Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
San Marino 8 9 8 7 7
Austria 12 10 10 11 11
Denmark 12 12 11 12 11
Luxembourg 13 12 13
Israel 12 13 13 14 14
Italy 14 14 13 13 13
Cuba 15 14 13 13 12
Qatar 13 13 14 12 12
Portugal 17 17 16
Australia 17 17 17 17
Canada 17 17 17 16 16
American Samoa 21 17 17 16 18
Netherlands 19 17 17 17 17
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18
Kuwait 18 18 18 18 18
Argentina 20 20 19 19
New Caledonia 20 19 20 20 20
New Zealand 20 19 19
Guam 20 20 20 20
Latvia 19 18 20 19 18
Thailand 19 20 20 20
Bahrain 19 20 20 21 22
United Kingdom 18 20 20 20
France 22 21 21 21 21
Tonga 23 22 22
Grenada 23 22 23
Mauritius 22 23 22 22 22
Malaysia 24 22 21 21
Panama 25 22 23 23 23
Cyprus 22 23 23 22 22
Greece 23 23 23 22 21
Trinidad and Tobago 22 22 23 24 25
Suriname 25 23 23 23 23
Japan 24 24 23 23 22
Iraq 24 24 24 25 23
Ghana 28 23 24 24 26
Malta 23 24 24 23 22
China 25 25 24 24 23
United Arab Emirates 24 25 24 25 18
Indonesia 26 25 24 24 24
Guinea-Bissau 25 25 25
Paraguay 25 25 25 25 25
Syrian Arab Republic 27 26 25 26 27
Spain 25 26 25
Oman 29 27 26 26 27
Singapore 27 26 26 26 26
Venezuela, RB 26 26 26
Ireland 27 27 27 27 28
Morocco 27 28 27 26 25
Romania 27 27 27 25
Algeria 30 28 27 27 28
Hong Kong SAR, China 27 28 27 27 27
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21 22 28 29 30
Gambia, The 25 24 29 28
Kiribati 29 29 29 30 28
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 22 29 29 23
Jordan 32 31 29 30 28
Czech Republic 29 29 29 29 26
Sao Tome and Principe 31 30 29
St. Lucia 30 30 30 31 31
Colombia 30 29 30 30 30
Mongolia 30 31 31 30
Turkey 31 31 31 31 31
Papua New Guinea 30 31 32 32
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32 31 30 20
Philippines 31 31 31 32 33
Costa Rica 31 32 31 32 32
Uganda 34 30 32 32 29
Peru 35 33 32 31 29
Tunisia 34 32 32 31 30
Nicaragua 33 32 32 34 32
Ecuador 32 32 32 31 29
Botswana 32 32 32 32 32
Mexico 35 34 33 32 31
Tanzania 34 33 33 33 33
Swaziland 34 33 33 33 32
Benin 33 33 33 33 35
Angola 30 31 33 33 33
Cabo Verde 39 34 33 33
Comoros 31 35 35 36 38
Guatemala 37 36 35
Mali 35 34 35 38 43
Vietnam 35 34 35 35 34
Sudan 34 35 35
Cambodia 38 38 35 34 36
Nepal 35 35 35 37 40
Cote d'Ivoire 36 36 36 36 37
Guinea 36 36 36 40 39
Haiti 40 38 36
Jamaica 35 35 36 34 33
Congo, Dem. Rep. 37
Bhutan 37 37 37
Korea, Rep. 40 38 38 37 36
Niger 36 37 38 40
Zimbabwe 40 39 39 38 38
Pakistan 38 39 40 41 41
Djibouti 44 44 44 44
Nigeria 40 42 44 41 37
Zambia 49 46 46 44
Gabon 47 46 47 46 48
Bangladesh 47 48 48 58 60
Ethiopia 50 48 48 49 43
Rwanda 47 48 49 50 50
Mauritania 46 51 50 50 49
Cameroon 51 51 50 51 51
Togo 44 46 50 52 55
Senegal 46 46 51 54 51
Lesotho 55 55 56 56 56
Myanmar 53 54 58 52 54
Central African Republic 66 60 63 70
Mozambique 62 61 62 56 58
Burundi 54 56 62 71 69
Congo, Rep. 61 61 64 66 63
Burkina Faso 56 58 68 65 57
Macedonia, FYR
Solomon Islands 26 21
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Samoa 18
Malawi
St. Martin (French part)
Lao PDR 27 25 27
Guyana 36
Maldives
Chile
Finland
Chad 64 71 68
Ukraine
Azerbaijan
Estonia
Marshall Islands
Uruguay 25 22 23 22
Kyrgyz Republic 19
Macao SAR, China
Eritrea 41
Libya
Equatorial Guinea
Slovak Republic
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Africa
Moldova 26 25
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Fiji
El Salvador
Afghanistan 36
Montenegro
Kazakhstan 26 23
Dominican Republic 43
Honduras 39
Kenya
Vanuatu 26
Lithuania 25 20
West Bank and Gaza
Russian Federation 27 23
Andorra
India
Liberia
Bahamas, The 21 19
Seychelles
Greenland
Namibia
Saudi Arabia
French Polynesia 20 14 14
Serbia
Aruba
Sierra Leone 34 39 31 30
Armenia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Antigua and Barbuda
Slovenia
Dominica
Somalia
Iceland
South Sudan
Kosovo
Sri Lanka
Switzerland
Cayman Islands
Tajikistan
Albania
Faeroe Islands
Belize
Northern Mariana Islands
Sweden
Norway
Hungary
Isle of Man
Barbados 21 18
Brunei Darussalam 16 17 14 14
Timor-Leste
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Bulgaria
Palau
Brazil
Belarus
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Belgium 17 17
Bolivia
Croatia
United States 14 14
Georgia 17
Uzbekistan 24 24
Poland
Bermuda 17
Germany
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 14
Puerto Rico
Yemen, Rep.
Madagascar 38 40 40
Lebanon

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