Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Central African Republic 0.12 0.15 0.19
Mali 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.15
Rwanda 0.15 0.18 0.21 0.25 0.23
Tanzania 0.16 0.14
Guinea 0.17 0.16 0.13 0.11 0.09
Afghanistan 0.17 0.48
Benin 0.18 0.18 0.16
Congo, Rep. 0.19 0.22 0.18 0.20
Ethiopia 0.22 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.22
Bangladesh 0.24 0.23 0.19 0.19 0.19
Burkina Faso 0.30 0.31 0.32 0.32 0.30
Malawi 0.30 0.33 0.32 0.25 0.35
Burundi 0.31 0.36 0.32 0.35 0.41
Haiti 0.34
Papua New Guinea 0.34
Nigeria 0.37 0.40 0.34 0.33
Pakistan 0.37 0.37 0.39 0.41
Uganda 0.39 0.39 0.38 0.39
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.43 0.41 0.50 0.52 0.53
Korea, Rep. 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.46 0.48
India 0.46 0.46 0.50 0.50 0.52
Turkey 0.48 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
Switzerland 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.50 0.53
Zimbabwe 0.50
Morocco 0.50 0.52 0.53 0.56 0.61
Malta 0.51 0.55 0.60 0.64 0.77
Luxembourg 0.52 0.44
Mauritius 0.52 0.65 0.52 0.54 0.60
Fiji 0.54
Syrian Arab Republic 0.55 0.57 0.56 0.56 0.64
Japan 0.56 0.58 0.61 0.63 0.65
Lao PDR 0.57 0.59 0.49
Iraq 0.57 0.64 0.66 0.62
Tunisia 0.58 0.60 0.60 0.61 0.61
Oman 0.62 0.67 0.69 0.89 0.95
Madagascar 0.62 0.69 0.75 0.77
Trinidad and Tobago 0.63 0.68 0.61
Sri Lanka 0.71
El Salvador 0.71
Venezuela, RB 0.72 1.08 0.93 0.92
Saudi Arabia 0.72 0.80
Netherlands 0.72 0.75 0.78 0.80 0.82
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.73 0.64 0.68
Czech Republic 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.80 0.79
Ireland 0.79 0.81 0.84 0.83 0.87
Chile 0.80 0.81
Romania 0.85 0.91 0.93 0.96 0.98
Guyana 0.86 0.74 0.72
United Kingdom 0.86 0.88 0.89 0.90 0.93
Austria 0.86 0.86 0.88 0.87 0.88
Albania 0.87 0.95 1.03 1.07 1.11
Belgium 0.88 0.92 0.94 0.91 0.96
Italy 0.88 0.91 0.92 0.94 0.96
Azerbaijan 0.90
New Zealand 0.92 0.94 0.96 1.02 1.08
Israel 0.94 0.91 0.94 0.95 0.98
Colombia 0.97 0.99 0.96 1.09
Australia 0.99 1.04 1.08 1.12 1.15
Finland 1.00 1.03 1.06 1.09 1.11
Jordan 1.00 1.13 1.25 1.21 1.29
Spain 1.01 1.02 1.05 1.04 1.07
Denmark 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.10 1.12
Cyprus 1.04 1.00 1.10 1.25 1.37
Greece 1.05 1.05 1.03 1.01 1.03
France 1.05 1.07 1.09 1.16 1.15
Lesotho 1.08 1.38 1.59 1.61 1.45
Brunei Darussalam 1.09 1.10
Slovenia 1.12 1.16 1.17 1.19 1.21
Norway 1.14 1.11 1.20 1.20 1.21
Argentina 1.14 1.16
Sweden 1.14 1.13 1.15 1.17 1.19
Kuwait 1.16 1.10 1.01 1.01 1.31
United States 1.17 1.20 1.23 1.26 1.27
Portugal 1.17 1.08
Hungary 1.21 1.21 1.20 1.19 1.08
Cuba 1.21 1.27 1.30 1.38 1.40
Suriname 1.24 1.12 1.14 1.21 1.22
Bulgaria 1.25 1.29 1.31 1.23 1.15
Iceland 1.29 1.31 1.32
Poland 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.32 1.46
Nicaragua 1.33 1.21 1.07
Russian Federation 1.39
Bahrain 1.60 1.32 1.60
Latvia 1.62 1.83 1.68 1.71 1.42
Lithuania 1.89 0.81 0.71
United Arab Emirates 1.94 2.15 2.62 3.45 4.06
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.21 1.74 2.17
Qatar 2.90 3.25 3.36 3.31 3.61
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Belize
Panama 1.55 1.40
Ecuador 0.68
Dominican Republic
Greenland
Guatemala
Isle of Man
Dominica 3.78
Faroe Islands
Djibouti
Philippines
Jamaica
Curacao
Guinea-Bissau 0.06
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
Kazakhstan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kenya 0.38
Grenada
Kiribati
Cambodia
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Ghana
Croatia
Paraguay
Brazil
Gambia, The
Honduras 0.63 0.65 0.75
Kyrgyz Republic
Equatorial Guinea
Cote d'Ivoire 0.24
Eritrea
Andorra
Costa Rica
Belarus
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tonga
Yemen, Rep.
Bahamas, The 2.24
Guam
Aruba
Antigua and Barbuda
Liechtenstein
Uzbekistan
Algeria
French Polynesia
San Marino
Niger 0.19 0.17 0.14
Botswana 0.87
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia
Cabo Verde
Sierra Leone
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Germany
Estonia
Peru
Somalia 0.24
Georgia
South Sudan
Puerto Rico
Bolivia
St. Lucia 1.21 1.18
Gabon 0.40 0.42 0.44 0.43
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Samoa
Macao SAR, China 0.40 0.38
Sao Tome and Principe
Macedonia, FYR 0.99 1.01
Senegal
Comoros 0.17
Seychelles
China
Singapore
Malaysia
Slovak Republic
Maldives
Solomon Islands
American Samoa
South Africa 0.84 0.84 0.79
Chad
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Marshall Islands
Bhutan
Mauritania 0.15 0.15 0.13
St. Martin (French part)
Angola 0.19
Sudan
Mexico
Swaziland 0.64
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Bermuda
Moldova
Tajikistan
Monaco
Thailand
Mongolia
Togo 0.15 0.14 0.15
Montenegro
Barbados 1.44 1.50
Cayman Islands
Mozambique 0.27
Turkmenistan
Myanmar
Tuvalu
Namibia
Ukraine
Nepal 0.26 0.31
Armenia
Canada 0.91 1.23
Uruguay
New Caledonia
Vanuatu
Cameroon
Vietnam
Liberia 0.30
West Bank and Gaza
Libya
Zambia 0.37 0.39
Lebanon

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