Country name 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Chad 0.15 0.17 0.17
Central African Republic 0.28 0.35 0.43 0.32
Guinea 0.27 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.33
Benin 0.32 0.34 0.37 0.39 0.35
Niger 0.29 0.33 0.35 0.35 0.37
Eritrea 0.33 0.38
Mauritania 0.36 0.41 0.40 0.41
Mali 0.47 0.43 0.42
Ethiopia 0.31 0.44 0.43
Yemen, Rep. 0.38 0.41 0.43 0.44
Burkina Faso 0.46 0.46 0.49 0.48 0.48
Burundi 0.43 0.51
Cote d'Ivoire 0.50 0.53 0.52
Tajikistan 0.49 0.50 0.51 0.53 0.53
Liberia 0.53
Senegal 0.46 0.53 0.54 0.58 0.59
Cambodia 0.46 0.49 0.51 0.56 0.59
Malawi 0.50 0.50 0.61
Nepal 0.51 0.60 0.59 0.61
Bhutan 0.61 0.57 0.58 0.61 0.61
Liechtenstein 0.43 0.47 0.52 0.49 0.62
Mozambique 0.62 0.62 0.65
Uzbekistan 0.69 0.70 0.67 0.69 0.68
Djibouti 0.68 0.69 0.68 0.70 0.69
Timor-Leste 0.68 0.72
India 0.72 0.70 0.70 0.73
Korea, Rep. 0.67 0.68 0.70 0.72 0.74
Comoros 0.71 0.74
Lao PDR 0.67 0.72 0.77 0.79 0.77
Rwanda 0.77 0.78
Tanzania 0.78
Uganda 0.77 0.80 0.80 0.79
Zimbabwe 0.79
Cameroon 0.72 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.81
Turkey 0.75 0.75 0.77 0.79 0.81
Syrian Arab Republic 0.92 0.87 0.90 0.92 0.86
Indonesia 0.91 0.98 0.91 0.94 0.87
Japan 0.88 0.88 0.89 0.89 0.89
Cyprus 1.05 0.99 0.96 0.87 0.90
Morocco 0.88 0.90 0.89 0.88 0.90
Madagascar 0.87 0.89 0.89 0.90 0.91
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.88 0.76 0.93 0.90 0.92
Sao Tome and Principe 0.92 0.97
Macao SAR, China 0.73 0.86 0.92 0.93 0.97
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.95 0.99
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.08 1.11 1.13 1.05 0.99
Azerbaijan 1.05 1.02 0.98 0.99 0.99
Switzerland 0.90 0.92 0.99 1.01 0.99
Vietnam 0.96 1.00 0.98 0.99 1.00
Mexico 1.03 1.03 1.04 1.04 1.03
Lebanon 1.04 1.07 1.09 1.05 1.04
Greece 1.11 1.08 1.04
China 0.95 0.99 1.03 1.05 1.07
Chile 0.99 1.00 1.03 1.06 1.08
Colombia 1.09 1.09 0.99 1.05 1.10
Peru 1.07 1.10
El Salvador 1.12 1.12 1.12 1.11 1.10
Luxembourg 1.13 0.96 1.11
Ireland 1.27 1.27 1.21 1.19 1.12
Netherlands 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.12
Honduras 1.51 1.14
Jordan 1.15 1.13 1.12 1.12 1.15
Macedonia, FYR 1.38 1.26 1.20 1.18 1.17
Austria 1.21 1.20 1.18 1.18 1.17
Saudi Arabia 1.36 1.25 1.29 1.30 1.18
Sudan 1.19 1.19 1.10 1.14 1.18
Portugal 1.28 1.22 1.19 1.18 1.18
Mauritius 1.01 1.17 1.24 1.19 1.21
Finland 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.23 1.22
Spain 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.25 1.24
Philippines 1.25 1.25 1.24 1.25
Montenegro 1.56 1.40 1.26 1.30 1.26
Ukraine 1.24 1.25 1.25 1.27 1.26
Georgia 1.12 1.11 1.20 1.24 1.26
France 1.27 1.27 1.27 1.28 1.26
Belgium 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.25 1.27
Cabo Verde 1.13 1.26 1.30 1.34 1.27
Thailand 1.08 1.23 1.20 1.21 1.28
Serbia 1.29 1.29 1.30 1.29 1.30
Kyrgyz Republic 1.27 1.29 1.36 1.34 1.30
Bulgaria 1.22 1.24 1.32 1.33 1.32
West Bank and Gaza 1.15 1.20 1.21 1.30 1.34
Moldova 1.38 1.39 1.45 1.39 1.34
