Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
San Marino 8 9 8 7 7
Austria 12 10 10 11 11
Denmark 12 12 11 12 11
Luxembourg 13 12 13
Israel 12 13 13 14 14
Italy 14 14 13 13 13
Cuba 15 14 13 13 12
Qatar 13 13 14 12 12
Portugal 17 17 16
Australia 17 17 17 17
Canada 17 17 17 16 16
American Samoa 21 17 17 16 18
Netherlands 19 17 17 17 17
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18
Kuwait 18 18 18 18 18
Argentina 20 20 19 19
New Caledonia 20 19 20 20 20
New Zealand 20 19 19
Guam 20 20 20 20
Latvia 19 18 20 19 18
Thailand 19 20 20 20
Bahrain 19 20 20 21 22
United Kingdom 18 20 20 20
France 22 21 21 21 21
Tonga 23 22 22
Grenada 23 22 23
Mauritius 22 23 22 22 22
Malaysia 24 22 21 21
Panama 25 22 23 23 23
Cyprus 22 23 23 22 22
Greece 23 23 23 22 21
Trinidad and Tobago 22 22 23 24 25
Suriname 25 23 23 23 23
Japan 24 24 23 23 22
Iraq 24 24 24 25 23
Ghana 28 23 24 24 26
Malta 23 24 24 23 22
China 25 25 24 24 23
United Arab Emirates 24 25 24 25 18
Indonesia 26 25 24 24 24
Guinea-Bissau 25 25 25
Paraguay 25 25 25 25 25
Syrian Arab Republic 27 26 25 26 27
Spain 25 26 25
Oman 29 27 26 26 27
Singapore 27 26 26 26 26
Venezuela, RB 26 26 26
Ireland 27 27 27 27 28
Morocco 27 28 27 26 25
Romania 27 27 27 25
Algeria 30 28 27 27 28
Hong Kong SAR, China 27 28 27 27 27
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21 22 28 29 30
Gambia, The 25 24 29 28
Kiribati 29 29 29 30 28
St. Kitts and Nevis 23 22 29 29 23
Jordan 32 31 29 30 28
Czech Republic 29 29 29 29 26
Sao Tome and Principe 31 30 29
St. Lucia 30 30 30 31 31
Colombia 30 29 30 30 30
Mongolia 30 31 31 30
Turkey 31 31 31 31 31
Papua New Guinea 30 31 32 32
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32 31 30 20
Philippines 31 31 31 32 33
Costa Rica 31 32 31 32 32
Uganda 34 30 32 32 29
Peru 35 33 32 31 29
Tunisia 34 32 32 31 30
Nicaragua 33 32 32 34 32
Ecuador 32 32 32 31 29
Botswana 32 32 32 32 32
Mexico 35 34 33 32 31
Tanzania 34 33 33 33 33
Swaziland 34 33 33 33 32
Benin 33 33 33 33 35
Angola 30 31 33 33 33
Cabo Verde 39 34 33 33
Comoros 31 35 35 36 38
Guatemala 37 36 35
Mali 35 34 35 38 43
Vietnam 35 34 35 35 34
Cambodia 38 38 35 34 36
Nepal 35 35 35 37 40
Cote d'Ivoire 36 36 36 36 37
Guinea 36 36 36 40 39
Haiti 40 38 36
Jamaica 35 35 36 34 33
Congo, Dem. Rep. 37
Bhutan 37 37 37
Korea, Rep. 40 38 38 37 36
Niger 36 37 38 40
Zimbabwe 40 39 39 38 38
Pakistan 38 39 40 41 41
Djibouti 44 44 44 44
Nigeria 40 42 44 41 37
Zambia 49 46 46 44
Gabon 47 46 47 46 48
Bangladesh 47 48 48 58 60
Ethiopia 50 48 48 49 43
Rwanda 47 48 49 50 50
Mauritania 46 51 50 50 49
Cameroon 51 51 50 51 51
Togo 44 46 50 52 55
Senegal 46 46 51 54 51
Lesotho 55 55 56 56 56
Myanmar 53 54 58 52 54
Central African Republic 66 60 63 70
Mozambique 62 61 62 56 58
Burundi 54 56 62 71 69
Congo, Rep. 61 61 64 66 63
Burkina Faso 56 58 68 65 57
Macedonia, FYR
Macao SAR, China
Madagascar 38 40 40
Tuvalu
Malawi
Somalia
Lebanon
Timor-Leste
Maldives
Vanuatu 26
Lao PDR 27 25 27
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Brunei Darussalam 16 17 14 14
Sri Lanka
Kyrgyz Republic 19
Marshall Islands
Taiwan, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Belarus
Kenya
Aruba
Kazakhstan 26 23
West Bank and Gaza
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sierra Leone 34 39 31 30
Moldova 26 25
Slovenia
Monaco
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Libya
Montenegro
Sudan
India
Switzerland
Afghanistan 36
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lithuania 25 20
Belize
Namibia
Turkmenistan
Iceland
Ukraine
Hungary
Uruguay 25 22 23 22
Honduras 39
Antigua and Barbuda
Guyana 36
Andorra
Greenland
Seychelles
Germany
Chad 64 71 68
Georgia 17
Slovak Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Solomon Islands 26 21
Norway
South Africa
French Polynesia 20 14 14
Liechtenstein
Finland
Cayman Islands
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
Fiji
Faeroe Islands
Bulgaria
Estonia
Sweden
Eritrea 41
Brazil
Equatorial Guinea
Tajikistan
Poland
Bolivia
El Salvador
Bermuda 17
Puerto Rico
Belgium 17 17
Dominican Republic 43
Barbados 21 18
Dominica
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation 27 23
Bahamas, The 21 19
Curacao
Azerbaijan
Samoa 18
United States 14 14
Croatia
Uzbekistan 24 24
Liberia
Armenia
Saudi Arabia
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 14
Chile
Yemen, Rep.
Serbia
Albania

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