Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Afghanistan
Albania 1.02 0.95 0.91 0.86
Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 1.13 1.13 1.17 1.15 1.13
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 0.85 0.87 0.89 0.90 0.95
Austria 0.73 0.76 0.79 0.81 0.84
Azerbaijan 0.76
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 0.92 1.06 1.39
Bangladesh 0.17 0.29 0.24 0.23 0.25
Barbados 1.17 0.90 0.99
Belarus
Belgium 0.83 0.83 0.86 0.88 0.86
Belize
Benin 0.23 0.20 0.22 0.21
Bermuda 1.06
Bhutan 0.21
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 0.52 0.48 0.53 0.49 0.82
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam 0.96 1.87
Bulgaria 1.35 1.23 1.18 1.20 1.21
Burkina Faso 0.27 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.29
Burundi 0.31 0.31 0.35 0.34
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0.09 0.12 0.06 0.11
Chad 0.09
Chile 0.75 0.76 0.78
China
Colombia 0.82 0.87 0.94 0.97
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 0.18 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.18
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba 0.97 1.10 1.13 1.15 1.20
Curacao
Cyprus 0.79 0.68 0.86 0.91 0.90
Czech Republic 0.71 0.72 0.75 0.76 0.75
Denmark 1.01 1.03 1.00 1.02 1.02
Djibouti
Dominica 0.31 6.42 2.04
Dominican Republic
Ecuador 0.65
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.48 0.49 0.50 0.49 0.52
El Salvador 0.58 0.70 0.72 0.70
Equatorial Guinea 0.11
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 0.15 0.14 0.12
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 0.61
Finland 0.98 1.00 1.01 0.95 0.98
France 0.94 0.97 1.01
French Polynesia
Gabon 0.34 0.37
Gambia, The
Georgia 0.88
Germany
Ghana 0.27
Greece 0.74 0.79 0.85 0.97 1.02
Greenland
Grenada 1.54 0.95 1.20
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea 0.23 0.27 0.28 0.34
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 0.74 0.78 0.68 0.89 0.92
Haiti 0.43 0.50
Honduras
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.54 0.56 0.57
Hungary 1.03 1.09 1.11 1.17 1.18
Iceland 1.05 1.08 1.12
India 0.39 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.45
Indonesia 0.46 0.48 0.46 0.49
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq 0.49 0.47 0.47 0.48 0.41
Ireland 0.71 0.70 0.72 0.78 0.79
Isle of Man
Israel 1.10 0.89 0.91 0.93
Italy 0.76 0.81 0.83 0.85
Jamaica
Japan 0.50 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54
Jordan 0.99 0.80 0.86 0.89 0.96
Kazakhstan
Kenya 0.51 0.35
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 0.36 0.38 0.42 0.48
Kuwait 1.75 1.53 1.55 1.33 1.20
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 0.46 0.48 0.46 0.54
Latvia 1.38 1.37 1.38 1.45 1.46
Lebanon 0.56 0.58 0.58 0.60
Lesotho 0.96 0.98 0.94 0.92 1.01
Liberia
Libya 0.36 0.38 0.38
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 1.28
Luxembourg 0.54 0.53 0.47 0.55 0.52
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi 0.34 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.27
Malaysia 0.74 0.81 0.76 0.82
Maldives
Mali 0.13 0.14 0.15
Malta 0.34 0.28 0.29 0.35 0.45
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 0.41 0.35 0.44 0.39 0.60
Mexico 0.48 0.51 0.54 0.55
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.33 0.88
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique 0.25 0.29
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal 0.26
Netherlands 0.69 0.73 0.75 0.75 0.73
New Caledonia
New Zealand 0.74 0.73 0.74 0.84 0.88
Nicaragua 0.89 0.83 0.91 1.30
Niger 0.17 0.14 0.13 0.20 0.17
Nigeria 0.36
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 0.96 0.99 1.00 1.02 1.05
Oman 0.00 0.09 0.04 0.47 0.73
Pakistan
Palau
Panama 1.21 1.25 1.46 1.31 1.40
Papua New Guinea 0.32 0.31 0.32
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines 1.20 1.20
Poland 1.32 1.33 1.30 1.31 1.31
Portugal 0.95 1.00 1.02 1.22 1.14
Puerto Rico
Qatar 2.98 2.71 2.77 3.21 3.08
Romania 0.76 0.77 0.76 0.79 0.81
Russian Federation 1.31
Rwanda 0.11 0.15 0.16
Samoa 0.08 0.97
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 0.45 0.49 0.54 0.62 0.66
Senegal 0.23 0.23 0.25 0.26
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 0.30 0.30
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia 1.16 1.17 1.12 1.03 1.06
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain 0.79 0.85 0.90 0.95 0.96
Sri Lanka 0.76 0.68 0.67 0.70
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.05 2.67
St. Lucia 1.06 1.48 0.87 0.96 0.83
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan
Suriname 1.12
Swaziland 0.61
Sweden 1.14
Switzerland 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.48
Syrian Arab Republic 0.42 0.49 0.48 0.51 0.52
Tajikistan
Tanzania 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.17
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Togo 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18
Tonga 0.81 1.40 1.42
Trinidad and Tobago 0.74 0.66 0.82 0.59 0.61
Tunisia 0.43 0.47 0.51 0.54 0.58
Turkey 0.34 0.43 0.50 0.46
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.29 0.37 0.30
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 2.02 2.07 1.85 1.68 2.05
United Kingdom 0.60 0.62 0.82 0.82 0.84
United States 1.07 1.09 1.08 1.09 1.11
Uruguay 1.00 0.98
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB
Vietnam 0.31
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 0.26 0.28
Zimbabwe 0.52 0.53

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