Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Oman 0.00 0.09 0.04 0.47 0.73
Equatorial Guinea 0.11
Central African Republic 0.09 0.12 0.06 0.11
Mali 0.13 0.14 0.15
Niger 0.17 0.14 0.13 0.20 0.17
Ethiopia 0.15 0.14 0.12
Congo, Rep. 0.18 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.18
Togo 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18
Tanzania 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.17
Benin 0.23 0.20 0.22 0.21
Senegal 0.23 0.23 0.25 0.26
Mozambique 0.25 0.29
Burkina Faso 0.27 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.29
Guinea 0.23 0.27 0.28 0.34
Ghana 0.27
Zambia 0.26 0.28
Malta 0.34 0.28 0.29 0.35 0.45
Bangladesh 0.17 0.29 0.24 0.23 0.25
Malawi 0.34 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.27
Burundi 0.31 0.31 0.35 0.34
Turkey 0.34 0.43 0.50 0.46
Mauritius 0.41 0.35 0.44 0.39 0.60
Korea, Rep. 0.36 0.38 0.42 0.48
Uganda 0.29 0.37 0.30
Libya 0.36 0.38 0.38
India 0.39 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.45
Switzerland 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.48
Indonesia 0.46 0.48 0.46 0.49
Iraq 0.49 0.47 0.47 0.48 0.41
Tunisia 0.43 0.47 0.51 0.54 0.58
Lao PDR 0.46 0.48 0.46 0.54
Botswana 0.52 0.48 0.53 0.49 0.82
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.48 0.49 0.50 0.49 0.52
Saudi Arabia 0.45 0.49 0.54 0.62 0.66
Syrian Arab Republic 0.42 0.49 0.48 0.51 0.52
Japan 0.50 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54
Mexico 0.48 0.51 0.54 0.55
Luxembourg 0.54 0.53 0.47 0.55 0.52
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.54 0.56 0.57
El Salvador 0.58 0.70 0.72 0.70
Lebanon 0.56 0.58 0.58 0.60
United Kingdom 0.60 0.62 0.82 0.82 0.84
Trinidad and Tobago 0.74 0.66 0.82 0.59 0.61
Cyprus 0.79 0.68 0.86 0.91 0.90
Ireland 0.71 0.70 0.72 0.78 0.79
Czech Republic 0.71 0.72 0.75 0.76 0.75
New Zealand 0.74 0.73 0.74 0.84 0.88
Netherlands 0.69 0.73 0.75 0.75 0.73
Malaysia 0.74 0.81 0.76 0.82
Austria 0.73 0.76 0.79 0.81 0.84
Romania 0.76 0.77 0.76 0.79 0.81
Guyana 0.74 0.78 0.68 0.89 0.92
Greece 0.74 0.79 0.85 0.97 1.02
Jordan 0.99 0.80 0.86 0.89 0.96
Belgium 0.83 0.83 0.86 0.88 0.86
Spain 0.79 0.85 0.90 0.95 0.96
Colombia 0.82 0.87 0.94 0.97
Australia 0.85 0.87 0.89 0.90 0.95
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.33 0.88
Nicaragua 0.89 0.83 0.91 1.30
Israel 1.10 0.89 0.91 0.93
France 0.94 0.97 1.01
Lesotho 0.96 0.98 0.94 0.92 1.01
Norway 0.96 0.99 1.00 1.02 1.05
Portugal 0.95 1.00 1.02 1.22 1.14
Finland 0.98 1.00 1.01 0.95 0.98
Uruguay 1.00 0.98
Denmark 1.01 1.03 1.00 1.02 1.02
Bahrain 0.92 1.06 1.39
Hungary 1.03 1.09 1.11 1.17 1.18
United States 1.07 1.09 1.08 1.09 1.11
Cuba 0.97 1.10 1.13 1.15 1.20
Argentina 1.13 1.13 1.17 1.15 1.13
Slovenia 1.16 1.17 1.12 1.03 1.06
Philippines 1.20 1.20
Bulgaria 1.35 1.23 1.18 1.20 1.21
Panama 1.21 1.25 1.46 1.31 1.40
Poland 1.32 1.33 1.30 1.31 1.31
Latvia 1.38 1.37 1.38 1.45 1.46
St. Lucia 1.06 1.48 0.87 0.96 0.83
Kuwait 1.75 1.53 1.55 1.33 1.20
Grenada 1.54 0.95 1.20
United Arab Emirates 2.02 2.07 1.85 1.68 2.05
Qatar 2.98 2.71 2.77 3.21 3.08
Iceland 1.05 1.08 1.12
Faeroe Islands
Cabo Verde
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba
Cameroon
Honduras
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Solomon Islands
Brunei Darussalam 0.96 1.87
Tajikistan
China
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Guatemala
Gambia, The
Samoa 0.08 0.97
Italy 0.76 0.81 0.83 0.85
Singapore
Jamaica
Cote d'Ivoire
Brazil
Swaziland 0.61
Ecuador 0.65
Cambodia
Kazakhstan
Nigeria 0.36
Kenya 0.51 0.35
Pakistan
Kiribati
Paraguay
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Estonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Russian Federation 1.31
Haiti 0.43 0.50
Sao Tome and Principe
Kyrgyz Republic
Seychelles
Bolivia
Slovak Republic
Chile 0.75 0.76 0.78
South Africa
Afghanistan
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.05 2.67
Gabon 0.34 0.37
Sudan
Liberia
Armenia
Bhutan 0.21
Thailand
Liechtenstein
Fiji 0.61
Lithuania 1.28
Azerbaijan 0.76
Bermuda 1.06
Northern Mariana Islands
Macao SAR, China
Curacao
Macedonia, FYR
Palau
Madagascar
Papua New Guinea 0.32 0.31 0.32
Belize
Peru
Dominican Republic
Guam
Maldives
Puerto Rico
Dominica 0.31 6.42 2.04
Greenland
Belarus
Rwanda 0.11 0.15 0.16
Marshall Islands
San Marino
Mauritania
Croatia
Barbados 1.17 0.90 0.99
Serbia
Angola
Sierra Leone 0.30 0.30
Costa Rica
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Chad 0.09
Turks and Caicos Islands
Somalia
Algeria
South Sudan
Georgia 0.88
Sri Lanka 0.76 0.68 0.67 0.70
Guinea-Bissau
Canada
French Polynesia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vanuatu
Suriname 1.12
Vietnam 0.31
Sweden 1.14
Eritrea
Germany
Djibouti
Antigua and Barbuda
New Caledonia
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
Tonga 0.81 1.40 1.42
Albania 1.02 0.95 0.91 0.86
Andorra
Comoros
Turkmenistan
Mongolia
Tuvalu
Montenegro
Ukraine
Morocco
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Bahamas, The
Myanmar
Uzbekistan
Namibia
Venezuela, RB
Nepal 0.26
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Moldova
Yemen, Rep.
Monaco
Zimbabwe 0.52 0.53

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