Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Guinea 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Togo 0.16 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.15
Mali 0.16 0.16 0.18 0.18
Central African Republic 0.15 0.17
Mauritania 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.21 0.21
Benin 0.14 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.20
Tanzania 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.21 0.19
Yemen, Rep. 0.21
Congo, Rep. 0.22 0.23
Pakistan 0.27
Burkina Faso 0.30 0.29 0.30 0.32 0.28
Ghana 0.31 0.31 0.24 0.30
Senegal 0.32
Mozambique 0.33 0.31 0.31 0.30
Burundi 0.36 0.35 0.35
Malawi 0.35 0.36 0.31 0.36 0.41
Comoros 0.40
Uganda 0.38 0.40 0.43 0.46 0.48
Djibouti 0.44 1.28 1.04
Zimbabwe 0.48
Turkey 0.50 0.51 0.52 0.59 0.62
Korea, Rep. 0.49 0.52 0.58 0.57 0.58
Switzerland 0.54 0.55 0.57 0.59 0.60
Macao SAR, China 0.48 0.55 0.59 0.68
Morocco 0.59 0.62 0.65 0.68 0.71
Swaziland 0.76 0.64 0.71
Azerbaijan 0.67 0.65 0.72 0.80 0.90
Syrian Arab Republic 0.65 0.67 0.71 0.72 0.72
Tunisia 0.64 0.68 0.71 0.75 0.78
Trinidad and Tobago 0.79 0.69 0.71
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.70 0.73 0.76
Japan 0.65 0.71 0.81 0.82
Germany 0.75 0.76 0.78 0.81
Honduras 0.79 0.75 0.80 0.78
Czech Republic 0.81 0.83 0.83 0.97 0.96
South Africa 0.83 0.86 0.85 0.91
Netherlands 0.83 0.87 0.89 0.89 0.93
Saudi Arabia 1.07 0.87 1.05 0.94 0.96
Libya 0.87
Austria 0.87 0.89 0.90 0.92 0.94
Romania 0.93 0.89 0.92 0.91 0.94
Lebanon 0.91
Malta 0.82 0.92 0.98 1.00 0.98
Ireland 0.89 0.93 0.97 0.98 1.02
United Kingdom 0.96 0.98 1.01 1.03 1.06
Nicaragua 0.96 0.98 1.05
Greece 1.01 1.04 0.94 1.06
Italy 0.94 1.02 1.06 1.10 1.14
Estonia 1.04 1.05 1.08 1.10
Hungary 1.06 1.06 1.07 1.12 1.13
Macedonia, FYR 1.12 1.07 1.12 1.17 1.22
Spain 1.09 1.10 1.12 1.09 1.16
Albania 1.11 1.11 1.03 1.11 1.08
Jordan 1.13 1.11 1.12 1.06
Slovenia 1.25 1.13 1.21 1.26 1.34
Finland 1.13 1.16 1.18 1.18 1.17
New Zealand 1.12 1.16 1.19 1.24 1.25
Denmark 1.15 1.17 1.08 1.09 1.12
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.18 1.22
Australia 1.18 1.19 0.99 1.01 1.04
Bulgaria 1.10 1.19 1.39 1.49 1.60
Latvia 1.28 1.19
Oman 0.97 1.20 1.23 1.35 1.20
Norway 1.19 1.20 1.20 1.21 1.25
France 1.18 1.21 1.23 1.25 1.26
Russian Federation 1.23 1.22 1.24
Myanmar 1.23 1.34 1.58
Sweden 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26
Canada 1.23 1.24 1.17 1.16 1.17
Barbados 1.24
Lesotho 1.53 1.28 1.35 1.33 1.35
Poland 1.32 1.35 1.30 1.36 1.41
Lithuania 1.36 1.41 1.45 1.44
Brunei Darussalam 1.36 1.40 1.42
Dominica 0.81 1.44 1.00
Cuba 1.40 1.44 1.42 1.37 1.46
Iceland 1.39 1.45 1.40 1.42 1.40
Philippines 1.49 1.37
Portugal 1.29 1.57 1.30 1.35 1.34
Bahrain 1.38 1.59 1.53 1.58 1.62
Kuwait 1.65 1.83 1.60 1.82
Cyprus 1.21 1.65 1.00 1.16 1.27
Qatar 3.46 4.65 5.17 5.35 5.50
United Arab Emirates 4.32 5.59 4.16
Paraguay 0.85
India 0.54 0.57
Sudan
Indonesia 0.67 0.63
Seychelles
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Iraq
El Salvador 0.93 0.97
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
Isle of Man
Thailand 1.14
Israel 1.01 1.09
Belgium 0.97 1.00 1.01 1.01
Cameroon
Eritrea 0.15
Jamaica
Sao Tome and Principe
Cabo Verde
Slovak Republic 0.96 0.99 1.00
Haiti
China 0.53
Kazakhstan 1.25 1.26
Croatia 0.97 0.95 1.01
Kenya
Antigua and Barbuda
Kiribati
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Panama 1.50
Guyana 0.77 0.83
Faroe Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Equatorial Guinea 0.15
Kyrgyz Republic 1.33 1.30 1.25
Samoa
Lao PDR 0.43 0.38 0.41
Bangladesh
Guatemala
Singapore
Afghanistan
Solomon Islands
Guam
Chile 0.85 0.86 0.85
Liberia
St. Martin (French part)
Grenada
Bahamas, The 2.71
Liechtenstein
Tajikistan
Greenland
Argentina
Luxembourg
Andorra
Brazil
Cambodia 0.21 0.20 0.18
Cayman Islands
Fiji
Madagascar 0.81 0.77 0.83
Palau
Botswana 0.73 0.80 0.73 0.91
Papua New Guinea 0.47
Malaysia
Peru
Maldives
Ethiopia 0.22 0.28 0.26
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Puerto Rico
Colombia 1.07 1.05
Belarus 1.23
American Samoa
Rwanda
Cote d'Ivoire 0.31 0.33
San Marino
Uzbekistan
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.58
Venezuela, RB
Serbia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sierra Leone
Algeria
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Chad
Ecuador
Mongolia
Somalia
Montenegro
South Sudan
Bhutan
Sri Lanka 0.50
Bermuda
St. Lucia 1.49
Georgia 0.91 1.32
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Namibia 1.76 1.58 1.55
Suriname
Nepal 0.32
Curacao
Belize
Aruba
New Caledonia
Armenia
Gambia, The 0.54
Timor-Leste
Gabon
Tonga
Niger
Angola
Nigeria
Turkmenistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
United States 1.28 1.29 1.29 1.31
Ukraine 1.31
Marshall Islands
Bolivia
Mauritius 0.73 0.85 1.00
Uruguay
Mexico 0.82 0.85 0.88
Vanuatu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Vietnam
Moldova 1.15
West Bank and Gaza
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Zambia
Monaco

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