Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Guinea 0.10 0.12 0.13
Eritrea 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.17
Chad 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.18
Togo 0.17 0.20
Mauritania 0.22 0.19 0.20 0.22
Ethiopia 0.24 0.26 0.24 0.23 0.28
Tanzania 0.21 0.24 0.25 0.27 0.30
Mali 0.21 0.25 0.26 0.48 0.49
Burundi 0.40 0.41 0.36
Lao PDR 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.48 0.52
Zambia 0.46 0.46 0.46
Papua New Guinea 0.68 0.58 0.57
Korea, Rep. 0.58 0.63 0.59 0.60 0.61
Turkey 0.54 0.66 0.66
Vietnam 0.66 0.77 0.73
Angola 0.69 0.63
Switzerland 0.61 0.70 0.72 0.75
Morocco 0.70 0.73 0.72 0.74
West Bank and Gaza 0.80 0.82 0.83 0.86 0.90
Madagascar 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.87
Japan 0.84 0.85 0.85
Tunisia 0.80 0.83 0.87 0.96 1.04
Chile 0.85 0.87 0.88 0.91 0.92
Mexico 0.87 0.90 0.92 0.94 0.95
Oman 1.03 1.01 0.94
Samoa 0.96 1.05 0.92
Czech Republic 0.92 0.98 0.97 1.03 1.03
Netherlands 0.93 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.03
Austria 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.04 1.08
Colombia 1.10 1.13 1.00 1.11 1.09
Romania 1.07 1.04 1.04 1.08 1.12
Croatia 0.98 1.07 1.05 1.16 1.16
Malaysia 1.07 1.02 1.06
Malta 1.05 1.12 1.08 1.11 1.20
Slovak Republic 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.11 1.06
Greece 1.01 1.00 1.09 1.10 1.09
Saudi Arabia 0.84 0.86 1.10 1.21 1.26
Ukraine 1.12 1.14 1.14
United Kingdom 1.04 1.09 1.13 1.15 1.18
Namibia 1.13 1.14
Ireland 1.07 1.11 1.15 1.19 1.21
Kyrgyz Republic 1.21 1.21 1.16 1.04 1.01
El Salvador 0.97 1.17 1.17 1.14
Spain 1.17 1.17 1.18 1.18 1.18
Finland 1.16 1.17 1.20 1.22 1.21
Australia 1.06 1.07 1.22 1.22 1.23
Hungary 1.19 1.19 1.23 1.24 1.22
France 1.25 1.26 1.24 1.23 1.22
Macedonia, FYR 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.30 1.31
Albania 1.16 1.28 1.26 1.41 1.40
Belarus 1.19 1.27 1.27 1.30 1.33
Denmark 1.21 1.29 1.33 1.37
Portugal 1.33 1.31 1.30 1.34
Slovenia 1.35 1.35 1.31 1.36 1.37
Canada 1.19 1.32 1.34 1.34
United States 1.31 1.32 1.32 1.33
Italy 1.16 1.21 1.33 1.26 1.28
Philippines 1.36 1.33 1.27
Sweden 1.29 1.31 1.34 1.41 1.45
Israel 1.35 1.44 1.43
Norway 1.28 1.33 1.35 1.39 1.45
Poland 1.45 1.46 1.36 1.37 1.40
Estonia 1.14 1.18 1.41 1.41 1.46
New Zealand 1.29 1.36 1.43 1.46 1.46
Latvia 1.53 1.48 1.65 1.79
Iceland 1.48 1.46 1.55 1.69 1.66
Lithuania 1.51 1.49 1.55 1.53 1.53
Myanmar 1.56
Panama 1.57 1.62 1.72
Cuba 1.54 1.57 1.61 1.18 1.19
Bulgaria 1.70 1.66 1.64 1.54 1.41
Brunei Darussalam 1.81 1.84 1.69
Uruguay 1.84 1.76 1.76
Mongolia 2.27 2.23 2.14 1.86 1.79
Qatar 5.15 4.28 3.46 3.06
Somalia
Guam
Fiji
Guatemala
Equatorial Guinea 0.45
Bahamas, The
Guinea-Bissau
Georgia 1.13 1.05 1.07 0.95
Guyana 0.77 0.91
Serbia
Haiti
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Honduras 1.25 1.27
Faeroe Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Ghana
Egypt, Arab Rep.
Botswana 0.91 0.92 0.95
Gabon 0.56
San Marino
India 0.61 0.62 0.66
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Indonesia 0.55 0.83 0.88
Sri Lanka
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.59 0.79 0.86
Bangladesh 0.49 0.49
Iraq 0.55 0.54
Tuvalu
Ecuador
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Nigeria 0.79
Dominican Republic 1.35
Pakistan
Dominica
Paraguay 1.23 1.38 1.36
Jamaica 1.82
Bolivia
Djibouti 0.89 0.79 1.05 0.89
Rwanda
Jordan 0.95 0.98 1.16
Benin 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.24
Kazakhstan 1.24 1.14 1.16
Sierra Leone 0.81
Kenya 0.54
Belgium 1.03 1.14 1.12
Kiribati
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Lucia 2.51
Cyprus 1.42 1.22 1.25 1.31
Suriname
Kuwait 1.62 1.85 1.92
Syrian Arab Republic
Curacao
Grenada
Greenland
Gambia, The
Cote d'Ivoire 0.37 0.36
Vanuatu
Afghanistan
Algeria
Lesotho 1.32 1.88 1.72
Niger
Liberia 0.24 0.55
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya 0.98 0.98
Germany 0.85 0.89
Liechtenstein
Palau 2.35
French Polynesia
Brazil
Luxembourg
Peru
Macao SAR, China 0.84 0.73 0.91
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bhutan 0.58
Puerto Rico
Costa Rica
Congo, Rep. 0.27 0.31
Russian Federation
Malawi 0.43 0.38 0.38
Bermuda
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe
Maldives
Senegal
Comoros 0.75 0.73
Seychelles
China
Singapore
Marshall Islands
Belize
Central African Republic 0.19 0.19
Solomon Islands
Mauritius 0.84 0.80 0.85
South Africa
Cayman Islands
Barbados 2.43 2.85
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Kitts and Nevis
Moldova 1.25 1.22 1.29 1.32
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Sudan 1.12 1.23
Timor-Leste
Swaziland 0.98 0.87 0.90
Tonga 1.35
Bahrain 1.68 1.74
Aruba 1.16 1.51
Tajikistan 0.43 0.45
Turkmenistan
Thailand 1.15 1.19
Montenegro
Azerbaijan 0.98 0.97
Cameroon
Trinidad and Tobago 1.38 1.49
Mozambique 0.26
Armenia 1.26
Argentina 1.64 1.55
Turks and Caicos Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Uganda 0.50 0.53 0.51
Cambodia 0.18 0.18 0.32
United Arab Emirates
Nepal 0.36
Andorra
Cabo Verde 1.03
Uzbekistan 0.82 0.84
New Caledonia
Venezuela, RB 1.46
Burkina Faso 0.32 0.30 0.30
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Nicaragua 1.09
Yemen, Rep. 0.16 0.28
Lebanon 1.02 1.06 1.13
Zimbabwe

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