Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Tanzania 4 4 4 5
Burundi 4 4 5 5 5
Guinea-Bissau 7 5 6
Niger 6 6 6
Burkina Faso 5 5 6 7 7
Mali 6 6 7 7
Angola 12 12 10 11 10
Djibouti 10 11 10 11 10
Papua New Guinea 11 11 11 11 11
Central African Republic 15 13 11 11 11
Uganda 11 12 12 11
Afghanistan 12 14 13 11
Senegal 13 14 14 15 15
Mauritania 14 15 15 14 13
Ethiopia 13 14 15 15
Gambia, The 17 16 16 16 17
Rwanda 16 16 16 17 16
Malawi 17 17 16 16 16
Cabo Verde 15 17 18 21
Zambia 19 19 20 20
Bangladesh 20 20 20 20 20
Madagascar 20 19 18
Pakistan 20 20 21 21 22
Sierra Leone 19 21 18 18
Togo 19 19 21 19 22
Myanmar 23 24 24 25 19
Lao PDR 21 24 23
Cameroon 22 24 25 25 25
Lesotho 22 24 25 25 25
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24 24 25
Thailand 30 29 28 28 29
Paraguay 30 30 30 30 31
Nepal 28 30 31 32 33
Botswana 30 31 31 36 40
Kiribati 27 30 32 36 37
Oman 28 30 33 37 42
Nicaragua 31 34 34 33 37
Sao Tome and Principe 30 35
China 33 35 37 37 37
Namibia 36 35 37 37 38
India 37 37 37 37
Morocco 33 35 37 37 37
Gabon 38 37 39 37
Ghana 38 37 39 35 36
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 36 47 40
El Salvador 40 40
Kenya 39 41 40
Tunisia 40 39 41 44 45
Costa Rica 42 42 42 43 44
Zimbabwe 45 46 47 47 45
Iraq 51 49 48 47
Turkey 44 46 48 50 50
Mauritius 44 46 48 51 52
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49 53
Indonesia 42 47 49 49 47
Colombia 50 51 52 52
Algeria 49 52 53 60 59
Mexico 55 55 54 54 53
Syrian Arab Republic 56 57 55 53 51
Venezuela, RB 55 56 56 55 55
Malaysia 57 59 57 57 55
Portugal 58 66 58 59 60
Panama 59 59 58 58 59
Ecuador 58 58 59 58
Suriname 63 60 59 58 57
United Arab Emirates 70 62 59 60 62
Cyprus 69 66 62 63 64
Jamaica 60 60 64 64
Congo, Rep. 68 69 65 55 48
Egypt, Arab Rep. 62 64 65 64 75
Peru 63 64 65 67 67
Philippines 64 66 66 70 72
Sri Lanka 64 68 70 71 72
Argentina 70 70 70 71
Luxembourg 76 76 71
Hong Kong SAR, China 74 75 76
Qatar 86 76 76 77 80
Jordan 78 77 76 76 76
Uruguay 74 74 77 78 81
St. Kitts and Nevis 70 72 77 78
Italy 75 76 77 79 80
Malta 82 80 80 82 83
Kuwait 88 83 81 79 78
Chile 77 81 80 77
United Kingdom 84 84 83 83 84
Trinidad and Tobago 83 84 85 83 83
Slovenia 84 84 85 86 87
Grenada 80 83 86 86 91
New Zealand 84 84 86 87 89
Cuba 83 85 86 88 89
Poland 84 85 87 88 89
Albania 88 88 89 89 90
Hungary 89 89 89 89 87
Israel 89 89 89 90 89
Sweden 90 89 90 90 90
Czech Republic 92 94 92 93 91
Bahrain 97 94 92 90 87
Korea, Rep. 92 94 92 92 93
France 91 92 93 95 97
Switzerland 94 94 94 95 96
Norway 97 96 95 96 101
Iceland 94 96 95 97 98
Japan 96 95 95 95 96
Greece 91 94 95 96 95
Ukraine 97 96 94
Ireland 98 97 96 95 94
Austria 97 98 99 99 101
Belarus 99 99 99 98 97
Canada 99 99 99 99 99
Latvia 103 102 100 98 95
Russian Federation 100 100 100 99 98
Bulgaria 99 100 102 103 99
Belgium 101 101 102 103 103
Spain 98 101 103 104 101
Denmark 105 107 108 109 110
Finland 106 106 108 111 115
Seychelles 110 112 114 112
Netherlands 115 117 117 117 118
Tonga 81 98
Maldives
Macao SAR, China 61
Marshall Islands
Samoa 82
Dominica 84 75 70
Greenland
Armenia
Estonia 99 86 105
Dominican Republic 51
Antigua and Barbuda
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Moldova 94
Bermuda
Monaco
Haiti 18
Mongolia 88 89
Lithuania 106 97 95
Montenegro
Liberia
Kazakhstan 101 101 100
Macedonia, FYR
Mozambique 7 6 7
St. Lucia 42 43 49
Curacao
Bolivia
Faroe Islands
Bhutan
Croatia
Timor-Leste
Equatorial Guinea
Azerbaijan 97 93 89
Eritrea
Barbados 87 85
Singapore
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Slovak Republic
Australia
Solomon Islands 19 14
San Marino
South Africa 63 66
Saudi Arabia
New Caledonia
Serbia
French Polynesia
Brunei Darussalam 62
Cote d'Ivoire 18
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Germany
Nigeria 27 27 24 25
Somalia 11
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Yemen, Rep.
Brazil
Guam
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
Sudan
Chad 6 6 7
Swaziland
American Samoa
Fiji 71 74
Aruba
Tajikistan
Cayman Islands
Benin 16 15
Libya 72
Belize 58 61
Liechtenstein
Honduras 35
Turks and Caicos Islands
United States 95 95 91
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan 107 103 101
Tuvalu
Guatemala 20
Kyrgyz Republic 109 104 102
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guyana 77 79
Cambodia
Guinea 15 13 12 11
Puerto Rico
Vanuatu 15
Georgia 111
Vietnam 35
Romania 97 99
West Bank and Gaza
Comoros 38 37
Bahamas, The 86 93 86
Lebanon

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