Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Tanzania 3 4 4 4 5
Burundi 4 4 4 5 5
Burkina Faso 4 5 5 6 7
Chad 6 6 6
Mozambique 7 7 6
Mali 7 7 7 7
Uganda 9 11 12 12
Djibouti 10 10 11 10 11
Somalia 12 11
Angola 12 13 13 11 12
Bhutan 12
Guinea-Bissau 12 6 5 5
Senegal 13 13 14 14 15
Afghanistan 13 12 14 13
Central African Republic 15 15 13 11 11
Rwanda 16 16 16 16 17
Guinea 17 15 13 12
Malawi 17 17 17 17 16
Gambia, The 18 17 16 16 16
Zambia 18 20 19 20
Togo 19 19 19 21 19
Benin 19 16 15
Cote d'Ivoire 19 18
Pakistan 19 19 20 20 21
Guatemala 19 20
Sierra Leone 19 18 19 16
Bangladesh 20 20 20 20 20
Lao PDR 21 21 24
Lesotho 22 22 24 25 25
Cameroon 22 22 24 25 25
Myanmar 23 23 24 24 25
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24 24 24 25
Oman 25 28 30 33 37
Kiribati 25 28 31 33 37
Nepal 27 29 31 32 33
Botswana 28 30 31 31 36
Nigeria 29 27 27 24
Nicaragua 30 31 34 34 33
Paraguay 31 30 30 30 30
Thailand 31 30 29 28 28
Morocco 31 33 35 37 37
China 32 34 36 37 37
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33 36 47 40
Gabon 35 38 38 39 37
Honduras 37 35
Tunisia 37 40 40 42 45
Ghana 37 38 37 39 35
Swaziland 38
St. Lucia 38 42 43
Kenya 40 39 41 40
Costa Rica 40 41 42 42 42
Zimbabwe 42 45 46 47 47
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44 48
Mauritius 44 44 46 48 51
Algeria 45 49 52 53 59
Colombia 46 51 52 52 52
Iraq 49 51 49 47 47
Malaysia 54 57 59 57 57
Mexico 55 55 55 55 54
Syrian Arab Republic 55 56 57 55 53
Egypt, Arab Rep. 55 58 61 62 61
Suriname 56 62 59 58 57
Venezuela, RB 56 57 57 57 56
Ecuador 59 59 59 60
Panama 59 59 59 58 57
Sri Lanka 61 64 68 70 71
Jamaica 62 60 61 65 64
Peru 63 64 64 65 67
Congo, Rep. 64 68 70 65 56
Brunei Darussalam 65 62
Lebanon 65
Philippines 67 64 66 66 69
United Arab Emirates 68 70 62 59 60
St. Kitts and Nevis 69 70 72 77 78
Fiji 70 71 74
Argentina 70 70 70 70
Uruguay 72 74 74 77 78
Cyprus 72 69 66 62 63
Hong Kong SAR, China 72 74 75 76
Italy 73 74 75 76 77
Guyana 74 80 82
Chile 75 77 81 80
Albania 80 82 81 81 80
Grenada 81 80 83 86 86
Jordan 81 78 77 76 76
Trinidad and Tobago 81 83 84 85 83
Cuba 82 83 85 86 88
Qatar 83 86 76 77 77
New Zealand 84 84 84 86 87
Slovenia 84 84 84 85 86
United Kingdom 84 84 83 83 83
Poland 85 85 86 87 87
Malta 85 82 80 80 81
Sweden 85 90 89 90 90
Bahamas, The 86 86 93
France 86 87 88 90 92
Hungary 87 89 89 89 89
Tonga 87 81
Greece 88 90 94 95 96
Kuwait 88 88 83 80 77
Israel 90 89 89 89 90
Korea, Rep. 91 92 94 92 92
Spain 91 98 101 104 105
Iceland 92 94 96 95 97
Bahrain 92 97 94 92 90
Barbados 93 88
Bulgaria 93 99 100 102 103
Czech Republic 94 92 94 92 93
United States 94 95 95
Austria 94 98 99 100 100
Switzerland 95 94 94 94 95
Japan 95 96 95 95 95
Norway 97 97 96 95 96
Ukraine 97 97 96
Ireland 97 98 100 100 99
Canada 99 99 99 99 99
Belarus 99 99 99 99 98
Belgium 99 101 101 102 103
Netherlands 101 115 116 115 114
Denmark 104 105 107 108 109
Latvia 104 103 102 100 98
Finland 105 106 106 108 111
Seychelles 109 112 116 120 121
Kazakhstan 103 103
Mauritania 14 15 15 14
Macao SAR, China
Madagascar 20 19
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Andorra
Moldova
Monaco
Maldives
Mongolia 88
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Turkmenistan
Luxembourg 76 76 71
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica 84 75
Croatia
Comoros 37 37
Kyrgyz Republic 109 104
Namibia 36 35 37 37
South Sudan
Lithuania 106 97
Eritrea
Macedonia, FYR
Estonia 99 86
New Caledonia
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Haiti 17
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Niger 6 6
Yemen, Rep.
Uzbekistan 107 101
Libya 79
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Belize 58 61
Serbia
Liberia
Cambodia
Singapore
Cabo Verde 15 17 18
Slovak Republic
Palau
Solomon Islands 19
Dominican Republic 51
South Africa 63
Papua New Guinea 11 11 11 11
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Brazil
Equatorial Guinea
Bosnia and Herzegovina
St. Martin (French part)
Middle East (developing only)
Sudan
Australia
Azerbaijan 97 93
Timor-Leste
Ethiopia 13 14 15 15
Indonesia 43 48 50 50
Tajikistan
Portugal 58 66 58 59
Aruba
Puerto Rico
Armenia
El Salvador 38 37
India 37 37 37 37
Romania 100
Turkey 44 46 48 50
Russian Federation 99 99 99 97
Turks and Caicos Islands
French Polynesia 64
Antigua and Barbuda
Bolivia
Samoa 82
Guam
San Marino
Georgia 111
Sao Tome and Principe 28 34
Vanuatu 15
Saudi Arabia
Vietnam
Bermuda
West Bank and Gaza
Germany
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands

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