Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Guinea 0.10 0.12 0.13
Eritrea 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.17
Chad 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.18
Togo 0.17 0.20
Cambodia 0.18 0.18 0.32
Mali 0.21 0.25 0.26 0.48 0.49
Tanzania 0.21 0.24 0.25 0.27 0.30
Mauritania 0.22 0.19 0.20 0.22
Benin 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.24
Ethiopia 0.24 0.26 0.24 0.23 0.28
Mozambique 0.26
Burkina Faso 0.32 0.30 0.30
Malawi 0.43 0.38 0.38
Lao PDR 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.48 0.52
Uganda 0.50 0.53 0.51
Indonesia 0.55 0.83 0.88
Korea, Rep. 0.58 0.63 0.59 0.60 0.61
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.59 0.79 0.86
Switzerland 0.61 0.70 0.72 0.75
India 0.61 0.62 0.66
Papua New Guinea 0.68 0.58 0.57
Guyana 0.77 0.91
West Bank and Gaza 0.80 0.82 0.83 0.86 0.90
Tunisia 0.80 0.83 0.87 0.96 1.04
Madagascar 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.87
Saudi Arabia 0.84 0.86 1.10 1.21 1.26
Germany 0.85 0.89
Chile 0.85 0.87 0.88 0.91 0.92
Mexico 0.87 0.90 0.92 0.94 0.95
Djibouti 0.89 0.79 1.05 0.89
Botswana 0.91 0.92 0.95
Czech Republic 0.92 0.98 0.97 1.03 1.03
Netherlands 0.93 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.03
Jordan 0.95 0.98 1.16
Austria 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.04 1.08
El Salvador 0.97 1.17 1.17 1.14
Azerbaijan 0.98 0.97
Swaziland 0.98 0.87 0.90
Croatia 0.98 1.07 1.05 1.16 1.16
Greece 1.01 1.00 1.09 1.10 1.09
Lebanon 1.02 1.06 1.13
Slovak Republic 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.11 1.06
Oman 1.03 1.01 0.94
Belgium 1.03 1.14 1.12
United Kingdom 1.04 1.09 1.13 1.15 1.18
Malta 1.05 1.12 1.08 1.11 1.20
Australia 1.06 1.07 1.22 1.22 1.23
Romania 1.07 1.04 1.04 1.08 1.12
Ireland 1.07 1.11 1.15 1.19 1.21
Colombia 1.10 1.13 1.00 1.11 1.09
Georgia 1.13 1.05 1.07 0.95
Estonia 1.14 1.18 1.41 1.41 1.46
Albania 1.16 1.28 1.26 1.41 1.40
Italy 1.16 1.21 1.33 1.26 1.28
Finland 1.16 1.17 1.20 1.22 1.21
Spain 1.17 1.17 1.18 1.18 1.18
Belarus 1.19 1.27 1.27 1.30 1.33
Hungary 1.19 1.19 1.23 1.24 1.22
Canada 1.19 1.32 1.34 1.34
Kyrgyz Republic 1.21 1.21 1.16 1.04 1.01
Denmark 1.21 1.29 1.33 1.37
Paraguay 1.23 1.38 1.36
Kazakhstan 1.24 1.14 1.16
Macedonia, FYR 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.30 1.31
France 1.25 1.26 1.24 1.23 1.22
Moldova 1.25 1.22 1.29 1.32
Norway 1.28 1.33 1.35 1.39 1.45
Sweden 1.29 1.31 1.34 1.41 1.45
New Zealand 1.29 1.36 1.43 1.46 1.46
United States 1.31 1.32 1.32 1.33
Lesotho 1.32 1.88 1.72
Portugal 1.33 1.31 1.30 1.34
Slovenia 1.35 1.35 1.31 1.36 1.37
Philippines 1.36 1.33 1.27
Cyprus 1.42 1.22 1.25 1.31
Poland 1.45 1.46 1.36 1.37 1.40
Iceland 1.48 1.46 1.55 1.69 1.66
Lithuania 1.51 1.49 1.55 1.53 1.53
Cuba 1.54 1.57 1.61 1.18 1.19
Kuwait 1.62 1.85 1.92
Bahrain 1.68 1.74
Bulgaria 1.70 1.66 1.64 1.54 1.41
Mongolia 2.27 2.23 2.14 1.86 1.79
St. Lucia 2.51
Qatar 5.15 4.28 3.46 3.06
Vietnam 0.66 0.77 0.73
Hong Kong SAR, China
Brazil
Armenia 1.26
Panama 1.57 1.62 1.72
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bolivia
Cabo Verde 1.03
Iraq 0.55 0.54
Tajikistan 0.43 0.45
Cameroon
Gambia, The
Isle of Man
Grenada
Israel 1.35 1.44 1.43
Rwanda
Equatorial Guinea 0.45
Sierra Leone 0.81
Jamaica 1.82
South Sudan
Japan 0.84 0.85 0.85
Argentina 1.64 1.55
Bhutan 0.58
Uruguay 1.84 1.76 1.76
Cayman Islands
Nigeria 0.79
Kenya 0.54
Pakistan
Kiribati
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Burundi 0.40 0.41 0.36
Bermuda
Ghana
Honduras 1.25 1.27
San Marino
Egypt, Arab Rep.
Serbia
Belize
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Latvia 1.53 1.48 1.65 1.79
Somalia
Afghanistan
Sri Lanka
Haiti
Sudan 1.12 1.23
Liberia 0.24 0.55
Antigua and Barbuda
Libya 0.98 0.98
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Vanuatu
Brunei Darussalam 1.81 1.84 1.69
Fiji
Luxembourg
Northern Mariana Islands
Macao SAR, China 0.84 0.73 0.91
Guam
Ecuador
Palau 2.35
Dominican Republic 1.35
Aruba 1.16 1.51
Dominica
Peru
Malaysia 1.07 1.02 1.06
Greenland
Maldives
Puerto Rico
Barbados 2.43 2.85
Central African Republic 0.19 0.19
Russian Federation
Marshall Islands
Samoa 0.96 1.05 0.92
Bangladesh 0.49 0.49
Sao Tome and Principe
Mauritius 0.84 0.80 0.85
Senegal
Guinea-Bissau
Seychelles
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Singapore
Zambia 0.46 0.46 0.46
Cote d'Ivoire 0.37 0.36
Comoros 0.75 0.73
Solomon Islands
Thailand 1.15 1.19
South Africa
Andorra
Costa Rica
St. Martin (French part)
St. Kitts and Nevis
Trinidad and Tobago 1.38 1.49
Turkey 0.54 0.66 0.66
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Turks and Caicos Islands
Suriname
Algeria
Gabon 0.56
United Arab Emirates
Syrian Arab Republic
Guatemala
Angola 0.69 0.63
Montenegro
Timor-Leste
Morocco 0.70 0.73 0.72 0.74
Tonga 1.35
Bahamas, The
American Samoa
Myanmar 1.56
Turkmenistan
Namibia 1.13 1.14
Tuvalu
Nepal 0.36
Ukraine 1.12 1.14 1.14
China
Congo, Rep. 0.27 0.31
New Caledonia
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Uzbekistan 0.82 0.84
French Polynesia
Venezuela, RB 1.46
Niger
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Nicaragua 1.09
Yemen, Rep. 0.16 0.28
Monaco
Zimbabwe

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