Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Guinea 0.17 0.16 0.13 0.11 0.09
Togo 0.15 0.14 0.15
Mauritania 0.15 0.15 0.13
Central African Republic 0.12 0.15 0.19
Benin 0.18 0.18 0.16
Bangladesh 0.24 0.23 0.19 0.19 0.19
Ethiopia 0.22 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.22
Rwanda 0.15 0.18 0.21 0.25 0.23
Congo, Rep. 0.19 0.22 0.18 0.20
Burkina Faso 0.30 0.31 0.32 0.32 0.30
Burundi 0.31 0.36 0.32 0.35 0.41
Malawi 0.30 0.33 0.32 0.25 0.35
Nigeria 0.37 0.40 0.34 0.33
Zambia 0.37 0.39
Pakistan 0.37 0.37 0.39 0.41
Uganda 0.39 0.39 0.38 0.39
Gabon 0.40 0.42 0.44 0.43
Korea, Rep. 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.46 0.48
Switzerland 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.50 0.53
India 0.46 0.46 0.50 0.50 0.52
Turkey 0.48 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.43 0.41 0.50 0.52 0.53
Mauritius 0.52 0.65 0.52 0.54 0.60
Morocco 0.50 0.52 0.53 0.56 0.61
Syrian Arab Republic 0.55 0.57 0.56 0.56 0.64
Lao PDR 0.57 0.59 0.49
Malta 0.51 0.55 0.60 0.64 0.77
Tunisia 0.58 0.60 0.60 0.61 0.61
Japan 0.56 0.58 0.61 0.63 0.65
Honduras 0.63 0.65 0.75
Iraq 0.57 0.64 0.66 0.62
Ecuador 0.68
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.73 0.64 0.68
Oman 0.62 0.67 0.69 0.89 0.95
Guyana 0.86 0.74 0.72
Czech Republic 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.80 0.79
Netherlands 0.72 0.75 0.78 0.80 0.82
South Africa 0.84 0.84 0.79
Ireland 0.79 0.81 0.84 0.83 0.87
Austria 0.86 0.86 0.88 0.87 0.88
United Kingdom 0.86 0.88 0.89 0.90 0.93
Italy 0.88 0.91 0.92 0.94 0.96
Romania 0.85 0.91 0.93 0.96 0.98
Venezuela, RB 0.72 1.08 0.93 0.92
Israel 0.94 0.91 0.94 0.95 0.98
Belgium 0.88 0.92 0.94 0.91 0.96
Colombia 0.97 0.99 0.96 1.09
New Zealand 0.92 0.94 0.96 1.02 1.08
Kuwait 1.16 1.10 1.01 1.01 1.31
Greece 1.05 1.05 1.03 1.01 1.03
Albania 0.87 0.95 1.03 1.07 1.11
Spain 1.01 1.02 1.05 1.04 1.07
Finland 1.00 1.03 1.06 1.09 1.11
Denmark 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.10 1.12
Australia 0.99 1.04 1.08 1.12 1.15
France 1.05 1.07 1.09 1.16 1.15
Cyprus 1.04 1.00 1.10 1.25 1.37
Suriname 1.24 1.12 1.14 1.21 1.22
Sweden 1.14 1.13 1.15 1.17 1.19
Slovenia 1.12 1.16 1.17 1.19 1.21
St. Lucia 1.21 1.18
Hungary 1.21 1.21 1.20 1.19 1.08
Norway 1.14 1.11 1.20 1.20 1.21
United States 1.17 1.20 1.23 1.26 1.27
Jordan 1.00 1.13 1.25 1.21 1.29
Cuba 1.21 1.27 1.30 1.38 1.40
Bulgaria 1.25 1.29 1.31 1.23 1.15
Poland 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.32 1.46
Panama 1.55 1.40
Lesotho 1.08 1.38 1.59 1.61 1.45
Bahrain 1.60 1.32 1.60
Latvia 1.62 1.83 1.68 1.71 1.42
Bahamas, The 2.24
United Arab Emirates 1.94 2.15 2.62 3.45 4.06
Qatar 2.90 3.25 3.36 3.31 3.61
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Azerbaijan 0.90
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Brunei Darussalam 1.09 1.10
Guatemala
Germany
Sri Lanka 0.71
Guinea-Bissau 0.06
Georgia
Trinidad and Tobago 0.63 0.68 0.61
Haiti 0.34
Cameroon
San Marino
Philippines
Gambia, The
Hong Kong SAR, China
Serbia
French Polynesia
Somalia 0.24
Iceland 1.29 1.31 1.32
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.21 1.74 2.17
Fiji 0.54
Indonesia
Thailand
Vanuatu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Faroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Estonia
Cabo Verde
Isle of Man
Paraguay
Eritrea
Portugal 1.17 1.08
Equatorial Guinea
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jamaica
Saudi Arabia 0.72 0.80
El Salvador 0.71
Sierra Leone
Dominican Republic
Bolivia
Kazakhstan
South Sudan
Kenya 0.38
Belarus
Kiribati
Barbados 1.44 1.50
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Dominica 3.78
Tajikistan
Djibouti
Armenia
Kyrgyz Republic
Antigua and Barbuda
Curacao
Angola 0.19
Croatia
Uruguay
Afghanistan 0.17 0.48
Vietnam
Cote d'Ivoire 0.24
Ghana
Liberia 0.30
Cambodia
Libya
Palau
Liechtenstein
Papua New Guinea 0.34
Lithuania 1.89 0.81 0.71
Peru
Luxembourg 0.52 0.44
Brazil
Botswana 0.87
Puerto Rico
Macao SAR, China 0.40 0.38
Macedonia, FYR 0.99 1.01
Russian Federation 1.39
Madagascar 0.62 0.69 0.75 0.77
Samoa
Costa Rica
Sao Tome and Principe
Malaysia
Senegal
Maldives
Seychelles
Mali 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.15
Singapore
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Slovak Republic
Marshall Islands
Solomon Islands
Comoros 0.17
Bhutan
China
Bermuda
Mexico
Belize
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Martin (French part)
Moldova
Sudan
Monaco
Swaziland 0.64
Mongolia
Montenegro
Aruba
Chile 0.80 0.81
Tanzania 0.16 0.14
Mozambique 0.27
Timor-Leste
Myanmar
Tonga
Namibia
Argentina 1.14 1.16
Nepal 0.26 0.31
Turkmenistan
Chad
Tuvalu
Andorra
Ukraine
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Nicaragua 1.33 1.21 1.07
Uzbekistan
Niger 0.19 0.17 0.14
Algeria
Canada 0.91 1.23
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
Yemen, Rep.
Lebanon
Zimbabwe 0.50

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