 0.84 0.85 0.88 0.91 0.92
Nepal 0.84 0.86 0.88 0.86 0.95
India 0.84 0.86 0.89 0.92 0.93
Morocco 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.87
Ghana 0.84 0.87 0.88 0.89
Kenya 0.93 0.87 0.92 0.90
Guyana 0.88 0.95 0.95 1.00
Liechtenstein 0.87 0.88 0.87 0.86 0.85
Rwanda 0.91 0.89 0.89 0.93 0.99
Swaziland 1.02 0.91 1.01 1.00
Sudan 0.96 0.91 0.90 0.87 0.87
Greece 0.95 0.92 0.94
Bhutan 0.92 0.94 0.95 1.00 1.02
Guatemala 0.93 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.94
Switzerland 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.97
Oman 0.96 0.95 0.93 0.89
Madagascar 0.95 0.95 0.94 0.94
Antigua and Barbuda 0.96 0.94 0.99 1.01
Bulgaria 0.96 0.96 0.97 0.96 0.96
Austria 0.96 0.96 0.96 0.95 0.96
Bolivia 0.95 0.96 0.97 0.98 0.99
Macedonia, FYR 0.96 0.95 0.96 0.97
Belgium 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.97
Azerbaijan 0.96 0.97 0.99 1.03 0.99
Kuwait 1.07 0.97 0.96 0.93 0.94
Germany 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.95 0.95
Grenada 0.97 0.91 1.00 1.03
Canada 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Netherlands 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.99
Korea, Rep. 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99
Russian Federation 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
Albania 0.96 0.98 0.99 1.02 0.99
Poland 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Norway 1.00 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.99
Uruguay 1.16 0.99 1.13 1.13 1.14
Italy 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Syrian Arab Republic 0.97 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Uzbekistan 0.98 0.99 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sweden 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99
Hungary 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.99 0.98
Slovenia 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.99
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.00 1.00 0.99 0.99 0.99
Peru 0.99 1.00 1.00 0.99 1.00
Lithuania 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.98
Malta 1.04 1.00 0.96 0.79
Marshall Islands 1.01 1.00 1.06 1.03
Ukraine 0.99 1.00 0.98 0.98 0.98
Myanmar 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.05
Romania 1.01 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
France 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.01
Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.99
Japan 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Israel 1.00 1.00 1.02 1.02 1.02
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.00 1.05 1.08 0.99
Macao SAR, China 1.02 1.00 1.00 1.01 0.99
China 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.00
Indonesia 1.01 1.01 0.99 0.99 1.01
Australia 1.00 1.01 1.00 0.98 0.97
Slovak Republic 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.97 1.01 0.98 0.98 0.98
Barbados 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.00
Ecuador 1.02 1.01 1.01
Montenegro 1.02 1.01 1.15 1.01 1.01
Czech Republic 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.01
El Salvador 1.01 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.99
United States 1.00 1.02 1.00 1.02 1.02
Cuba 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.02 1.01
Cyprus 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.01
United Kingdom 1.03 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.00
Lebanon 1.00 1.02 1.01 1.01 1.02
Brunei Darussalam 1.02 1.02 1.01 1.00 1.01
Chile 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.03 1.03
New Zealand 1.04 1.03 1.05 1.03 1.05
Latvia 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.01 0.98
Bahamas, The 1.00 1.03 1.02 1.02 1.05
Serbia 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02
Aruba 0.99 1.03 1.07 1.05 1.05
Mauritius 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.04 1.05
Denmark 1.03 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.01
Moldova 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.02 1.02
Luxembourg 1.04 1.03 1.03 1.03
Costa Rica 1.05 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.04
Estonia 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.02 1.00
Croatia 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.07
Jordan 1.04 1.04 1.04 1.06
Paraguay 1.04 1.04 1.05 1.05 1.06
Finland 1.04 1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05
Bangladesh 1.06 1.05 1.13 1.08 1.12
Belize 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.07 1.08
Botswana 1.06 1.06
Iceland 1.03 1.06 1.04 1.03 1.02
West Bank and Gaza 1.06 1.06 1.07 1.07 1.08
Sao Tome and Principe 1.07 1.06 1.11 1.02
Spain 1.06 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.02
Jamaica 1.07 1.06 1.03 1.08
Panama 1.08 1.07 1.08 1.08 1.06
Portugal 1.09 1.07 1.06 1.04 1.03
Ireland 1.08 1.07 1.06 1.05 1.04
Thailand 1.07 1.08 1.07 1.07 1.06
Algeria 1.09 1.08 1.04 1.01 1.03
Seychelles 1.08 1.10 1.09 1.05
Dominica 1.07 1.09 1.04 1.12 1.09
Mexico 1.09 1.09 1.10 1.10 1.09
Philippines 1.12 1.10 1.09 1.08
South Africa 1.11 1.10 1.10 1.12 1.15
St. Lucia 1.17 1.11 1.05 1.03 0.99
Colombia 1.11 1.11 1.10 1.10
Fiji 1.09 1.11 1.07 1.09
Venezuela, RB 1.12 1.12 1.10 1.09 1.10
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.12 1.12 1.04 1.02
Argentina 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.13 1.12
Armenia 1.15 1.17 1.17
Nicaragua 1.16 1.16 1.16 1.13
Namibia 1.15 1.16
Samoa 1.15 1.16 1.15 1.14
Kiribati 1.19 1.18 1.10
Dominican Republic 1.21 1.19 1.13 1.13
Cabo Verde 1.18 1.21 1.11 1.18 1.18
Honduras 1.23 1.25 1.27 1.22
Qatar 1.01 1.28 1.31 1.23 1.06
Suriname 1.31 1.33 1.29 1.24
Lesotho 1.31 1.35 1.38 1.41 1.42
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Isle of Man
Congo, Rep.
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 1.00
Greenland
Papua New Guinea
Comoros
Bermuda 1.09 1.18
Zambia
Bahrain 1.04
Guinea 0.52 0.58
Mongolia 1.10 1.08 1.07
Palau
Malaysia
Georgia 1.00 0.95
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Libya 1.18
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Central African Republic 0.56
Maldives
Cote d'Ivoire
Trinidad and Tobago
San Marino 1.04 1.02
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liberia
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia 0.88
Sri Lanka 1.01
Senegal 0.76 0.79 0.87
New Caledonia
Andorra
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.99 0.97
Gambia, The 0.93 0.96 0.95
Equatorial Guinea
Northern Mariana Islands
Benin
French Polynesia
Belarus 0.97 0.97 0.97
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tanzania 0.79
Cayman Islands
Timor-Leste 0.99 0.98 1.01
Curacao
Faroe Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Tunisia 1.09 1.07 1.07 1.07
Brazil
Turkmenistan
Gabon
Tuvalu
South Sudan
Monaco
Haiti
Angola 0.77 0.76 0.69
Vietnam
American Samoa
Kazakhstan 1.00
Vanuatu 1.00
Mauritania 0.85 0.88 0.84 0.85
Sierra Leone
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Singapore
Yemen, Rep. 0.57 0.62
Puerto Rico 1.03 1.06
Zimbabwe

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