Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Tanzania 0.16 0.14
Togo 0.15 0.14 0.15
Mali 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.15
Guinea 0.17 0.16 0.13 0.11 0.09
Benin 0.18 0.18 0.16
Rwanda 0.15 0.18 0.21 0.25 0.23
Niger 0.19 0.17 0.14
Ethiopia 0.22 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.22
Bangladesh 0.24 0.23 0.19 0.19 0.19
Cote d'Ivoire 0.24
Somalia 0.24
Mozambique 0.27
Liberia 0.30
Burkina Faso 0.30 0.31 0.32 0.32 0.30
Malawi 0.30 0.33 0.32 0.25 0.35
Burundi 0.31 0.36 0.32 0.35 0.41
Pakistan 0.37 0.37 0.39 0.41
Kenya 0.38
Gabon 0.40 0.42 0.44 0.43
Nigeria 0.37 0.40 0.34 0.33
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.43 0.41 0.50 0.52 0.53
Luxembourg 0.52 0.44
Korea, Rep. 0.45 0.45 0.45 0.46 0.48
India 0.46 0.46 0.50 0.50 0.52
Switzerland 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.50 0.53
Turkey 0.48 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
Morocco 0.50 0.52 0.53 0.56 0.61
Malta 0.51 0.55 0.60 0.64 0.77
Syrian Arab Republic 0.55 0.57 0.56 0.56 0.64
Japan 0.56 0.58 0.61 0.63 0.65
Tunisia 0.58 0.60 0.60 0.61 0.61
Iraq 0.57 0.64 0.66 0.62
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.73 0.64 0.68
Mauritius 0.52 0.65 0.52 0.54 0.60
Oman 0.62 0.67 0.69 0.89 0.95
Trinidad and Tobago 0.63 0.68 0.61
Madagascar 0.62 0.69 0.75 0.77
Netherlands 0.72 0.75 0.78 0.80 0.82
Czech Republic 0.75 0.75 0.76 0.80 0.79
Saudi Arabia 0.72 0.80
Chile 0.80 0.81
Ireland 0.79 0.81 0.84 0.83 0.87
Austria 0.86 0.86 0.88 0.87 0.88
Botswana 0.87
United Kingdom 0.86 0.88 0.89 0.90 0.93
Italy 0.88 0.91 0.92 0.94 0.96
Israel 0.94 0.91 0.94 0.95 0.98
Romania 0.85 0.91 0.93 0.96 0.98
Belgium 0.88 0.92 0.94 0.91 0.96
New Zealand 0.92 0.94 0.96 1.02 1.08
Albania 0.87 0.95 1.03 1.07 1.11
Colombia 0.97 0.99 0.96 1.09
Cyprus 1.04 1.00 1.10 1.25 1.37
Spain 1.01 1.02 1.05 1.04 1.07
Finland 1.00 1.03 1.06 1.09 1.11
Australia 0.99 1.04 1.08 1.12 1.15
Denmark 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.10 1.12
Greece 1.05 1.05 1.03 1.01 1.03
France 1.05 1.07 1.09 1.16 1.15
Portugal 1.17 1.08
Venezuela, RB 0.72 1.08 0.93 0.92
Brunei Darussalam 1.09 1.10
Kuwait 1.16 1.10 1.01 1.01 1.31
Norway 1.14 1.11 1.20 1.20 1.21
Suriname 1.24 1.12 1.14 1.21 1.22
Sweden 1.14 1.13 1.15 1.17 1.19
Jordan 1.00 1.13 1.25 1.21 1.29
Argentina 1.14 1.16
Slovenia 1.12 1.16 1.17 1.19 1.21
United States 1.17 1.20 1.23 1.26 1.27
Hungary 1.21 1.21 1.20 1.19 1.08
St. Lucia 1.21 1.18
Nicaragua 1.33 1.21 1.07
Cuba 1.21 1.27 1.30 1.38 1.40
Bulgaria 1.25 1.29 1.31 1.23 1.15
Poland 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.32 1.46
Bahrain 1.60 1.32 1.60
Lesotho 1.08 1.38 1.59 1.61 1.45
Panama 1.55 1.40
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.21 1.74 2.17
Latvia 1.62 1.83 1.68 1.71 1.42
United Arab Emirates 1.94 2.15 2.62 3.45 4.06
Qatar 2.90 3.25 3.36 3.31 3.61
Slovak Republic
Hong Kong SAR, China
Haiti 0.34
Barbados 1.44 1.50
Iceland 1.29 1.31 1.32
Honduras 0.63 0.65 0.75
Guyana 0.86 0.74 0.72
Indonesia
Bolivia
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Armenia
Guinea-Bissau 0.06
Uruguay
Sao Tome and Principe
Philippines
Guatemala
Isle of Man
Seychelles
Guam
South Africa 0.84 0.84 0.79
Grenada
Sudan
Jamaica
Thailand
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Ghana
Kazakhstan
Vietnam
Germany
Paraguay
Russian Federation 1.39
Cayman Islands
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Samoa
Georgia
Senegal
Gambia, The
Singapore
Kyrgyz Republic
Solomon Islands
Lao PDR 0.57 0.59 0.49
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Zambia 0.37 0.39
St. Martin (French part)
Afghanistan 0.17 0.48
Swaziland 0.64
French Polynesia
Tajikistan
Fiji 0.54
Aruba
Libya
Angola 0.19
Liechtenstein
Uganda 0.39 0.39 0.38 0.39
Lithuania 1.89 0.81 0.71
Andorra
Faroe Islands
Vanuatu
Macao SAR, China 0.40 0.38
West Bank and Gaza
Macedonia, FYR 0.99 1.01
Papua New Guinea 0.34
Estonia
Peru
Eritrea
Central African Republic 0.12 0.15 0.19
Malaysia
Puerto Rico
Maldives
Canada 0.91 1.23
Equatorial Guinea
Cameroon
El Salvador 0.71
San Marino
Marshall Islands
Cambodia
Mauritania 0.15 0.15 0.13
Serbia
Ecuador 0.68
Sierra Leone
Mexico
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cabo Verde
Moldova
Brazil
Monaco
South Sudan
Mongolia
Sri Lanka 0.71
Montenegro
Bhutan
Dominican Republic
Bermuda
Dominica 3.78
Belize
Myanmar
Belarus
Namibia
Bahamas, The 2.24
Nepal 0.26 0.31
Azerbaijan 0.90
Djibouti
Timor-Leste
New Caledonia
Tonga
Curacao
Antigua and Barbuda
Croatia
Turkmenistan
Costa Rica
Tuvalu
Congo, Rep. 0.19 0.22 0.18 0.20
Ukraine
Northern Mariana Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Comoros 0.17
Uzbekistan
China
Algeria
Palau
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Chad
Yemen, Rep.
Lebanon
Zimbabwe 0.50

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