Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Tanzania 3 4 4 4 5
Burundi 4 4 4 5 5
Burkina Faso 4 5 5 6 7
Mozambique 7 7 6
Chad 6 6 6
Guinea-Bissau 12 6 5 5
Mali 7 7 7 7
Djibouti 10 10 11 10 11
Papua New Guinea 11 11 11 11
Uganda 9 11 12 12
Central African Republic 15 15 13 11 11
Guinea 17 15 13 12
Angola 12 13 13 11 12
Senegal 13 13 14 14 15
Ethiopia 13 14 15 15
Cabo Verde 15 17 18
Mauritania 14 15 15 14
Benin 19 16 15
Rwanda 16 16 16 16 17
Gambia, The 18 17 16 16 16
Malawi 17 17 17 17 16
Cote d'Ivoire 19 18
Togo 19 19 19 21 19
Zambia 18 20 19 20
Pakistan 19 19 20 20 21
Bangladesh 20 20 20 20 20
Cameroon 22 22 24 25 25
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24 24 24 25
Myanmar 23 23 24 24 25
Lesotho 22 22 24 25 25
Nigeria 29 27 27 24
Sao Tome and Principe 28 34
Thailand 31 30 29 28 28
Paraguay 31 30 30 30 30
Oman 25 28 30 33 37
Nepal 27 29 31 32 33
Botswana 28 30 31 31 36
Kiribati 25 28 31 33 37
Nicaragua 30 31 34 34 33
Morocco 31 33 35 37 37
Namibia 36 35 37 37
China 32 34 36 37 37
Comoros 37 37
India 37 37 37 37
Ghana 37 38 37 39 35
Gabon 35 38 38 39 37
Tunisia 37 40 40 42 45
Kenya 40 39 41 40
Costa Rica 40 41 42 42 42
St. Lucia 38 42 43
Mauritius 44 44 46 48 51
Turkey 44 46 48 50
Zimbabwe 42 45 46 47 47
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33 36 47 40
Indonesia 43 48 50 50
Iraq 49 51 49 47 47
Algeria 45 49 52 53 59
Colombia 46 51 52 52 52
Mexico 55 55 55 55 54
Syrian Arab Republic 55 56 57 55 53
Venezuela, RB 56 57 57 57 56
Malaysia 54 57 59 57 57
Panama 59 59 59 58 57
Ecuador 59 59 59 60
Suriname 56 62 59 58 57
Jamaica 62 60 61 65 64
Belize 58 61
Egypt, Arab Rep. 55 58 61 62 61
United Arab Emirates 68 70 62 59 60
Peru 63 64 64 65 67
Cyprus 72 69 66 62 63
Portugal 58 66 58 59
Philippines 67 64 66 66 69
Sri Lanka 61 64 68 70 71
Congo, Rep. 64 68 70 65 56
Argentina 70 70 70 70
St. Kitts and Nevis 69 70 72 77 78
Fiji 70 71 74
Uruguay 72 74 74 77 78
Dominica 84 75
Italy 73 74 75 76 77
Hong Kong SAR, China 72 74 75 76
Qatar 83 86 76 77 77
Luxembourg 76 76 71
Jordan 81 78 77 76 76
Malta 85 82 80 80 81
Albania 80 82 81 81 80
Guyana 74 80 82
Kuwait 88 88 83 80 77
Grenada 81 80 83 86 86
United Kingdom 84 84 83 83 83
Trinidad and Tobago 81 83 84 85 83
New Zealand 84 84 84 86 87
Slovenia 84 84 84 85 86
Cuba 82 83 85 86 88
Poland 85 85 86 87 87
France 86 87 88 90 92
Sweden 85 90 89 90 90
Israel 90 89 89 89 90
Hungary 87 89 89 89 89
Bahamas, The 86 86 93
Czech Republic 94 92 94 92 93
Korea, Rep. 91 92 94 92 92
Greece 88 90 94 95 96
Switzerland 95 94 94 94 95
Bahrain 92 97 94 92 90
United States 94 95 95
Japan 95 96 95 95 95
Norway 97 97 96 95 96
Iceland 92 94 96 95 97
Canada 99 99 99 99 99
Austria 94 98 99 100 100
Russian Federation 99 99 99 97
Belarus 99 99 99 99 98
Ireland 97 98 100 100 99
Bulgaria 93 99 100 102 103
Spain 91 98 101 104 105
Belgium 99 101 101 102 103
Latvia 104 103 102 100 98
Finland 105 106 106 108 111
Denmark 104 105 107 108 109
Netherlands 101 115 116 115 114
Seychelles 109 112 116 120 121
Tajikistan
Lithuania 106 97
Solomon Islands 19
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Antigua and Barbuda
Moldova
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Azerbaijan 97 93
Mongolia 88
Macao SAR, China
Montenegro
Dominican Republic 51
Liechtenstein
Swaziland 38
Libya 79
Bhutan 12
Liberia
Australia
Middle East (developing only)
American Samoa
Lao PDR 21 21 24
Slovak Republic
Macedonia, FYR
South Africa 63
New Caledonia
Curacao
Kyrgyz Republic 109 104
Sudan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Brunei Darussalam 65 62
Niger 6 6
Bolivia
Kazakhstan 103 103
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Aruba
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44 48
Uzbekistan 107 101
Honduras 37 35
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Haiti 17
El Salvador 38 37
Guatemala 19 20
Somalia 12 11
Guam
South Sudan
Greenland
Madagascar 20 19
Germany
Croatia
Georgia 111
Chile 75 77 81 80
French Polynesia 64
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
Cambodia
Marshall Islands
Brazil
Romania 100
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Faeroe Islands
Timor-Leste
Estonia 99 86
Tonga 87 81
Samoa 82
Barbados 93 88
San Marino
Turkmenistan
Eritrea
Tuvalu
Saudi Arabia
Ukraine 97 97 96
Equatorial Guinea
Armenia
Serbia
Andorra
Yemen, Rep.
Vanuatu 15
Maldives
Vietnam
Singapore
West Bank and Gaza
Sierra Leone 19 18 19 16
Afghanistan 13 12 14 13
Lebanon 65

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