Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 1.16 1.28 1.26 1.41 1.40
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.69 0.63
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 1.64 1.55
Armenia 1.26
Aruba 1.16 1.51
Australia 1.06 1.07 1.22 1.22 1.23
Austria 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.04 1.08
Azerbaijan 0.98 0.97
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 1.68 1.74
Bangladesh 0.49 0.49
Barbados 2.43 2.85
Belarus 1.19 1.27 1.27 1.30 1.33
Belgium 1.03 1.14 1.12
Belize
Benin 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.24
Bermuda
Bhutan 0.58
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 0.91 0.92 0.95
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam 1.81 1.84 1.69
Bulgaria 1.70 1.66 1.64 1.54 1.41
Burkina Faso 0.32 0.30 0.30
Burundi 0.40 0.41 0.36
Cabo Verde 1.03
Cambodia 0.18 0.18 0.32
Cameroon
Canada 1.19 1.32 1.34 1.34
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0.19 0.19
Chad 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.18
Chile 0.85 0.87 0.88 0.91 0.92
China
Colombia 1.10 1.13 1.00 1.11 1.09
Comoros 0.75 0.73
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 0.27 0.31
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire 0.37 0.36
Croatia 0.98 1.07 1.05 1.16 1.16
Cuba 1.54 1.57 1.61 1.18 1.19
Curacao
Cyprus 1.42 1.22 1.25 1.31
Czech Republic 0.92 0.98 0.97 1.03 1.03
Denmark 1.21 1.29 1.33 1.37
Djibouti 0.89 0.79 1.05 0.89
Dominica
Dominican Republic 1.35
Ecuador
Egypt, Arab Rep.
El Salvador 0.97 1.17 1.17 1.14
Equatorial Guinea 0.45
Eritrea 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.17
Estonia 1.14 1.18 1.41 1.41 1.46
Ethiopia 0.24 0.26 0.24 0.23 0.28
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 1.16 1.17 1.20 1.22 1.21
France 1.25 1.26 1.24 1.23 1.22
French Polynesia
Gabon 0.56
Gambia, The
Georgia 1.13 1.05 1.07 0.95
Germany 0.85 0.89
Ghana
Greece 1.01 1.00 1.09 1.10 1.09
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 0.10 0.12 0.13
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 0.77 0.91
Haiti
Honduras 1.25 1.27
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 1.19 1.19 1.23 1.24 1.22
Iceland 1.48 1.46 1.55 1.69 1.66
India 0.61 0.62 0.66
Indonesia 0.55 0.83 0.88
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.59 0.79 0.86
Iraq 0.55 0.54
Ireland 1.07 1.11 1.15 1.19 1.21
Isle of Man
Israel 1.35 1.44 1.43
Italy 1.16 1.21 1.33 1.26 1.28
Jamaica 1.82
Japan 0.84 0.85 0.85
Jordan 0.95 0.98 1.16
Kazakhstan 1.24 1.14 1.16
Kenya 0.54
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 0.58 0.63 0.59 0.60 0.61
Kuwait 1.62 1.85 1.92
Kyrgyz Republic 1.21 1.21 1.16 1.04 1.01
Lao PDR 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.48 0.52
Latvia 1.53 1.48 1.65 1.79
Lebanon 1.02 1.06 1.13
Lesotho 1.32 1.88 1.72
Liberia 0.24 0.55
Libya 0.98 0.98
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 1.51 1.49 1.55 1.53 1.53
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China 0.84 0.73 0.91
Macedonia, FYR 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.30 1.31
Madagascar 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.87
Malawi 0.43 0.38 0.38
Malaysia 1.07 1.02 1.06
Maldives
Mali 0.21 0.25 0.26 0.48 0.49
Malta 1.05 1.12 1.08 1.11 1.20
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 0.22 0.19 0.20 0.22
Mauritius 0.84 0.80 0.85
Mexico 0.87 0.90 0.92 0.94 0.95
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 1.25 1.22 1.29 1.32
Monaco
Mongolia 2.27 2.23 2.14 1.86 1.79
Montenegro
Morocco 0.70 0.73 0.72 0.74
Mozambique 0.26
Myanmar 1.56
Namibia 1.13 1.14
Nepal 0.36
Netherlands 0.93 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.03
New Caledonia
New Zealand 1.29 1.36 1.43 1.46 1.46
Nicaragua 1.09
Niger
Nigeria 0.79
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 1.28 1.33 1.35 1.39 1.45
Oman 1.03 1.01 0.94
Pakistan
Palau 2.35
Panama 1.57 1.62 1.72
Papua New Guinea 0.68 0.58 0.57
Paraguay 1.23 1.38 1.36
Peru
Philippines 1.36 1.33 1.27
Poland 1.45 1.46 1.36 1.37 1.40
Portugal 1.33 1.31 1.30 1.34
Puerto Rico
Qatar 5.15 4.28 3.46 3.06
Romania 1.07 1.04 1.04 1.08 1.12
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa 0.96 1.05 0.92
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 0.84 0.86 1.10 1.21 1.26
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 0.81
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.11 1.06
Slovenia 1.35 1.35 1.31 1.36 1.37
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain 1.17 1.17 1.18 1.18 1.18
Sri Lanka
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 2.51
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 1.12 1.23
Suriname
Swaziland 0.98 0.87 0.90
Sweden 1.29 1.31 1.34 1.41 1.45
Switzerland 0.61 0.70 0.72 0.75
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan 0.43 0.45
Tanzania 0.21 0.24 0.25 0.27 0.30
Thailand 1.15 1.19
Timor-Leste
Togo 0.17 0.20
Tonga 1.35
Trinidad and Tobago 1.38 1.49
Tunisia 0.80 0.83 0.87 0.96 1.04
Turkey 0.54 0.66 0.66
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.50 0.53 0.51
Ukraine 1.12 1.14 1.14
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 1.04 1.09 1.13 1.15 1.18
United States 1.31 1.32 1.32 1.33
Uruguay 1.84 1.76 1.76
Uzbekistan 0.82 0.84
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 1.46
Vietnam 0.66 0.77 0.73
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 0.80 0.82 0.83 0.86 0.90
Yemen, Rep. 0.16 0.28
Zambia 0.46 0.46 0.46
Zimbabwe

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