Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
San Marino 8 9 8 7 7
Denmark 12 12 11 12 11
Austria 12 10 10 11 11
Israel 12 13 13 14 14
Qatar 13 13 14 12 12
United States 14 14
Italy 14 14 13 13 13
Cuba 15 14 13 13 12
Brunei Darussalam 16 17 14 14
Belgium 17 17
Canada 17 17 17 16 16
Portugal 17 17 16
Bermuda 17
United Kingdom 18 20 20 20
Kuwait 18 18 18 18 18
Latvia 19 18 20 19 18
Bahrain 19 20 20 21 22
Netherlands 19 17 17 17 17
Thailand 19 20 20 20
New Caledonia 20 19 20 20 20
Argentina 20 20 19 19
French Polynesia 20 14 14
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21 22 28 29 30
Bahamas, The 21 19
Barbados 21 18
American Samoa 21 17 17 16 18
France 22 21 21 21 21
Cyprus 22 23 23 22 22
Mauritius 22 23 22 22 22
Trinidad and Tobago 22 22 23 24 25
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 22 29 29 23
Grenada 23 22 23
Tonga 23 22 22
Malta 23 24 24 23 22
Greece 23 23 23 22 21
Iraq 24 24 24 25 23
Malaysia 24 22 21 21
United Arab Emirates 24 25 24 25 18
Japan 24 24 23 23 22
Guinea-Bissau 25 25 25
Paraguay 25 25 25 25 25
Uruguay 25 22 23 22
China 25 25 24 24 23
Gambia, The 25 24 29 28
Suriname 25 23 23 23 23
Panama 25 22 23 23 23
Solomon Islands 26 21
Venezuela, RB 26 26 26
Indonesia 26 25 24 24 24
Singapore 27 26 26 26 26
Syrian Arab Republic 27 26 25 26 27
Ireland 27 27 27 27 28
Hong Kong SAR, China 27 28 27 27 27
Lao PDR 27 25 27
Morocco 27 28 27 26 25
Ghana 28 23 24 24 26
Oman 29 27 26 26 27
Kiribati 29 29 29 30 28
Czech Republic 29 29 29 29 26
Algeria 30 28 27 27 28
Angola 30 31 33 33 33
St. Lucia 30 30 30 31 31
Colombia 30 29 30 30 30
Philippines 31 31 31 32 33
Sao Tome and Principe 31 30 29
Turkey 31 31 31 31 31
Comoros 31 35 35 36 38
Costa Rica 31 32 31 32 32
Jordan 32 31 29 30 28
Botswana 32 32 32 32 32
Ecuador 32 32 32 31 29
Nicaragua 33 32 32 34 32
Benin 33 33 33 33 35
Swaziland 34 33 33 33 32
Tunisia 34 32 32 31 30
Sierra Leone 34 39 31 30
Tanzania 34 33 33 33 33
Sudan 34 35 35
Uganda 34 30 32 32 29
Jamaica 35 35 36 34 33
Mexico 35 34 33 32 31
Peru 35 33 32 31 29
Mali 35 34 35 38 43
Vietnam 35 34 35 35 34
Nepal 35 35 35 37 40
Niger 36 37 38 40
Guyana 36
Guinea 36 36 36 40 39
Cote d'Ivoire 36 36 36 36 37
Guatemala 37 36 35
Cambodia 38 38 35 34 36
Pakistan 38 39 40 41 41
Madagascar 38 40 40
Zimbabwe 40 39 39 38 38
Korea, Rep. 40 38 38 37 36
Nigeria 40 42 44 41 37
Haiti 40 38 36
Dominican Republic 43
Djibouti 44 44 44 44
Togo 44 46 50 52 55
Senegal 46 46 51 54 51
Mauritania 46 51 50 50 49
Gabon 47 46 47 46 48
Bangladesh 47 48 48 58 60
Rwanda 47 48 49 50 50
Zambia 49 46 46 44
Ethiopia 50 48 48 49 43
Cameroon 51 51 50 51 51
Myanmar 53 54 58 52 54
Burundi 54 56 62 71 69
Lesotho 55 55 56 56 56
Burkina Faso 56 58 68 65 57
Congo, Rep. 61 61 64 66 63
Mozambique 62 61 62 56 58
Chad 64 71 68
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18
Serbia
Malawi
Liberia
Lithuania 25 20
Somalia
Maldives
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32 31 30 20
Afghanistan 36
Chile
Cabo Verde 39 34 33 33
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Sri Lanka
Kyrgyz Republic 19
Sweden
Ukraine
Macedonia, FYR
Antigua and Barbuda
Libya
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Saudi Arabia
Moldova 26 25
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Slovenia
Mongolia 30 31 31 30
South Sudan
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Eritrea 41
Bosnia and Herzegovina
El Salvador
Turkmenistan
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Namibia
Tuvalu
Kenya
Croatia
Belize
Vanuatu 26
Kazakhstan 26 23
Luxembourg 13 12 13
New Zealand 20 19 19
Bolivia
Armenia
Seychelles
Isle of Man
Finland
Bhutan 37 37 37
Slovak Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Fiji
Norway
South Africa
India
Spain 25 26 25
Iceland
Bulgaria
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
Hungary
Estonia
Papua New Guinea 30 31 32 32
Equatorial Guinea
Honduras 39
Switzerland
Guam 20 20 20 20
Tajikistan
Greenland
Belarus
Poland
Dominica
Azerbaijan
Brazil
Puerto Rico
Central African Republic 66 60 63 70
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
Romania 27 27 27 25
Curacao
Russian Federation 27 23
Australia 17 17 17 17
Germany
Albania
Samoa 18
Uzbekistan 24 24
West Bank and Gaza
Congo, Dem. Rep. 37
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 14
Georgia 17
Yemen, Rep.
Macao SAR, China
Lebanon

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