Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
San Marino 6 6 6 5 5
Austria 11 11 11 11 12
Qatar 12 11 11 10 9
Italy 12 12 12 12 10
Cuba 12 13 12 12 13
Luxembourg 13
Israel 14 13 13 12 12
Portugal 15 14 14 13 12
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 14 14
French Polynesia 14 14 17 17 15
Latvia 15 15 15 14 14
Brunei Darussalam 15 16 16 15
Canada 16 15 15 16 16
Australia 17 17 17
New Zealand 18 17 16 17
Netherlands 17 17 16 16 18
Georgia 17 17 17 17
American Samoa 19 17 15
Armenia 18 21
Kuwait 18 18 16 16 16
Lithuania 19 18 17 17 17
United Arab Emirates 18 18 18 17 17
Greece 20 19 18 18 17
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20 20
Kazakhstan 21 20 19 19 19
United Kingdom 20 20 20
Azerbaijan 20 20 20 19
St. Kitts and Nevis 22 20 21 19
Malaysia 20 20 20 20 20
New Caledonia 20 20
Cyprus 21 21 19 19 19
Solomon Islands 19 21 21 24 24
Japan 21 21 20 20 19
Mauritius 21 21 21 21 22
Tajikistan 21 22 21 22
Kyrgyz Republic 21
Bahrain 21 22 22 21 21
Uruguay 22 22 21 20 21
China 22 22 22 22 22
Romania 22 21 21 21
Spain 23 22 21 20 19
Thailand 20 22 20 20 21
Russian Federation 23 22 21 20 20
Suriname 22 22 25 21
Ukraine 23 20 20
Malta 23 23 24 23 22
Uzbekistan 24 23 21 20 20
Czech Republic 24 23 22 19 20
Moldova 24 23 23 23 23
Indonesia 23 23 23 23 23
Tonga 24 23 21 22 24
Paraguay 25 25 23 24 24
Iraq 25 24 22
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25 25 24 24 27
Syrian Arab Republic 26 25 25 24 24
Trinidad and Tobago 26 26 26 27
Singapore 26 26 26 24 24
Jordan 26
South Africa 27 37
Ireland 27 27 26 25 24
Hong Kong SAR, China 27 27 27 25
Morocco 25 27 27 28 28
Lao PDR 28 27 28 29 30
Oman 28 28 27 27 27
Algeria 28 28 28 27 27
Tunisia 30 28 26 26 26
Mongolia 30 28 25 22 23
Bhutan 29 31
Peru 29 29 28 27 28
Vanuatu 29 31
Ghana 27 29 28 30 31
Kiribati 29 29 29 30 31
Dominica 29 29
St. Lucia 29 29 28 27 27
Guyana 30 27 27 28
Colombia 30 30 28 28 26
Ecuador 30 30 32 31 28
Turkey 30 30 29 28 27
Botswana 32 30 29 27 26
Mexico 31 31 30 30 29
Gambia, The 31 31 32 30 33
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31 31 32 32
Papua New Guinea 32 31 31 33 33
Angola 32 27
Costa Rica 32 32 32 32 31
Swaziland 33 32 33 33 33
Cambodia 35 33 43
Philippines 33 33 33 34 33
Uganda 29 33 28 29 33
Sierra Leone 35 34
Guatemala 34 36 32 28
Vietnam 34 35 35 36 35
Korea, Rep. 36 36 34 33 31
Tanzania 35 36 36 37 37
Ethiopia 41 36 30 27 30
Nicaragua 33 36 37 37 37
Benin 31 36 40 45 48
Cote d'Ivoire 36 36 37 36 39
Comoros 36 37 40 42 45
Cabo Verde 33 37 29
Eritrea 38 38 41 37 39
Honduras 35 38 36 37 35
Nepal 39 39 39 39 39
Nigeria 41 39 39 37 37
Zimbabwe 36 39 38 40
Guinea 38 40 49 49 49
Madagascar 40 40 38 38 40
Niger 41 42 42 39
Djibouti 44 43 43 43 42
Mauritania 44 45 47 51 53
Myanmar 45 48 51 50 49
Mali 45 48 54 57 67
Rwanda 50 51 54
Cameroon 51 51 48
Senegal 58 53 59 58 58
Lesotho 55 54 51 49 49
Mozambique 55 55 53 55 58
Burkina Faso 55 57 58 60 58
Togo 56 58 64 53
Congo, Rep. 64 65 63 69 73
Chad 67 66 62 61
Burundi 66 67 66 63
Central African Republic 90 77
Bangladesh 63
Sri Lanka 29 29 28
Antigua and Barbuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sweden 10 10
Isle of Man
Serbia
Monaco
Somalia
India
Curacao
Montenegro
Jamaica 34
Iceland
Saudi Arabia
Maldives
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Slovenia 18 16
Middle East (developing only)
South Sudan
Andorra
Denmark 11 11 10 10
Marshall Islands
Belarus 20 20 20
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kenya
Namibia 32
Macedonia, FYR
Hungary 10
Bahamas, The 21
Turks and Caicos Islands
Haiti 36 31 32
Guinea-Bissau
United States 16 16
Guam
Macao SAR, China
Libya
Yemen, Rep.
Grenada 25 27 27 26
Seychelles 18 17
Northern Mariana Islands
Estonia 18
Norway
Slovak Republic 22 22
Greenland
Equatorial Guinea 54 55
Pakistan 41
El Salvador
Palau
Dominican Republic
Panama 23
Liberia
Germany 17 16
St. Martin (French part)
Barbados 18 17
Sudan
Gabon 44
Croatia
Congo, Dem. Rep. 40 42 44
Switzerland
Argentina 18
Poland
Chile
Aruba
Timor-Leste
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
France 19 19
Belgium 12 12
Finland
Turkmenistan
Fiji 26 25
Tuvalu 21
Bulgaria
Afghanistan 41 49 58
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Belize
Venezuela, RB
Brazil
Albania
Bolivia
Sao Tome and Principe 35
Bermuda
Samoa
West Bank and Gaza
Malawi
Zambia 44 41
Lebanon

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