Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
San Marino 6 6 6 5 5
Sweden 10 10
Denmark 11 11 10 10
Qatar 12 11 11 10 9
Austria 11 11 11 11 12
Italy 12 12 12 12 10
Israel 14 13 13 12 12
Belgium 12 12
Cuba 12 13 12 12 13
Portugal 15 14 14 13 12
Latvia 15 15 15 14 14
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 14 14
Brunei Darussalam 15 16 16 15
Canada 16 15 15 16 16
United States 16 16
Netherlands 17 17 16 16 18
Kuwait 18 18 16 16 16
Australia 17 17 17
Germany 17 16
French Polynesia 14 14 17 17 15
Georgia 17 17 17 17
Lithuania 19 18 17 17 17
United Arab Emirates 18 18 18 17 17
Slovenia 18 16
Greece 20 19 18 18 17
Seychelles 18 17
France 19 19
Kazakhstan 21 20 19 19 19
Cyprus 21 21 19 19 19
Czech Republic 24 23 22 19 20
Azerbaijan 20 20 20 19
Thailand 20 22 20 20 21
Uruguay 22 22 21 20 21
Spain 23 22 21 20 19
Malaysia 20 20 20 20 20
Belarus 20 20 20
Uzbekistan 24 23 21 20 20
Russian Federation 23 22 21 20 20
Japan 21 21 20 20 19
Ukraine 23 20 20
Bahrain 21 22 22 21 21
Tajikistan 21 22 21 22
Romania 22 21 21 21
Mauritius 21 21 21 21 22
Suriname 22 22 25 21
Iraq 25 24 22
China 22 22 22 22 22
Slovak Republic 22 22
Tonga 24 23 21 22 24
Mongolia 30 28 25 22 23
Malta 23 23 24 23 22
Moldova 24 23 23 23 23
Indonesia 23 23 23 23 23
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25 25 24 24 27
Paraguay 25 25 23 24 24
Syrian Arab Republic 26 25 25 24 24
Solomon Islands 19 21 21 24 24
Singapore 26 26 26 24 24
Ireland 27 27 26 25 24
Trinidad and Tobago 26 26 26 27
Tunisia 30 28 26 26 26
Ethiopia 41 36 30 27 30
Hong Kong SAR, China 27 27 27 25
Guyana 30 27 27 28
Oman 28 28 27 27 27
Grenada 25 27 27 26
Peru 29 29 28 27 28
St. Lucia 29 29 28 27 27
Botswana 32 30 29 27 26
Algeria 28 28 28 27 27
Morocco 25 27 27 28 28
Colombia 30 30 28 28 26
Turkey 30 30 29 28 27
Sri Lanka 29 29 28
Uganda 29 33 28 29 33
Lao PDR 28 27 28 29 30
Mexico 31 31 30 30 29
Ghana 27 29 28 30 31
Kiribati 29 29 29 30 31
Gambia, The 31 31 32 30 33
Bhutan 29 31
Haiti 36 31 32
Ecuador 30 30 32 31 28
Guatemala 34 36 32 28
Iran, Islamic Rep. 31 31 32 32
Costa Rica 32 32 32 32 31
Swaziland 33 32 33 33 33
Korea, Rep. 36 36 34 33 31
Papua New Guinea 32 31 31 33 33
Philippines 33 33 33 34 33
Vietnam 34 35 35 36 35
Cote d'Ivoire 36 36 37 36 39
Tanzania 35 36 36 37 37
Nicaragua 33 36 37 37 37
Nigeria 41 39 39 37 37
Eritrea 38 38 41 37 39
Honduras 35 38 36 37 35
Madagascar 40 40 38 38 40
Niger 41 42 42 39
Nepal 39 39 39 39 39
Zimbabwe 36 39 38 40
Congo, Dem. Rep. 40 42 44
Comoros 36 37 40 42 45
Djibouti 44 43 43 43 42
Benin 31 36 40 45 48
Lesotho 55 54 51 49 49
Afghanistan 41 49 58
Guinea 38 40 49 49 49
Myanmar 45 48 51 50 49
Mauritania 44 45 47 51 53
Equatorial Guinea 54 55
Mozambique 55 55 53 55 58
Mali 45 48 54 57 67
Senegal 58 53 59 58 58
Burkina Faso 55 57 58 60 58
Burundi 66 67 66 63
Congo, Rep. 64 65 63 69 73
Luxembourg 13
Isle of Man
Sudan
Antigua and Barbuda
Maldives
Macedonia, FYR
Venezuela, RB
India
Sierra Leone 35 34
Marshall Islands
South Sudan
Angola 32 27
Iceland
Bermuda
Hungary 10
Kenya
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Macao SAR, China
Guinea-Bissau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Somalia
Liberia
Croatia
Cabo Verde 33 37 29
St. Martin (French part)
Yemen, Rep.
Middle East (developing only)
Bangladesh 63
Turks and Caicos Islands
Montenegro
Guam
Liechtenstein
Bosnia and Herzegovina
El Salvador
Aruba
Libya
Estonia 18
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe 35
Rwanda 50 51 54
Namibia 32
Albania
Serbia
Saudi Arabia
Andorra
Bahamas, The 21
Dominican Republic
New Caledonia 20 20
Dominica 29 29
New Zealand 18 17 16 17
Jamaica 34
Greenland
Curacao
Kyrgyz Republic 21
South Africa 27 37
Jordan 26
Argentina 18
Chad 67 66 62 61
St. Kitts and Nevis 22 20 21 19
Cayman Islands
Togo 56 58 64 53
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20 20
Cameroon 51 51 48
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Switzerland
Barbados 18 17
Northern Mariana Islands
Chile
Norway
Central African Republic 90 77
Gabon 44
Timor-Leste
Pakistan 41
Belize
Palau
Cambodia 35 33 43
Panama 23
Turkmenistan
Armenia 18 21
Tuvalu 21
Bulgaria
Finland
Fiji 26 25
United Kingdom 20 20 20
Faeroe Islands
Brazil
Poland
Vanuatu 29 31
American Samoa 19 17 15
Bolivia
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza
Malawi
Zambia 44 41
Lebanon

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