Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Guinea 0.10 0.12 0.13
Yemen, Rep. 0.16 0.28
Chad 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.18
Cambodia 0.18 0.18 0.32
Mauritania 0.22 0.19 0.20 0.22
Benin 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.24
Tanzania 0.21 0.24 0.25 0.27 0.30
Mali 0.21 0.25 0.26 0.48 0.49
Ethiopia 0.24 0.26 0.24 0.23 0.28
Burkina Faso 0.32 0.30 0.30
Cote d'Ivoire 0.37 0.36
Lao PDR 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.48 0.52
Turkey 0.54 0.66 0.66
India 0.61 0.62 0.66
Korea, Rep. 0.58 0.63 0.59 0.60 0.61
Morocco 0.70 0.73 0.72 0.74
Djibouti 0.89 0.79 1.05 0.89
Madagascar 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.87
West Bank and Gaza 0.80 0.82 0.83 0.86 0.90
Tunisia 0.80 0.83 0.87 0.96 1.04
Macao SAR, China 0.84 0.73 0.91
Mauritius 0.84 0.80 0.85
Saudi Arabia 0.84 0.86 1.10 1.21 1.26
Chile 0.85 0.87 0.88 0.91 0.92
Germany 0.85 0.89
Mexico 0.87 0.90 0.92 0.94 0.95
Guyana 0.77 0.91
Netherlands 0.93 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.03
Azerbaijan 0.98 0.97
Jordan 0.95 0.98 1.16
Austria 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.04 1.08
Czech Republic 0.92 0.98 0.97 1.03 1.03
Greece 1.01 1.00 1.09 1.10 1.09
Oman 1.03 1.01 0.94
Romania 1.07 1.04 1.04 1.08 1.12
Slovak Republic 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.11 1.06
Georgia 1.13 1.05 1.07 0.95
Croatia 0.98 1.07 1.05 1.16 1.16
Australia 1.06 1.07 1.22 1.22 1.23
United Kingdom 1.04 1.09 1.13 1.15 1.18
Nicaragua 1.09
Ireland 1.07 1.11 1.15 1.19 1.21
Malta 1.05 1.12 1.08 1.11 1.20
Colombia 1.10 1.13 1.00 1.11 1.09
Namibia 1.13 1.14
Finland 1.16 1.17 1.20 1.22 1.21
Spain 1.17 1.17 1.18 1.18 1.18
Estonia 1.14 1.18 1.41 1.41 1.46
Hungary 1.19 1.19 1.23 1.24 1.22
Italy 1.16 1.21 1.33 1.26 1.28
Kyrgyz Republic 1.21 1.21 1.16 1.04 1.01
Moldova 1.25 1.22 1.29 1.32
Cyprus 1.42 1.22 1.25 1.31
Macedonia, FYR 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.30 1.31
France 1.25 1.26 1.24 1.23 1.22
Belarus 1.19 1.27 1.27 1.30 1.33
Albania 1.16 1.28 1.26 1.41 1.40
Sweden 1.29 1.31 1.34 1.41 1.45
Norway 1.28 1.33 1.35 1.39 1.45
Dominican Republic 1.35
Slovenia 1.35 1.35 1.31 1.36 1.37
New Zealand 1.29 1.36 1.43 1.46 1.46
Poland 1.45 1.46 1.36 1.37 1.40
Iceland 1.48 1.46 1.55 1.69 1.66
Lithuania 1.51 1.49 1.55 1.53 1.53
Latvia 1.53 1.48 1.65 1.79
Cuba 1.54 1.57 1.61 1.18 1.19
Bulgaria 1.70 1.66 1.64 1.54 1.41
Kuwait 1.62 1.85 1.92
Mongolia 2.27 2.23 2.14 1.86 1.79
Qatar 5.15 4.28 3.46 3.06
Sri Lanka
Ghana
French Polynesia
Eritrea 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.17
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
San Marino
Panama 1.57 1.62 1.72
Grenada
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guatemala
Armenia 1.26
Equatorial Guinea 0.45
Uruguay 1.84 1.76 1.76
Guinea-Bissau
Bermuda
El Salvador 0.97 1.17 1.17 1.14
Philippines 1.36 1.33 1.27
Haiti
Honduras 1.25 1.27
Serbia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
Egypt, Arab Rep.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Ecuador
Argentina 1.64 1.55
Dominica
Ukraine 1.12 1.14 1.14
Indonesia 0.55 0.83 0.88
Vietnam 0.66 0.77 0.73
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.59 0.79 0.86
Nigeria 0.79
Iraq 0.55 0.54
Pakistan
Denmark 1.21 1.29 1.33 1.37
Paraguay 1.23 1.38 1.36
Isle of Man
Portugal 1.33 1.31 1.30 1.34
Israel 1.35 1.44 1.43
Rwanda
Curacao
Bangladesh 0.49 0.49
Jamaica 1.82
Sierra Leone 0.81
Japan 0.84 0.85 0.85
Bahamas, The
Fiji
South Sudan
Kazakhstan 1.24 1.14 1.16
St. Lucia 2.51
Kenya 0.54
Suriname
Kiribati
Syrian Arab Republic
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Timor-Leste
Costa Rica
Tuvalu
Gambia, The
Andorra
Congo, Rep. 0.27 0.31
Vanuatu
Congo, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Zambia 0.46 0.46 0.46
Niger
Afghanistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Lesotho 1.32 1.88 1.72
Belize
Liberia 0.24 0.55
Palau 2.35
Libya 0.98 0.98
Papua New Guinea 0.68 0.58 0.57
Liechtenstein
Peru
Comoros 0.75 0.73
Belgium 1.03 1.14 1.12
Barbados 2.43 2.85
Puerto Rico
Luxembourg
China
Russian Federation
Central African Republic 0.19 0.19
Samoa 0.96 1.05 0.92
Cayman Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Malawi 0.43 0.38 0.38
Senegal
Malaysia 1.07 1.02 1.06
Seychelles
Maldives
Singapore
Canada 1.19 1.32 1.34 1.34
Bahrain 1.68 1.74
Cameroon
Solomon Islands
Marshall Islands
South Africa
Cabo Verde 1.03
Aruba 1.16 1.51
Burundi 0.40 0.41 0.36
St. Kitts and Nevis
Gabon 0.56
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sudan 1.12 1.23
Brunei Darussalam 1.81 1.84 1.69
Swaziland 0.98 0.87 0.90
Monaco
Switzerland 0.61 0.70 0.72 0.75
Tonga 1.35
Tajikistan 0.43 0.45
Antigua and Barbuda
Thailand 1.15 1.19
Turkmenistan
Togo 0.17 0.20
Montenegro
Trinidad and Tobago 1.38 1.49
Brazil
Angola 0.69 0.63
Mozambique 0.26
Turks and Caicos Islands
Myanmar 1.56
Uganda 0.50 0.53 0.51
Botswana 0.91 0.92 0.95
United Arab Emirates
Nepal 0.36
United States 1.31 1.32 1.32 1.33
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Uzbekistan 0.82 0.84
New Caledonia
Venezuela, RB 1.46
Bolivia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bhutan 0.58
Algeria
Lebanon 1.02 1.06 1.13
Zimbabwe

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