Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Guinea 0.10 0.12 0.13
Eritrea 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.17
Chad 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.18
Togo 0.17 0.20
Mauritania 0.22 0.19 0.20 0.22
Ethiopia 0.24 0.26 0.24 0.23 0.28
Tanzania 0.21 0.24 0.25 0.27 0.30
Mali 0.21 0.25 0.26 0.48 0.49
Burundi 0.40 0.41 0.36
Lao PDR 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.48 0.52
Zambia 0.46 0.46
Papua New Guinea 0.68 0.58 0.57
Korea, Rep. 0.58 0.63 0.59 0.60 0.61
Turkey 0.54 0.66 0.66
Vietnam 0.66 0.77 0.73
Angola 0.69 0.63
Switzerland 0.61 0.70 0.72 0.75
Morocco 0.70 0.73 0.72 0.73
West Bank and Gaza 0.80 0.82 0.83 0.86 0.90
Madagascar 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.84 0.87
Japan 0.84 0.85 0.85
Chile 0.85 0.87 0.87 0.90 0.90
Tunisia 0.80 0.83 0.87 0.96 1.03
Botswana 0.91 0.92 0.94 0.94
Mexico 0.90 0.91 0.92 0.93 0.94
Oman 1.04 1.01 0.94
Samoa 0.96 1.05 0.92
Czech Republic 0.92 0.98 0.97 1.03 1.04
Netherlands 0.94 0.97 0.98 1.01 1.04
Austria 0.97 0.98 1.00 1.04 1.08
Colombia 1.10 1.13 1.01 1.11 1.09
Romania 1.06 1.04 1.05 1.09 1.13
Croatia 1.00 1.09 1.06 1.17 1.16
Malta 1.04 1.12 1.08 1.11 1.21
Slovak Republic 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.11 1.06
Greece 1.01 1.00 1.09 1.10 1.10
Ukraine 1.11 1.13 1.13
United Kingdom 1.04 1.09 1.13 1.15 1.18
Saudi Arabia 0.95 0.91 1.14 1.22 1.26
Namibia 1.13 1.14
El Salvador 0.96 1.16 1.15 1.11
Kyrgyz Republic 1.21 1.21 1.16 1.04 1.01
Ireland 1.07 1.12 1.16 1.20 1.23
Spain 1.17 1.17 1.19 1.19 1.18
Finland 1.16 1.17 1.20 1.22 1.21
Australia 1.06 1.07 1.22 1.22 1.23
Hungary 1.19 1.19 1.23 1.24 1.22
Macedonia, FYR 1.24 1.24 1.25 1.28 1.28
France 1.26 1.27 1.25 1.24 1.23
Belarus 1.18 1.26 1.26 1.30 1.32
Albania 1.13 1.26 1.27 1.44 1.43
Denmark 1.21 1.29 1.33 1.37
Portugal 1.33 1.31 1.30 1.34
Slovenia 1.36 1.35 1.31 1.36 1.37
Canada 1.19 1.32 1.34 1.34
Philippines 1.36 1.33 1.27
Italy 1.16 1.21 1.33 1.27 1.29
United States 1.32 1.34 1.34 1.34
Sweden 1.29 1.31 1.34 1.41 1.45
Israel 1.35 1.44 1.43
Norway 1.28 1.33 1.35 1.39 1.45
Poland 1.45 1.46 1.37 1.38 1.41
New Zealand 1.28 1.35 1.42 1.46 1.45
Estonia 1.14 1.19 1.43 1.44 1.49
Latvia 1.53 1.48 1.65 1.79
Iceland 1.48 1.46 1.55 1.69 1.66
Lithuania 1.51 1.49 1.55 1.53 1.54
Panama 1.55 1.60 1.70
Myanmar 1.56
Cuba 1.54 1.57 1.60 1.18 1.19
Bulgaria 1.70 1.66 1.64 1.54 1.41
Brunei Darussalam 1.81 1.84 1.68
Uruguay 1.84 1.76 1.76
Mongolia 2.27 2.23 2.14 1.86 1.79
Qatar 5.12 4.25 3.43 3.04
Somalia
Guam
Fiji
Guatemala
Equatorial Guinea 0.45
Bahamas, The
Guinea-Bissau
French Polynesia
Guyana 0.78 0.92
Serbia
Haiti
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Honduras 1.25 1.27
Turkmenistan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Burkina Faso 0.32 0.30 0.30
Egypt, Arab Rep.
Brazil
Gambia, The
San Marino
India 0.61 0.62 0.66
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Indonesia 0.55 0.84 0.89
Sri Lanka
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.58 0.79 0.85
Grenada
Iraq 0.54 0.54
Tonga 1.35
Ecuador
Greenland
Isle of Man
Nigeria 0.79
Dominican Republic 1.33
Pakistan
Dominica
Paraguay 1.23 1.38 1.36
Jamaica 1.83
Bolivia
Djibouti 0.89 0.79 1.05 0.89
Rwanda
Jordan 0.95 0.97 1.15
Benin 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.24
Kazakhstan 1.24 1.14 1.16
Sierra Leone 0.81
Kenya 0.54
Belgium 1.03 1.14 1.12
Kiribati
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
St. Lucia 2.51
Cyprus 1.42 1.22 1.25 1.31
Suriname
Kuwait 1.81 1.97 1.90
Syrian Arab Republic
Curacao
Timor-Leste
Faroe Islands
Aruba 1.16 1.51
Cote d'Ivoire 0.37 0.36
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Algeria
Lesotho 1.32 1.88 1.72
Niger
Liberia 0.24 0.55
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya 0.99 0.99
Ghana
Liechtenstein
Palau
Gabon 0.56
Germany 0.85 0.89
Luxembourg
Peru
Macao SAR, China 0.84 0.73 0.91
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bhutan 0.58
Puerto Rico
Costa Rica
Congo, Rep. 0.27 0.31
Russian Federation
Malawi 0.43 0.38 0.38
Bermuda
Malaysia
Sao Tome and Principe
Maldives
Senegal
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Seychelles
Comoros 0.76 0.73
Singapore
Marshall Islands
Belize
China
Solomon Islands
Mauritius 0.84 0.80 0.85
South Africa
Central African Republic 0.19 0.19
Barbados 2.31 2.68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Kitts and Nevis
Moldova 1.25 1.23 1.29 1.32
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Sudan 1.12 1.23
Bangladesh 0.49 0.49
Swaziland 0.98 0.87 0.90
Montenegro
Bahrain 1.68 1.74
Cayman Islands
Tajikistan 0.43 0.45
Mozambique 0.28
Thailand 1.17 1.21
Argentina 1.63 1.55
Azerbaijan 0.98 0.97
Antigua and Barbuda
Trinidad and Tobago 1.38 1.49
Georgia 1.13 1.05 1.07 0.95
Armenia 1.26
Vanuatu
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Uganda 0.50 0.53 0.51
Cameroon
United Arab Emirates
Nepal 0.37
Andorra
Cambodia 0.18 0.18 0.32
Uzbekistan 0.81 0.83
New Caledonia
Venezuela, RB 1.46
Cabo Verde 1.03
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Nicaragua 1.11
Yemen, Rep. 0.16 0.28
Lebanon 1.02 1.06 1.13
Zimbabwe

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