Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014
Togo 0.27 0.39 0.42
Benin 0.27 0.34 0.37
Niger 0.38 0.34
Central African Republic 0.36
Guinea 0.35 0.37 0.44 0.45
Mali 0.47 0.43
Mauritania 0.42 0.43 0.44
Burundi 0.43 0.46 0.42
Ethiopia 0.44 0.46 0.43
Burkina Faso 0.50 0.50 0.49
Tanzania 0.52 0.51
Tajikistan 0.52 0.52 0.56 0.61
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.45 0.55 0.46
Liechtenstein 0.53 0.55
Ghana 0.59 0.61 0.63 0.67
Congo, Rep. 0.58 0.63 0.75
Liberia 0.63
Mozambique 0.62 0.65 0.69 0.71
Bhutan 0.68 0.69 0.74
Bangladesh 0.69 0.72
Zimbabwe 0.75 0.76 0.84
Rwanda 0.75 0.81 0.79
Lao PDR 0.73 0.82 0.88 0.93
Turkey 0.84 0.85 0.86
Sao Tome and Principe 0.86 0.87
Comoros 0.79 0.86 0.87
Japan 0.90 0.90 0.91
Madagascar 0.93 0.92 0.94
Marshall Islands 0.92
Morocco 0.92 0.92 0.95 0.96
Pakistan 0.92 0.95 0.98 1.06
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.91 0.97 0.89
Syrian Arab Republic 0.99 0.99 1.01
Switzerland 0.99 1.00 1.01
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.00 1.01 0.96 0.93
Greece 1.02 1.01 1.00
Mexico 1.03 1.02 1.01
Saudi Arabia 1.10 1.02 0.95 0.96
Indonesia 0.85 1.04 1.11
Azerbaijan 1.02 1.05 1.11 1.14
Ireland 1.09 1.06 1.06
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.05 1.07 1.13 1.15
Lebanon 1.00 1.08 1.09 1.16
El Salvador 1.09 1.08 1.09
Netherlands 1.12 1.10
China 1.10 1.12 1.14
Sudan 1.05 1.13 1.12
Colombia 1.10 1.13 1.15 1.15
Chile 1.11 1.13 1.13
Luxembourg 1.14
Ukraine 1.18 1.15 1.19 1.16
Jordan 1.18 1.18
Cyprus 1.03 1.18 1.29 1.42
Portugal 1.19 1.18 1.15
Austria 1.18 1.20 1.21 1.20
Macedonia, FYR 1.20 1.26
Finland 1.23 1.21 1.21
Spain 1.23 1.21 1.20
Philippines 1.24 1.23 1.26 1.28
Myanmar 1.34 1.23
Macao SAR, China 0.99 1.24 1.28 1.31
Costa Rica 1.25 1.25 1.22 1.24
France 1.26 1.25 1.23
Russian Federation 1.34 1.27 1.24
Kazakhstan 1.27 1.27 1.26
Bulgaria 1.30 1.27 1.27 1.25
Belgium 1.27 1.29 1.30
Georgia 1.21 1.29 1.29 1.26
Hungary 1.32 1.30 1.28
Thailand 1.27 1.30 1.34
Ecuador 1.31
Moldova 1.35 1.32 1.29
Israel 1.32 1.32 1.35
Serbia 1.32 1.32 1.33 1.31
United Kingdom 1.33 1.33 1.31
Botswana 1.33 1.25 1.37
Mauritius 1.30 1.33 1.22 1.23
Cabo Verde 1.33 1.34 1.39 1.40
Honduras 1.36 1.36 1.35
Croatia 1.40 1.36
San Marino 1.49 1.38
Albania 1.41 1.40 1.39 1.41
Belarus 1.43 1.40 1.35 1.33
Malta 1.59 1.40 1.25 1.15
Australia 1.39 1.41 1.40
United States 1.40 1.41 1.38
Denmark 1.43 1.41 1.38
West Bank and Gaza 1.38 1.41 1.50 1.55
Czech Republic 1.42 1.42 1.42
Italy 1.43 1.42 1.40
Puerto Rico 1.45 1.43 1.43
Mongolia 1.49 1.44 1.42 1.44
New Zealand 1.44 1.45 1.43
South Africa 1.46 1.47
Lithuania 1.47 1.46 1.47
Algeria 1.45 1.48 1.50 1.53
Armenia 1.54 1.48 1.32 1.23
Slovenia 1.69 1.48 1.45
Aruba 1.50 1.50
Lesotho 1.51 1.46 1.45
Slovak Republic 1.54 1.54 1.54
Latvia 1.64 1.54 1.51
Estonia 1.58 1.54 1.50
Panama 1.55 1.55 1.49
Poland 1.55 1.55 1.55
Cuba 1.66 1.55 1.68 1.59
Sweden 1.51 1.55 1.56
Tunisia 1.61 1.56 1.59 1.64
Argentina 1.56 1.57 1.61
Norway 1.58 1.58 1.50
Sri Lanka 1.70 1.60 1.55 1.49
Dominican Republic 1.60 1.62
Belize 1.66 1.65 1.64
Iceland 1.70 1.72
Brunei Darussalam 1.75 1.74 1.82 1.69
Bermuda 2.12 2.03 2.26 2.07
Guyana 2.36 2.03
Jamaica 2.33 2.05 2.28
Antigua and Barbuda 1.92 2.07
Bahrain 1.70 2.14 2.51 2.33
St. Lucia 1.74 2.18 2.00 2.09
United Arab Emirates 2.54 2.46 2.29 2.26
Seychelles 3.15 3.30 2.18 2.49
Qatar 5.54 6.15 6.01 6.32
Andorra
Somalia
Guam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Monaco
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Grenada
Turkmenistan 0.64
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Barbados 2.25
Malawi 0.64
Guatemala 1.06
Haiti 0.81
Greenland
Tonga
Namibia
Dominica
Nepal 0.63 0.82
Sierra Leone
Cayman Islands
Iraq
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Kuwait 1.62
Bolivia
Nicaragua
Suriname
Bahamas, The
Kyrgyz Republic 1.24 1.29
Nigeria
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya
Canada
Tuvalu
Oman 1.37
Djibouti 0.68
Chad 0.24 0.20
Maldives
Palau 1.55
Singapore
Korea, Rep. 0.75 0.75 0.75
Cambodia 0.62
Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Paraguay
Malaysia
Peru
Eritrea 0.50
Germany 0.92
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.02
Zambia
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Swaziland 1.04 1.05
Uruguay
Cameroon 0.73
Vanuatu
Angola 0.37 0.80
Vietnam 1.01 0.90 1.05
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guinea-Bissau
American Samoa
Afghanistan 0.34
Trinidad and Tobago
Faroe Islands
India 0.78 0.94
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kiribati
Uganda 0.78
Senegal
Brazil
Kenya
Curacao 2.33
Romania 1.35 1.24
Uzbekistan 0.64
French Polynesia
Venezuela, RB
Fiji
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Samoa
Yemen, Rep. 0.44
Gambia, The
Cote d'Ivoire 0.62 0.58

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