Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Oman 0.00 0.09 0.04 0.47 0.73
Samoa 0.08 0.97
Central African Republic 0.09 0.12 0.06 0.11
Rwanda 0.11 0.15 0.16
Niger 0.17 0.14 0.13 0.20 0.17
Bangladesh 0.17 0.29 0.24 0.23 0.25
Togo 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18
Congo, Rep. 0.18 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.18
Senegal 0.23 0.23 0.25 0.26
Guinea 0.23 0.27 0.28 0.34
Zambia 0.26 0.28
Burkina Faso 0.27 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.29
Uganda 0.29 0.37 0.30
Dominica 0.31 6.42 2.04
Burundi 0.31 0.31 0.35 0.34
Vietnam 0.31
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.33 0.88
Malta 0.34 0.28 0.29 0.35 0.45
Malawi 0.34 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.27
Libya 0.36 0.38 0.38
India 0.39 0.42 0.42 0.42 0.45
Mauritius 0.41 0.35 0.44 0.39 0.60
Syrian Arab Republic 0.42 0.49 0.48 0.51 0.52
Haiti 0.43 0.50
Switzerland 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.48
Tunisia 0.43 0.47 0.51 0.54 0.58
Saudi Arabia 0.45 0.49 0.54 0.62 0.66
Lao PDR 0.46 0.48 0.46 0.54
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.48 0.49 0.50 0.49 0.52
Mexico 0.48 0.51 0.54 0.55
Iraq 0.49 0.47 0.47 0.48 0.41
Japan 0.50 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54
Botswana 0.52 0.48 0.53 0.49 0.82
Luxembourg 0.54 0.53 0.47 0.55 0.52
Lebanon 0.56 0.58 0.58 0.60
United Kingdom 0.60 0.62 0.82 0.82 0.84
Swaziland 0.61
Netherlands 0.69 0.73 0.75 0.75 0.73
Czech Republic 0.71 0.72 0.75 0.76 0.75
Ireland 0.71 0.70 0.72 0.78 0.79
Austria 0.73 0.76 0.79 0.81 0.84
Greece 0.74 0.79 0.85 0.97 1.02
Trinidad and Tobago 0.74 0.66 0.82 0.59 0.61
New Zealand 0.74 0.73 0.74 0.84 0.88
Guyana 0.74 0.78 0.68 0.89 0.92
Italy 0.76 0.81 0.83 0.85
Romania 0.76 0.77 0.76 0.79 0.81
Azerbaijan 0.76
Sri Lanka 0.76 0.68 0.67 0.70
Cyprus 0.79 0.68 0.86 0.91 0.90
Spain 0.79 0.85 0.90 0.95 0.96
Tonga 0.81 1.40 1.42
Colombia 0.82 0.87 0.94 0.97
Belgium 0.83 0.83 0.86 0.88 0.86
Australia 0.85 0.87 0.89 0.90 0.95
Georgia 0.88
Bahrain 0.92 1.06 1.39
Portugal 0.95 1.00 1.02 1.22 1.14
Lesotho 0.96 0.98 0.94 0.92 1.01
Norway 0.96 0.99 1.00 1.02 1.05
Cuba 0.97 1.10 1.13 1.15 1.20
Finland 0.98 1.00 1.01 0.95 0.98
Jordan 0.99 0.80 0.86 0.89 0.96
Denmark 1.01 1.03 1.00 1.02 1.02
Albania 1.02 0.95 0.91 0.86
Hungary 1.03 1.09 1.11 1.17 1.18
Iceland 1.05 1.08 1.12
Bermuda 1.06
St. Lucia 1.06 1.48 0.87 0.96 0.83
United States 1.07 1.09 1.08 1.09 1.11
Israel 1.10 0.89 0.91 0.93
Argentina 1.13 1.13 1.17 1.15 1.13
Slovenia 1.16 1.17 1.12 1.03 1.06
Barbados 1.17 0.90 0.99
Philippines 1.20 1.20
Panama 1.21 1.25 1.46 1.31 1.40
Lithuania 1.28
Russian Federation 1.31
Poland 1.32 1.33 1.30 1.31 1.31
Bulgaria 1.35 1.23 1.18 1.20 1.21
Latvia 1.38 1.37 1.38 1.45 1.46
Kuwait 1.75 1.53 1.55 1.33 1.20
United Arab Emirates 2.02 2.07 1.85 1.68 2.05
Qatar 2.98 2.71 2.77 3.21 3.08
Paraguay
Brazil
Angola
Indonesia 0.46 0.48 0.46 0.49
Croatia
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Algeria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Singapore
Gambia, The
Cameroon
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Gabon 0.34 0.37
Pakistan
French Polynesia
Armenia
Jamaica
Solomon Islands
Bolivia
St. Martin (French part)
France 0.94 0.97 1.01
Tajikistan
Kazakhstan
Turkey 0.34 0.43 0.50 0.46
Kenya 0.51 0.35
Uruguay 1.00 0.98
Kiribati
Canada
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Korea, Rep. 0.36 0.38 0.42 0.48
Germany
Ghana 0.27
Seychelles
Kyrgyz Republic
Slovak Republic
Bhutan 0.21
South Africa
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.54 0.56 0.57
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.05 2.67
Afghanistan
Sudan
Fiji 0.61
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Liberia
Thailand
Faeroe Islands
China
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Brunei Darussalam 0.96 1.87
Honduras
Vanuatu
Ecuador 0.65
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Grenada 1.54 0.95 1.20
Guatemala
Palau
Djibouti
Papua New Guinea 0.32 0.31 0.32
Sao Tome and Principe
Peru
Benin 0.23 0.20 0.22 0.21
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Puerto Rico
Madagascar
Dominican Republic
Belize
Cambodia
Malaysia 0.74 0.81 0.76 0.82
San Marino
Maldives
Aruba
Mali 0.13 0.14 0.15
Serbia
Ethiopia 0.15 0.14 0.12
Sierra Leone 0.30 0.30
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mauritania
Curacao
Belarus
Somalia
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Estonia
Cote d'Ivoire
Moldova
Costa Rica
Monaco
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Mongolia
Suriname 1.12
Montenegro
Sweden 1.14
Morocco
Antigua and Barbuda
Mozambique 0.25 0.29
Tanzania 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.17
Myanmar
Timor-Leste
Namibia
Comoros
Nepal 0.26
Andorra
Eritrea
Turkmenistan
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
Chile 0.75 0.76 0.78
Ukraine
Equatorial Guinea 0.11
Nicaragua 0.89 0.83 0.91 1.30
Chad 0.09
Bahamas, The
Uzbekistan
Nigeria 0.36
Venezuela, RB
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
El Salvador 0.58 0.70 0.72 0.70
Yemen, Rep.
Cabo Verde
Zimbabwe 0.52 0.53

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