Croatia 1.23 1.22 1.25 1.27 1.34
United Kingdom 1.41 1.40 1.40 1.38 1.35
Hungary 1.46 1.46 1.43 1.37 1.35
Oman 1.04 1.20 1.32 1.36
Romania 1.31 1.35 1.37 1.36 1.37
Australia 1.28 1.30 1.32 1.36 1.38
Czech Republic 1.22 1.27 1.31 1.37 1.40
Albania 1.33 1.37 1.33 1.40 1.40
United States 1.43 1.43 1.42 1.41 1.41
Aruba 1.46 1.36 1.37 1.43 1.41
Paraguay 1.35 1.36 1.44 1.42
Italy 1.39 1.41 1.42 1.43 1.43
Algeria 1.26 1.39 1.43 1.44
Belarus 1.38 1.42 1.47 1.47 1.45
Denmark 1.38 1.40 1.43 1.46 1.45
San Marino 1.46
New Zealand 1.48 1.47 1.47 1.45 1.46
Puerto Rico 1.60 1.56 1.56 1.48
Lithuania 1.56 1.56 1.54 1.49 1.50
Slovenia 1.46 1.47 1.48 1.49 1.50
Poland 1.41 1.40 1.41 1.43 1.51
Argentina 1.52 1.52 1.52 1.51 1.51
Panama 1.62 1.59 1.53 1.52 1.53
Tunisia 1.40 1.45 1.46 1.49 1.53
Sweden 1.54 1.57 1.59 1.58 1.53
Mongolia 1.59 1.56 1.58 1.55 1.54
Slovak Republic 1.42 1.49 1.58 1.59 1.55
Armenia 1.49 1.51 1.55 1.55 1.57
Belize 1.67 1.63 1.61 1.66 1.60
Norway 1.54 1.57 1.61 1.63 1.61
Cuba 1.61 1.82 1.67 1.67 1.66
Estonia 1.69 1.66 1.71 1.73 1.66
Malta 1.54 1.64 1.75 1.70 1.67
Uruguay 1.68 1.75 1.74 1.74 1.73
Latvia 1.80 1.85 1.89 1.83 1.76
Sri Lanka 1.79
Iceland 1.87 1.87 1.89 1.87 1.80
Brunei Darussalam 1.94 1.87 2.01 1.79 1.87
Bermuda 2.23 2.50 2.09 2.57 2.11
Barbados 2.15 2.21 2.18
Jamaica 2.31 2.34 2.31
Antigua and Barbuda 2.15 2.50
Guyana 2.11 2.13 1.46 2.15 2.54
St. Lucia 5.31 2.33 2.24 2.57 2.58
United Arab Emirates 3.27 3.18 3.10 2.98
Qatar 3.68 4.43 4.90 5.53 5.46
Trinidad and Tobago
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.09
Monaco
Maldives 1.58 1.12
Grenada 1.36
Dominica
Namibia 0.85 1.28
Lesotho 1.27
Kuwait
South Africa
Guam
Dominican Republic
New Caledonia
Gabon
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.90
Nicaragua
Faroe Islands
Congo, Rep. 0.21
Solomon Islands
Nigeria
Ecuador 1.15
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Swaziland 0.99
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 0.50
Isle of Man
Guatemala 1.02
Togo
Palau
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.35 0.36 0.31
Fiji
Angola
Papua New Guinea
Iraq
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bolivia 0.84
Gambia, The
Marshall Islands
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Germany
Malaysia
Kiribati
Botswana 0.82
Andorra
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Venezuela, RB 1.69
Suriname
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Bangladesh 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.60
Israel 1.27 1.31 1.29 1.30
Samoa
French Polynesia
Kazakhstan 1.37
Canada
Bahrain 3.39
Tonga
Curacao
Libya
Bahamas, The
Turkmenistan
Haiti
Tuvalu
Seychelles
Ghana 0.51 0.52 0.43 0.59
Sierra Leone
Guinea-Bissau
Singapore
Afghanistan 0.24
Kenya 0.70
Vanuatu
Russian Federation 1.37 1.36 1.36 1.35
American Samoa
Equatorial Guinea
Costa Rica
Pakistan 0.85 0.85 0.84 0.84
Zambia
Myanmar 1.37

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